Expand Minimize

KeRevertToUserGroupAffinityThread routine

The KeRevertToUserGroupAffinityThread routine restores the group affinity of the calling thread to its original value at the time that the thread was created.

Syntax


VOID KeRevertToUserGroupAffinityThread(
  _In_  PGROUP_AFFINITY PreviousAffinity
);

Parameters

PreviousAffinity [in]

A pointer to the group affinity to restore. This parameter points to a GROUP_AFFINITY structure that contains a group number and an affinity mask. The affinity mask specifies the set of logical processors that the user thread can run on.

Return value

None

Remarks

This routine changes the group number and group-relative affinity mask of the calling thread. The group number and affinity mask identify a set of processors on which the thread can run. If successful, the routine schedules the thread to run on a processor in this set.

The PreviousAffinity parameter points to a GROUP_AFFINITY structure that specifies the new group number (Group member) and affinity mask (Mask member) for the thread. If PreviousAffinity->Mask is nonzero, KeRevertToUserGroupAffinityThread sets the group number and affinity mask of the calling thread to the values in the structure. If PreviousAffinity->Mask is zero, the routine restores the group number and affinity mask to their original values at the time that the thread was initialized.

A process can have affinity for more than one group at a time. However, a thread can be assigned to only one group at any time, and that group is always in the affinity of the thread's process.

A thread can change the group to which it is assigned by calling the KeSetSystemGroupAffinityThread routine. Following one or more calls to KeSetSystemGroupAffinityThread, the thread can restore the original group affinity that it had when the thread was created by calling KeRevertToUserGroupAffinityThread.

After the thread is created, a call to KeRevertToUserGroupAffinityThread has no effect (that is, the group number and affinity mask of the thread remain unchanged) unless the thread first calls KeSetSystemGroupAffinityThread. Following a call to KeRevertToUserGroupAffinityThread, a second call to KeRevertToUserGroupAffinityThread has no effect unless the thread first calls KeSetSystemGroupAffinityThread.

The routine changes the group number and affinity mask to the values that are specified in *PreviousAffinity only if the following are true:

  • The group number is valid.

  • The affinity mask is valid (that is, only mask bits that correspond to logical processors in the group are set).

  • At least one of the processors that is specified in the affinity mask is active.

If any of these conditions is not met, the call to KeRevertToUserGroupAffinityThread has no effect.

A related routine, KeRevertToUserAffinityThreadEx, changes the affinity mask of the calling thread, but this routine, unlike KeRevertToUserGroupAffinityThread, does not accept a group number as an input parameter. In Windows 7 and later versions of the Windows operating system, KeRevertToUserAffinityThreadEx assumes that the affinity mask refers to processors in group 0, which is compatible with the behavior of this routine in earlier versions of Windows that do not support groups. This behavior ensures that existing drivers that call KeRevertToUserAffinityThreadEx and that use no group-oriented features will run correctly in multiprocessor systems that have two or more groups. However, drivers that use any group-oriented features in Windows 7 and later versions of the Windows operating system should call KeRevertToUserGroupAffinityThread instead of KeRevertToUserAffinityThreadEx.

If KeRevertToUserGroupAffinityThread is called at IRQL <= APC_LEVEL and the call is successful, the new (reverted) group affinity takes effect immediately. When the call returns, the calling thread is already running on a processor that is specified in the new group affinity. If KeRevertToUserGroupAffinityThread is called at IRQL = DISPATCH_LEVEL and the call is successful, the pending processor change is deferred until the caller lowers the IRQL below DISPATCH_LEVEL.

Requirements

Version

Available in Windows 7 and later versions of Windows.

Header

Wdm.h (include Ntddk.h, Wdm.h, or Ntddk.h)

Library

Ntoskrnl.lib

IRQL

<= DISPATCH_LEVEL (see Remarks section).

See also

GROUP_AFFINITY
KeRevertToUserAffinityThreadEx
KeSetSystemGroupAffinityThread

 

 

Send comments about this topic to Microsoft

Show:
© 2014 Microsoft