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_mbsbtype, _mbsbtype_l

Returns the type of byte within a string.

Important note Important

This API cannot be used in applications that execute in the Windows Runtime. For more information, see CRT functions not supported with /ZW.

int _mbsbtype(
   const unsigned char *mbstr,
   size_t count 
);
int _mbsbtype_l(
   const unsigned char *mbstr,
   size_t count,
   _locale_t locale 
);

mbstr

Address of a sequence of multibyte characters.

count

Byte offset from head of string.

locale

Locale to use.

_mbsbtype and _mbsbtype_lreturns an integer value indicating the result of the test on the specified byte. The manifest constants in the following table are defined in Mbctype.h.

Return value

Byte type

_MBC_SINGLE (0)

Single-byte character. For example, in code page 932, _mbsbtype returns 0 if the specified byte is within the range 0x20 – 0x7E or 0xA1 – 0xDF.

_MBC_LEAD (1)

Lead byte of multibyte character. For example, in code page 932, _mbsbtype returns 1 if the specified byte is within the range 0x81 – 0x9F or 0xE0 – 0xFC.

_MBC_TRAIL (2)

Trailing byte of multibyte character. For example, in code page 932, _mbsbtype returns 2 if the specified byte is within the range 0x40 – 0x7E or 0x80 – 0xFC.

_MBC_ILLEGAL (–1)

NULL string, invalid character, or NULL byte found before the byte at offset count in mbstr.

The _mbsbtype function determines the type of a byte in a multibyte character string. The function examines only the byte at offset count in mbstr, ignoring invalid characters before the specified byte.

The output value is affected by the setting of the LC_CTYPE category setting of the locale; see setlocale for more information. The version of this function without the _l suffix uses the current locale for this locale-dependent behavior; the version with the _l suffix is identical except that it use the locale parameter passed in instead. For more information, see Locale.

If the input string is NULL, the invalid parameter handler is invoked, as described in Parameter Validation. If execution is allowed to continue, errno is set to EINVAL and the function returns _MBC_ILLEGAL.

Routine

Required header

Optional header

_mbsbtype

<mbstring.h>

<mbctype.h>*

_mbsbtype_l

<mbstring.h>

<mbctype.h>*

* For manifest constants used as return values.

For more compatibility information, see Compatibility.

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