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xp_logininfo (Transact-SQL)

Returns information about Windows users and Windows groups.

Topic link icon Transact-SQL Syntax Conventions

xp_logininfo [ [ @acctname = ] 'account_name' ] 
     [ , [ @option = ] 'all' | 'members' ] 
     [ , [ @privilege = ] variable_name OUTPUT]
[ @acctname = ] 'account_name'

Is the name of a Windows user or group granted access to SQL Server. account_name is sysname, with a default of NULL. If account_name is not specified, all Windows groups and Windows users that have been explicitly granted login permission are reported. account_name must be fully qualified. For example, 'ADVWKS4\macraes', or 'BUILTIN\Administrators'.

'all' | 'members'

Specifies whether to report information about all permission paths for the account, or to report information about the members of the Windows group. @option is varchar(10), with a default of NULL. Unless all is specified, only the first permission path is displayed.

[ @privilege = ] variable_name

Is an output parameter that returns the privilege level of the specified Windows account. variable_name is varchar(10), with a default of 'Not wanted'. The privilege level returned is user, admin, or null.

OUTPUT

When specified, puts variable_name in the output parameter.

0 (success) or 1 (failure)

Column name

Data type

Description

account name

sysname

Fully qualified Windows account name.

type

char(8)

Type of Windows account. Valid values are user or group.

privilege

char(9)

Access privilege for SQL Server. Valid values are admin, user, or null.

mapped login name

sysname

For user accounts that have user privilege, mapped login name shows the mapped login name that SQL Server tries to use when logging in with this account by using the mapped rules with the domain name added before it.

permission path

sysname

Group membership that allowed the account access.

If account_name is specified, xp_logininfo reports the highest privilege level of the specified Windows user or group. If a Windows user has access as both a system administrator and as a domain user, it will be reported as a system administrator. If the user is a member of multiple Windows groups of equal privilege level, only the group that was first granted access to SQL Server is reported.

If account_name is a valid Windows user or group that is not associated with a SQL Server login, an empty result set is returned. If account_name cannot be identified as a valid Windows user or group, an error message is returned.

If account_name and all are specified, all permission paths for the Windows user or group are returned. If account_name is a member of multiple groups, all of which have been granted access to SQL Server, multiple rows are returned. The admin privilege rows are returned before the user privilege rows, and within a privilege level rows are returned in the order in which the corresponding SQL Server logins were created.

If account_name and members are specified, a list of the next-level members of the group is returned. If account_name is a local group, the listing can include local users, domain users, and groups. If account_name is a domain account, the list is made up of domain users. SQL Server must connect to the domain controller to retrieve group membership information. If the server cannot contact the domain controller, no information will be returned.

xp_logininfo only returns information from Active Director global groups, not universal groups.

Requires membership in the sysadmin fixed server role or membership in the public fixed database role in the master database with EXECUTE permission granted.

The following example displays information about the BUILTIN\Administrators Windows group.

EXEC xp_logininfo 'BUILTIN\Administrators'
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