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Assembly.LoadFrom Method (String)

Loads an assembly given its file name or path.

Namespace:  System.Reflection
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public static Assembly LoadFrom(
	string assemblyFile
)

Parameters

assemblyFile
Type: System.String

The name or path of the file that contains the manifest of the assembly.

Return Value

Type: System.Reflection.Assembly
The loaded assembly.

ExceptionCondition
ArgumentNullException

assemblyFile is null.

FileNotFoundException

assemblyFile is not found, or the module you are trying to load does not specify a filename extension.

FileLoadException

A file that was found could not be loaded.

BadImageFormatException

assemblyFile is not a valid assembly.

-or-

Version 2.0 or later of the common language runtime is currently loaded and assemblyFile was compiled with a later version.

SecurityException

A codebase that does not start with "file://" was specified without the required WebPermission.

ArgumentException

The assemblyFile parameter is an empty string ("").

PathTooLongException

The assembly name is longer than MAX_PATH characters.

The assemblyFile parameter must refer to a URI without escape characters. This method supplies escape characters for all invalid characters in the URI.

NoteNote:

File transfer protocol (FTP) is not supported. If the URI supplied for assemblyFile is an FTP address, the assembly is not loaded. No exception is thrown.

assemblyFile is relative to the current directory, and the assembly is loaded into the domain of the caller.

Assemblies can be loaded into one of three contexts, or can be loaded without context:

  • The load context contains assemblies found by probing: in the GAC, in a host assembly store if the runtime is hosted, or in the ApplicationBase and PrivateBinPath of the application domain. Most overloads of the Load method load assemblies into this context.

  • The load-from context contains assemblies for which the user provided a path not included in the directories searched by probing. LoadFrom, CreateInstanceFrom, and ExecuteAssembly are examples of methods that load by path.

  • The reflection-only context contains assemblies loaded with the ReflectionOnlyLoad and ReflectionOnlyLoadFrom methods; code in these contexts cannot be executed.

  • If the user generated or found the assembly, it is not in any context. This applies to assemblies loaded using overloads of the Load method that specify a byte array containing an assembly, and to transient dynamic assemblies created with reflection emit and not saved to disk.

The load-from context allows an assembly to be loaded from a path not included in probing, and yet allows dependencies on that path to be found and loaded because the path information is maintained by the context.

The LoadFrom method has the following disadvantages. Consider using Load instead.

  • If an assembly with the same identity is already loaded, LoadFrom returns the loaded assembly even if a different path was specified.

  • If an assembly is loaded with LoadFrom, and later an assembly in the load context attempts to load same the assembly by display name, the load attempt fails. This can occur when an assembly is de-serialized.

  • If an assembly is loaded with LoadFrom, and the probing path includes an assembly with the same identity but a different location, an InvalidCastException, MissingMethodException, or other unexpected behavior can occur.

  • LoadFrom demands FileIOPermissionAccess.Read and FileIOPermissionAccess.PathDiscovery, or WebPermission, on the specified path.

  • If a native image exists for assemblyFile, it is not used. The assembly cannot be loaded as domain neutral.

  • In the .NET Framework version 1.0 and 1.1, policy is not applied.

Windows Mobile for Pocket PC, Windows Mobile for Smartphone, Windows CE Platform Note: This method supports only file-based URIs on the .NET Compact Framework.

The following example loads an assembly given its file name or path.

Assembly SampleAssembly;
SampleAssembly = Assembly.LoadFrom("c:\\Sample.Assembly.dll");
// Obtain a reference to a method known to exist in assembly.
MethodInfo Method = SampleAssembly.GetTypes()[0].GetMethod("Method1");
// Obtain a reference to the parameters collection of the MethodInfo instance.
ParameterInfo[] Params = Method.GetParameters();
// Display information about method parameters. 
// Param = sParam1 
//   Type = System.String 
//   Position = 0 
//   Optional=False 
foreach (ParameterInfo Param in Params)
{
    Console.WriteLine("Param=" + Param.Name.ToString());
    Console.WriteLine("  Type=" + Param.ParameterType.ToString());
    Console.WriteLine("  Position=" + Param.Position.ToString());
    Console.WriteLine("  Optional=" + Param.IsOptional.ToString());
}

Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP Starter Edition, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 98, Windows CE, Windows Mobile for Smartphone, Windows Mobile for Pocket PC, Xbox 360, Zune

The .NET Framework and .NET Compact Framework do not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Compact Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 2.0, 1.0

XNA Framework

Supported in: 3.0, 2.0, 1.0

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