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IList Interface

Represents a non-generic collection of objects that can be individually accessed by index.

Namespace:  System.Collections
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)
[ComVisibleAttribute(true)]
public interface IList : ICollection, IEnumerable

IList is a descendant of the ICollection interface and is the base interface of all non-generic lists. IList implementations fall into three categories: read-only, fixed-size, and variable-size. A read-only IList cannot be modified. A fixed-size IList does not allow the addition or removal of elements, but it allows the modification of existing elements. A variable-size IList allows the addition, removal, and modification of elements.

For the generic version of this interface, see System.Collections.Generic.IList<T>.

The following example demonstrates the implementation of the IList interface to create a simple, fixed-size list.

using System;
using System.Collections;

class Program
{
    static void Main()
    {
        SimpleList test = new SimpleList();

        // Populate the List
        Console.WriteLine("Populate the List");
        test.Add("one");
        test.Add("two");
        test.Add("three");
        test.Add("four");
        test.Add("five");
        test.Add("six");
        test.Add("seven");
        test.Add("eight");
        test.PrintContents();
        Console.WriteLine();

        // Remove elements from the list
        Console.WriteLine("Remove elements from the list");
        test.Remove("six");
        test.Remove("eight");
        test.PrintContents();
        Console.WriteLine();

        // Add an element to the end of the list
        Console.WriteLine("Add an element to the end of the list");
        test.Add("nine");
        test.PrintContents();
        Console.WriteLine();

        // Insert an element into the middle of the list
        Console.WriteLine("Insert an element into the middle of the list");
        test.Insert(4, "number");
        test.PrintContents();
        Console.WriteLine();

        // Check for specific elements in the list
        Console.WriteLine("Check for specific elements in the list");
        Console.WriteLine("List contains \"three\": {0}", test.Contains("three"));
        Console.WriteLine("List contains \"ten\": {0}", test.Contains("ten"));
    }
} // class Program 

class SimpleList : IList
{
    private object[] _contents = new object[8];
    private int _count;

    public SimpleList()
    {
        _count = 0;
    }

    // IList Members 
    public int Add(object value)
    {
        if (_count < _contents.Length)
        {
            _contents[_count] = value;
            _count++;

            return (_count - 1);
        }
        else
        {
            return -1;
        }
    }

    public void Clear()
    {
        _count = 0;
    }

    public bool Contains(object value)
    {
        bool inList = false;
        for (int i = 0; i < Count; i++)
        {
            if (_contents[i] == value)
            {
                inList = true;
                break;
            }
        }
        return inList;
    }

    public int IndexOf(object value)
    {
        int itemIndex = -1;
        for (int i = 0; i < Count; i++)
        {
            if (_contents[i] == value)
            {
                itemIndex = i;
                break;
            }
        }
        return itemIndex;
    }

    public void Insert(int index, object value)
    {
        if ((_count + 1 <= _contents.Length) && (index < Count) && (index >= 0))
        {
            _count++;

            for (int i = Count - 1; i > index; i--)
            {
                _contents[i] = _contents[i - 1];
            }
            _contents[index] = value;
        }
    }

    public bool IsFixedSize
    {
        get
        {
            return true;
        }
    }

    public bool IsReadOnly
    {
        get
        {
            return false;
        }
    }

    public void Remove(object value)
    {
        RemoveAt(IndexOf(value));
    }

    public void RemoveAt(int index)
    {
        if ((index >= 0) && (index < Count))
        {
            for (int i = index; i < Count - 1; i++)
            {
                _contents[i] = _contents[i + 1];
            }
            _count--;
        }
    }

    public object this[int index]
    {
        get
        {
            return _contents[index];
        }
        set
        {
            _contents[index] = value;
        }
    }

    // ICollection Members 

    public void CopyTo(Array array, int index)
    {
        int j = index;
        for (int i = 0; i < Count; i++)
        {
            array.SetValue(_contents[i], j);
            j++;
        }
    }

    public int Count
    {
        get
        {
            return _count;
        }
    }

    public bool IsSynchronized
    {
        get
        {
            return false;
        }
    }

    // Return the current instance since the underlying store is not 
    // publicly available. 
    public object SyncRoot
    {
        get
        {
            return this;
        }
    }

    // IEnumerable Members 

    public IEnumerator GetEnumerator()
    {
        // Refer to the IEnumerator documentation for an example of 
        // implementing an enumerator. 
        throw new Exception("The method or operation is not implemented.");
    }

    public void PrintContents()
    {
        Console.WriteLine("List has a capacity of {0} and currently has {1} elements.", _contents.Length, _count);
        Console.Write("List contents:");
        for (int i = 0; i < Count; i++)
        {
            Console.Write(" {0}", _contents[i]);
        }
        Console.WriteLine();
    }
}

// This code produces output similar to the following: 
// Populate the List: 
// List has a capacity of 8 and currently has 8 elements. 
// List contents: one two three four five six seven eight 
// 
// Remove elements from the list: 
// List has a capacity of 8 and currently has 6 elements. 
// List contents: one two three four five seven 
// 
// Add an element to the end of the list: 
// List has a capacity of 8 and currently has 7 elements. 
// List contents: one two three four five seven nine 
// 
// Insert an element into the middle of the list: 
// List has a capacity of 8 and currently has 8 elements. 
// List contents: one two three four number five seven nine 
// 
// Check for specific elements in the list: 
// List contains "three": True
// List contains "ten": False

Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP Starter Edition, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 98, Windows CE, Windows Mobile for Smartphone, Windows Mobile for Pocket PC, Xbox 360, Zune

The .NET Framework and .NET Compact Framework do not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Compact Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 2.0, 1.0

XNA Framework

Supported in: 3.0, 2.0, 1.0
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