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EVENTLOGRECORD structure

Contains information about an event record returned by the ReadEventLog function.

Syntax


typedef struct _EVENTLOGRECORD {
  DWORD Length;
  DWORD Reserved;
  DWORD RecordNumber;
  DWORD TimeGenerated;
  DWORD TimeWritten;
  DWORD EventID;
  WORD  EventType;
  WORD  NumStrings;
  WORD  EventCategory;
  WORD  ReservedFlags;
  DWORD ClosingRecordNumber;
  DWORD StringOffset;
  DWORD UserSidLength;
  DWORD UserSidOffset;
  DWORD DataLength;
  DWORD DataOffset;
} EVENTLOGRECORD, *PEVENTLOGRECORD;

Members

Length

The size of this event record, in bytes. Note that this value is stored at both ends of the entry to ease moving forward or backward through the log. The length includes any pad bytes inserted at the end of the record for DWORD alignment.

Reserved

A DWORD value that is always set to ELF_LOG_SIGNATURE (the value is 0x654c664c), which is ASCII for eLfL.

RecordNumber

The number of the record. This value can be used with the EVENTLOG_SEEK_READ flag in the ReadEventLog function to begin reading at a specified record. For more information, see Event Log Records.

TimeGenerated

The time at which this entry was submitted. This time is measured in the number of seconds elapsed since 00:00:00 January 1, 1970, Universal Coordinated Time.

TimeWritten

The time at which this entry was received by the service to be written to the log. This time is measured in the number of seconds elapsed since 00:00:00 January 1, 1970, Universal Coordinated Time.

EventID

The event identifier. The value is specific to the event source for the event, and is used with source name to locate a description string in the message file for the event source. For more information, see Event Identifiers.

EventType

The type of event. This member can be one of the following values.

ValueMeaning
EVENTLOG_ERROR_TYPE
0x0001

Error event

EVENTLOG_AUDIT_FAILURE
0x0010

Failure Audit event

EVENTLOG_AUDIT_SUCCESS
0x0008

Success Audit event

EVENTLOG_INFORMATION_TYPE
0x0004

Information event

EVENTLOG_WARNING_TYPE
0x0002

Warning event

 

For more information, see Event Types.

NumStrings

The number of strings present in the log (at the position indicated by StringOffset). These strings are merged into the message before it is displayed to the user.

EventCategory

The category for this event. The meaning of this value depends on the event source. For more information, see Event Categories.

ReservedFlags

Reserved.

ClosingRecordNumber

Reserved.

StringOffset

The offset of the description strings within this event log record.

UserSidLength

The size of the UserSid member, in bytes. This value can be zero if no security identifier was provided.

UserSidOffset

The offset of the security identifier (SID) within this event log record. To obtain the user name for this SID, use the LookupAccountSid function.

DataLength

The size of the event-specific data (at the position indicated by DataOffset), in bytes.

DataOffset

The offset of the event-specific information within this event log record, in bytes. This information could be something specific (a disk driver might log the number of retries, for example), followed by binary information specific to the event being logged and to the source that generated the entry.

Remarks

The defined members are followed by the replacement strings for the message identified by the event identifier, the binary information, some pad bytes to make sure the full entry is on a DWORD boundary, and finally the length of the log entry again. Because the strings and the binary information can be of any length, no structure members are defined to reference them. The declaration of this structure in Winnt.h describes these members as follows:

    // WCHAR SourceName[]
    // WCHAR Computername[]
    // SID   UserSid
    // WCHAR Strings[]
    // BYTE  Data[]
    // CHAR  Pad[]
    // DWORD Length;

The source name is a variable-length string that specifies the name of the event source. The computer name is the name of the computer that generated the event. It may be followed with some padding bytes so that the user SID is aligned on a DWORD boundary. The user SID identifies the active user at the time this event was logged. If UserSidLength is zero, this field may be empty.

The event identifier together with source name and a language identifier identify a string that describes the event in more detail. The strings are used as replacement strings and are merged into the message string to make a complete message. The message strings are contained in a message file specified in the source entry in the registry. To obtain the appropriate message string from the message file, load the message file with the LoadLibrary function and use the FormatMessage function.

The binary information is information that is specific to the event. It could be the contents of the processor registers when a device driver got an error, a dump of an invalid packet that was received from the network, a dump of all the structures in a program (when the data area was detected to be corrupt), and so on. This information should be useful to the writer of the device driver or the application in tracking down bugs or unauthorized breaks into the application.

Requirements

Minimum supported client

Windows 2000 Professional [desktop apps only]

Minimum supported server

Windows 2000 Server [desktop apps only]

Header

Winnt.h (include Windows.h)

See also

LookupAccountSid
ReadEventLog

 

 

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