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StreamWriter Constructor (Stream, Encoding)

Updated: December 2010

Initializes a new instance of the StreamWriter class for the specified stream, using the specified encoding and the default buffer size.

Namespace:  System.IO
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)
public StreamWriter(
	Stream stream,
	Encoding encoding
)

Parameters

stream
Type: System.IO.Stream

The stream to write to.

encoding
Type: System.Text.Encoding

The character encoding to use.

ExceptionCondition
ArgumentNullException

stream or encoding is null.

ArgumentException

stream is not writable.

This constructor initializes the Encoding property using the encoding parameter, and the BaseStream property using the stream parameter. For additional information, see Encoding.

The StreamWriter object calls Dispose on the provided Stream object when StreamWriter.Dispose is called.

Caution noteCaution:

When you compile a set of characters with a particular cultural setting and retrieve those same characters with a different cultural setting, the characters might not be interpretable, and could cause an exception to be thrown.

For a list of common I/O tasks, see Common I/O Tasks.

The following example demonstrates the StreamWriter constructors.

        public void CreateTextFile(string fileName, string textToAdd) 
        {
            string logFile = DateTime.Now.ToShortDateString()
                .Replace(@"/",@"-").Replace(@"\",@"-") + ".log";
			
            FileStream fs = new FileStream(fileName,
                FileMode.CreateNew, FileAccess.Write, FileShare.None);
			
            StreamWriter swFromFile = new StreamWriter(logFile);
            swFromFile.Write(textToAdd);
            swFromFile.Flush();
            swFromFile.Close();

            StreamWriter swFromFileStream = new StreamWriter(fs);
            swFromFileStream.Write(textToAdd);
            swFromFileStream.Flush();
            swFromFileStream.Close();

            StreamWriter swFromFileStreamDefaultEnc = 
                new System.IO.StreamWriter(fs, 
                System.Text.Encoding.Default);
            swFromFileStreamDefaultEnc.Write(textToAdd);
            swFromFileStreamDefaultEnc.Flush();
            swFromFileStreamDefaultEnc.Close();

            StreamWriter swFromFileTrue = 
                new StreamWriter(fileName,true);
            swFromFileTrue.Write(textToAdd);
            swFromFileTrue.Flush();
            swFromFileTrue.Close();
			
            StreamWriter swFromFileTrueUTF8Buffer = 
                new StreamWriter(fileName, 
                true, System.Text.Encoding.UTF8,512);
            swFromFileTrueUTF8Buffer.Write(textToAdd);
            swFromFileTrueUTF8Buffer.Flush();
            swFromFileTrueUTF8Buffer.Close();

            StreamWriter swFromFileTrueUTF8 = 
                new StreamWriter(fileName, true,
                System.Text.Encoding.UTF8);
            swFromFileTrueUTF8.Write(textToAdd);
            swFromFileTrueUTF8.Flush();
            swFromFileTrueUTF8.Close();

            StreamWriter swFromFileStreamUTF8Buffer = 
                new StreamWriter(fs, System.Text.Encoding.UTF8, 512);
            swFromFileStreamUTF8Buffer.Write(textToAdd);
            swFromFileStreamUTF8Buffer.Flush();
            swFromFileStreamUTF8Buffer.Close();
        }

Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP Starter Edition, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 98, Windows CE, Windows Mobile for Smartphone, Windows Mobile for Pocket PC, Xbox 360, Zune

The .NET Framework and .NET Compact Framework do not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Compact Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 2.0, 1.0

XNA Framework

Supported in: 3.0, 2.0, 1.0

Date

History

Reason

December 2010

Added information about Dispose.

Information enhancement.

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