Export (0) Print
Expand All

Queue.ToArray Method

Copies the Queue elements to a new array.

Namespace: System.Collections.Generic
Assembly: System (in system.dll)

public T[] ToArray ()
public T[] ToArray ()
public function ToArray () : T[]
Not applicable.

Return Value

A new array containing elements copied from the Queue.

The Queue is not modified. The order of the elements in the new array is the same as the order of the elements from the beginning of the Queue to its end.

This method is an O(n) operation, where n is Count.

The following code example demonstrates several methods of the Queue generic class, including the ToArray method.

The code example creates a queue of strings with default capacity and uses the Enqueue method to queue five strings. The elements of the queue are enumerated, which does not change the state of the queue. The Dequeue method is used to dequeue the first string. The Peek method is used to look at the next item in the queue, and then the Dequeue method is used to dequeue it.

The ToArray method is used to create an array and copy the queue elements to it, then the array is passed to the Queue constructor that takes IEnumerable, creating a copy of the queue. The elements of the copy are displayed.

An array twice the size of the queue is created, and the CopyTo method is used to copy the array elements beginning at the middle of the array. The Queue constructor is used again to create a second copy of the queue containing three null elements at the beginning.

The Contains method is used to show that the string "four" is in the first copy of the queue, after which the Clear method clears the copy and the Count property shows that the queue is empty.

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;

class Example
    public static void Main()
        Queue<string> numbers = new Queue<string>();

        // A queue can be enumerated without disturbing its contents.
        foreach( string number in numbers )

        Console.WriteLine("\nDequeuing '{0}'", numbers.Dequeue());
        Console.WriteLine("Peek at next item to dequeue: {0}", 
        Console.WriteLine("Dequeuing '{0}'", numbers.Dequeue());

        // Create a copy of the queue, using the ToArray method and the
        // constructor that accepts an IEnumerable<T>.
        Queue<string> queueCopy = new Queue<string>(numbers.ToArray());

        Console.WriteLine("\nContents of the first copy:");
        foreach( string number in queueCopy )
        // Create an array twice the size of the queue and copy the
        // elements of the queue, starting at the middle of the 
        // array. 
        string[] array2 = new string[numbers.Count * 2];
        numbers.CopyTo(array2, numbers.Count);
        // Create a second queue, using the constructor that accepts an
        // IEnumerable(Of T).
        Queue<string> queueCopy2 = new Queue<string>(array2);

        Console.WriteLine("\nContents of the second copy, with duplicates and nulls:");
        foreach( string number in queueCopy2 )

        Console.WriteLine("\nqueueCopy.Contains(\"four\") = {0}", 

        Console.WriteLine("\nqueueCopy.Count = {0}", queueCopy.Count);

/* This code example produces the following output:


Dequeuing 'one'
Peek at next item to dequeue: two
Dequeuing 'two'

Contents of the copy:

Contents of the second copy, with duplicates and nulls:


queueCopy.Contains("four") = True


queueCopy.Count = 0

Windows 98, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows CE, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows Mobile for Pocket PC, Windows Mobile for Smartphone, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

The Microsoft .NET Framework 3.0 is supported on Windows Vista, Microsoft Windows XP SP2, and Windows Server 2003 SP1.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.0, 2.0

.NET Compact Framework

Supported in: 2.0

XNA Framework

Supported in: 1.0

Community Additions

© 2014 Microsoft