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_strset, _strset_l, _wcsset, _wcsset_l, _mbsset, _mbsset_l

Sets characters of a string to a character. More secure versions of these functions are available; see _strset_s, _strset_s_l, _wcsset_s, _wcsset_s_l, _mbsset_s, _mbsset_s_l.

Important note Important

_mbsset and _mbsset_l cannot be used in applications that execute in the Windows Runtime. For more information, see CRT functions not supported with /ZW.

char *_strset(
   char *str,
   int c 
);
char *_strset_l(
   char *str,
   int c,
   locale_t locale
);
wchar_t *_wcsset(
   wchar_t *str,
   wchar_t c 
);
wchar_t *_wcsset_l(
   wchar_t *str,
   wchar_t c,
   locale_t locale
);
unsigned char *_mbsset(
   unsigned char *str,
   unsigned int c 
);
unsigned char *_mbsset_l(
   unsigned char *str,
   unsigned int c,
   _locale_t locale
);

str

Null-terminated string to be set.

c

Character setting.

locale

Locale to use.

Returns a pointer to the altered string.

The _strset function sets all characters (except the terminating null character) of str to c, converted to char. _wcsset and _mbsset_l are wide-character and multibyte-character versions of _strset, and the data types of the arguments and return values vary accordingly. These functions behave identically otherwise.

_mbsset validates its parameters. If str is a null pointer, the invalid parameter handler is invoked, as described in Parameter Validation. If execution is allowed to continue,_mbsset returns NULL and sets errno to EINVAL. _strset and _wcsset do not validate their parameters.

The output value is affected by the setting of the LC_CTYPE category setting of the locale; see setlocale, _wsetlocale for more information. The versions of these functions are identical, except that the ones that don't have the _l suffix use the current locale and the ones that do have the _l suffix instead use the locale parameter that's passed in. For more information, see Locale.

Security note Security Note

These functions might be vulnerable to buffer overrun threats. Buffer overruns can be used for system attacks because they can cause an unwarranted elevation of privilege. For more information, see Avoiding Buffer Overruns.

Generic-Text Routine Mappings

TCHAR.H routine

_UNICODE & _MBCS not defined

_MBCS defined

_UNICODE defined

_tcsset

_strset

_mbsset

_wcsset

_tcsset_l

_strset_l

_mbsset_l

_wcsset_l

Routine

Required header

_strset

<string.h>

_strset_l

<tchar.h>

_wcsset

<string.h> or <wchar.h>

_wcsset_l

<tchar.h>

_mbsset , _mbsset_l

<mbstring.h>

For additional compatibility information, see Compatibility.

// crt_strset.c
// compile with: /W3

#include <string.h>
#include <stdio.h>

int main( void )
{
   char string[] = "Fill the string with something.";
   printf( "Before: %s\n", string );
   _strset( string, '*' ); // C4996
   // Note: _strset is deprecated; consider using _strset_s instead
   printf( "After:  %s\n", string );
}
Before: Fill the string with something.
After:  *******************************

Not applicable. To call the standard C function, use PInvoke. For more information, see Platform Invoke Examples.

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