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CryptographicException Class

The exception that is thrown when an error occurs during a cryptographic operation.

Namespace: System.Security.Cryptography
Assembly: mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

[SerializableAttribute] 
[ComVisibleAttribute(true)] 
public class CryptographicException : SystemException
/** @attribute SerializableAttribute() */ 
/** @attribute ComVisibleAttribute(true) */ 
public class CryptographicException extends SystemException
SerializableAttribute 
ComVisibleAttribute(true) 
public class CryptographicException extends SystemException
Not applicable.

CryptographicException uses the HRESULT CORSEC_E_CRYPTO, unless an alternate error code is specified.

For a list of initial property values for an instance of CryptographicException, see the constructor.

The following code example demonstrates how to use members of the CryptographicException class.

using System;
using System.Text;
using System.Security.Cryptography;
using System.Runtime.Serialization;

class CryptographicExceptionMembers
{
    [STAThread]
    public static void Main(string[] args)
    {
        CryptographicExceptionMembers testRun = 
            new CryptographicExceptionMembers();
        testRun.TestConstructors();
        testRun.ShowProperties();
        
        Console.WriteLine("This sample ended successfully; " + 
            " press Enter to exit.");
        Console.ReadLine();
    }

    // Test each public implementation of the CryptographicException
    // constructors.
    private void TestConstructors()
    {
        EmptyConstructor();
        IntConstructor();
        StringConstructor();
        StringExceptionConstructor();
        StringStringConstructor();
    }

    private void EmptyConstructor()
    {
        // Construct a CryptographicException with no parameters.
        CryptographicException cryptographicException =
            new CryptographicException();
        Console.WriteLine("Created an empty CryptographicException.");
    }

    private void IntConstructor()
    {
        // Construct a CryptographicException using the error code for an
        // unexpected operation exception.
        int exceptionNumber = unchecked((int)0x80131431);
        CryptographicException cryptographicException =
            new CryptographicException(exceptionNumber);
        Console.WriteLine("Created a CryptographicException with the " + 
            "following error code: " + exceptionNumber);
    }

    private void StringConstructor()
    {
        // Construct a CryptographicException using a custom error message.
        string errorMessage = ("Unexpected Operation exception.");
        CryptographicException cryptographicException =
            new CryptographicException(errorMessage);
        Console.WriteLine("Created a CryptographicException with the " + 
            "following error message: " + errorMessage);
    }

    private void StringExceptionConstructor()
    {
        // Construct a CryptographicException using a custom error message
        // and an inner exception.
        string errorMessage = ("The current operation is not supported.");
        NullReferenceException nullException = new NullReferenceException();
        CryptographicException cryptographicException = 
            new CryptographicException(errorMessage, nullException);
        Console.WriteLine("Created a CryptographicException with the " +
            "following error message: " + errorMessage + 
            " and the inner exception of " + nullException.ToString());
    }

    private void StringStringConstructor()
    {
        // Create a CryptographicException using a time format and a the 
        // current date.
        string dateFormat = "{0:t}";
        string timeStamp = (DateTime.Now.ToString());
        CryptographicException cryptographicException = 
            new CryptographicException(dateFormat, timeStamp);
        Console.WriteLine("Created a CryptographicException with (" +
            dateFormat + ") as the format and (" + timeStamp + 
            ") as the message.");
    }

    // Construct an invalid DSACryptoServiceProvider to throw a
    // CryptographicException for introspection.
    private void ShowProperties()
    {
        try 
        {
            // Create a DSACryptoServiceProvider with invalid provider type
            // code to throw a CryptographicException exception.
            CspParameters cspParams = new CspParameters(44);
            DSACryptoServiceProvider DSAalg = 
                new DSACryptoServiceProvider(cspParams);
        }
        catch (CryptographicException ex)
        {
            // Retrieve the link to the help file for the exception.
            string helpLink = ex.HelpLink;
            
            // Retrieve the exception that caused the current
            // CryptographicException exception.
            System.Exception innerException = ex.InnerException;
            string innerExceptionMessage = "";
            if (innerException != null)
            {
                innerExceptionMessage = innerException.ToString();
            }

            // Retrieve the message that describes the exception.
            string message = ex.Message;

            // Retrieve the name of the application that caused the exception.
            string exceptionSource = ex.Source;

            // Retrieve the call stack at the time the exception occured.
            string stackTrace = ex.StackTrace;

            // Retrieve the method that threw the exception.
            System.Reflection.MethodBase targetSite = ex.TargetSite;
            string siteName = targetSite.Name;

            // Retrieve the entire exception as a single string.
            string entireException = ex.ToString();

            // GetObjectData
            setSerializationInfo(ref ex);

            // Get the root exception that caused the current
            // CryptographicException exception.
            System.Exception baseException = ex.GetBaseException();
            string baseExceptionMessage = "";
            if (baseException != null)
            {
                baseExceptionMessage = baseException.Message;
            }

            Console.WriteLine("Caught an expected exception:");
            Console.WriteLine(entireException);

            Console.WriteLine("\n");
            Console.WriteLine("Properties of the exception are as follows:");
            Console.WriteLine("Message: " + message);
            Console.WriteLine("Source: " + exceptionSource);
            Console.WriteLine("Stack trace: " + stackTrace);
            Console.WriteLine("Help link: " + helpLink);
            Console.WriteLine("Target site's name: " + siteName);
            Console.WriteLine("Base exception message: " + 
                baseExceptionMessage);
            Console.WriteLine("Inner exception message: " + 
                innerExceptionMessage);

        }
    }

    private void setSerializationInfo(ref CryptographicException ex)
    {
        // Insert information about the exception into a serialized object.
        FormatterConverter formatConverter = new FormatterConverter();
        SerializationInfo serializationInfo =
            new SerializationInfo(ex.GetType(), formatConverter);
        StreamingContext streamingContext =
            new StreamingContext(StreamingContextStates.All);

        ex.GetObjectData(serializationInfo,streamingContext);
    }
}
//
// This sample produces the following output:
//
// Created an empty CryptographicException.
// Created a CryptographicException with the following error code: -2146233295
// Created a CryptographicException with the following error message: 
// Unexpected Operation exception.
// Created a CryptographicException with the following error message: The
// current operation is not supported. and the inner exception of 
// System.NullReferenceException: Object reference not set to an instance of
// an object.
// Created a CryptographicException with ({0:t}) as the format and (2/24/2004
// 2:13:15 PM) as the message.
// Caught an expected exception:
// System.Security.Cryptography.CryptographicException: CryptoAPI
// cryptographic service provider (CSP) for this implementation could not be
// acquired. 
//  at System.Security.Cryptography.DSACryptoServiceProvider..ctor(Int32
// dwKeySize, CspParameters parameters)
//  at System.Security.Cryptography.DSACryptoServiceProvider..ctor(
// CspParametersparameters)
//  at CryptographicExceptionMembers.ShowProperties() in c:\inetpub\
// vssolutions\test\testbuild\consoleapplication1\class1.cs:line 109
//
//
// Properties of the exception are as follows:
// Message: CryptoAPI cryptographic service provider (CSP) for this
// implementation could not be acquired.
// Source: mscorlib
// Stack trace:    
//  at System.Security.Cryptography.DSACryptoServiceProvider..ctor(
// Int32 dwKeySize, CspParameters parameters) 
//  at System.Security.Cryptography.DSACryptoServiceProvider..ctor(
// CspParameters parameters)
//  at CryptographicExceptionMembers.ShowProperties() in c:\inetpub\
// vssolutions\test\testbuild\consoleapplication1\class1.cs:line 109
// Help link:
// Target site's name: .ctor
// Base exception message: CryptoAPI cryptographic service provider (CSP) for
// this implementation could not be acquired.
// Inner exception message:
// This sample ended successfully;  press Enter to exit.

System.Object
   System.Exception
     System.SystemException
      System.Security.Cryptography.CryptographicException
         System.Security.Cryptography.CryptographicUnexpectedOperationException

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

Windows 98, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows CE, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows Mobile for Pocket PC, Windows Mobile for Smartphone, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

The Microsoft .NET Framework 3.0 is supported on Windows Vista, Microsoft Windows XP SP2, and Windows Server 2003 SP1.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Compact Framework

Supported in: 2.0

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