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strtok, _strtok_l, wcstok, _wcstok_l, _mbstok, _mbstok_l

Find the next token in a string, using the current locale or a specified locale passed in. More secure versions of these functions are available; see strtok_s, _strtok_s_l, wcstok_s, _wcstok_s_l, _mbstok_s, _mbstok_s_l.

char *strtok(
   char *strToken,
   const char *strDelimit 
);
wchar_t *wcstok(
   wchar_t *strToken,
   const wchar_t *strDelimit 
);
unsigned char *_mbstok(
   unsigned char*strToken,
   const unsigned char *strDelimit 
);
unsigned char *_mbstok(
   unsigned char*strToken,
   const unsigned char *strDelimit,
   _locale_t locale
);

strToken

String containing token or tokens.

strDelimit

Set of delimiter characters.

locale

Locale to use.

Returns a pointer to the next token found in strToken. They return NULL when no more tokens are found. Each call modifies strToken by substituting a NULL character for the first delimiter that occurs after the returned token.

The strtok function finds the next token in strToken. The set of characters in strDelimit specifies possible delimiters of the token to be found in strToken on the current call. wcstok and _mbstok are wide-character and multibyte-character versions of strtok. The arguments and return value of wcstok are wide-character strings; those of _mbstok are multibyte-character strings. These three functions behave identically otherwise.

Security noteSecurity Note

 These functions incur a potential threat brought about by a buffer overrun problem. Buffer overrun problems are a frequent method of system attack, resulting in an unwarranted elevation of privilege. For more information, see Avoiding Buffer Overruns.

On the first call to strtok, the function skips leading delimiters and returns a pointer to the first token in strToken, terminating the token with a null character. More tokens can be broken out of the remainder of strToken by a series of calls to strtok. Each call to strtokmodifies strToken by inserting a null character after the token returned by that call. To read the next token from strToken, call strtok with a NULL value for the strToken argument. The NULL strToken argument causes strtok to search for the next token in the modified strToken. The strDelimit argument can take any value from one call to the next so that the set of delimiters may vary.

The output value is affected by the setting of the LC_CTYPE category setting of the locale; see setlocale for more information. The versions of these functions without the _l suffix use the current locale for this locale-dependent behavior; the versions with the _l suffix are identical except that they use the locale parameter passed in instead. For more information, see Locale.

NoteNote

Each function uses a thread-local static variable for parsing the string into tokens. Therefore, multiple threads can simultaneously call these functions without undesirable effects. However, within a single thread, interleaving calls to one of these functions is highly likely to produce data corruption and inaccurate results. When parsing different strings, finish parsing one string before starting to parse the next. Also, be aware of the potential for danger when calling one of these functions from within a loop where another function is called. If the other function ends up using one of these functions, an interleaved sequence of calls will result, triggering data corruption.

Generic-Text Routine Mappings

TCHAR.H routine

_UNICODE & _MBCS not defined

_MBCS defined

_UNICODE defined

_tcstok

strtok

_mbstok

wcstok

_tcstok

_strtok_l

_mbstok_l

_wcstok_l

Routine

Required header

strtok

<string.h>

wcstok

<string.h> or <wchar.h>

_mbstok, _mbstok_l

<mbstring.h>

For additional compatibility information, see Compatibility in the Introduction.

// crt_strtok.c
// compile with: /W3
// In this program, a loop uses strtok
// to print all the tokens (separated by commas
// or blanks) in the string named "string".
//
#include <string.h>
#include <stdio.h>

char string[] = "A string\tof ,,tokens\nand some  more tokens";
char seps[]   = " ,\t\n";
char *token;

int main( void )
{
   printf( "Tokens:\n" );
 
   // Establish string and get the first token:
   token = strtok( string, seps ); // C4996
   // Note: strtok is deprecated; consider using strtok_s instead
   while( token != NULL )
   {
      // While there are tokens in "string"
      printf( " %s\n", token );

      // Get next token: 
      token = strtok( NULL, seps ); // C4996
   }
}
Tokens:
 A
 string
 of
 tokens
 and
 some
 more
 tokens

Not applicable. To call the standard C function, use PInvoke. For more information, see Platform Invoke Examples.

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