Visual Studio 2012 - Visual C++
friend (C++)

In some circumstances, it is more convenient to grant member-level access to functions that are not members of a class or to all functions in a separate class. The friend keyword allows a function or class to gain access to the private and protected members of a class. You can declare friend functions or friend classes to access not only public members but also protected and private class members.

friend class-name; 
friend function-declarator;