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MessageQueue.Receive Method (TimeSpan, MessageQueueTransaction)

Receives the first message available in the transactional queue referenced by the MessageQueue and waits until either a message is available in the queue, or the time-out expires.

Namespace:  System.Messaging
Assembly:  System.Messaging (in System.Messaging.dll)

member Receive : 
        timeout:TimeSpan * 
        transaction:MessageQueueTransaction -> Message

Parameters

timeout
Type: System.TimeSpan

A TimeSpan that indicates the time to wait until a new message is available for inspection.

transaction
Type: System.Messaging.MessageQueueTransaction

The MessageQueueTransaction object.

Return Value

Type: System.Messaging.Message
A Message that references the first message available in the queue.

ExceptionCondition
ArgumentException

The value specified for the timeout parameter is not valid, possibly timeout is less than TimeSpan.Zero or greater than MessageQueue.InfiniteTimeout.

MessageQueueException

A message did not arrive in the queue before the time-out expired.

-or-

The queue is non-transactional.

-or-

An error occurred when accessing a Message Queuing method.

Use this overload to receive a message from a transactional queue using the internal transaction context defined by the transaction parameter, and return within a specified period of time if there are no messages in the queue.

The Receive method allows for the synchronous reading of a message, thereby removing it from the queue. Subsequent calls to Receive will return the messages that follow in the queue.

Because this method is called on a transactional queue, the message that is received would be returned to the queue if the transaction is aborted. The message is not permanently removed from the queue until the transaction is committed.

To read the first message in a queue without removing it from the queue, use the Peek method. The Peek method always returns the first message in the queue, so subsequent calls to the method return the same message unless a higher priority message arrives in the queue. There is no transaction context associated with a message returned by a call to Peek. Because Peek does not remove any messages in the queue, there would be nothing to roll back by a call to Abort.

Use a call to Receive when it is acceptable for the current thread to be blocked while it waits for a message to arrive in the queue. The thread will be blocked for the given period of time, or indefinitely if you specified the value InfiniteTimeout for the timeout parameter. If the application processing should continue without waiting for a message, consider using the asynchronous method, BeginReceive.

The following table shows whether this method is available in various Workgroup modes.

Workgroup mode

Available

Local computer

Yes

Local computer and direct format name

Yes

Remote computer

No

Remote computer and direct format name

Yes

The following code example demonstrates the use of this method.

No code example is currently available or this language may not be supported.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5.2, 4.5.1, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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