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_itoa, _i64toa, _ui64toa, _itow, _i64tow, _ui64tow 

Converts an integer to a string. These functions are deprecated because more secure versions are available; see _itoa_s, _i64toa_s, _ui64toa_s, _itow_s, _i64tow_s, _ui64tow_s.


char *_itoa(
   int value,
   char *str,
   int radix 
);
char *_i64toa(
   __int64 value,
   char *str,
   int radix 
);
char * _ui64toa(
   unsigned _int64 value,
   char *str,
   int radix 
);
wchar_t * _itow(
   int value,
   wchar_t *str,
   int radix 
);
wchar_t * _i64tow(
   __int64 value,
   wchar_t *str,
   int radix 
);
wchar_t * _ui64tow(
   unsigned __int64 value,
   wchar_t *str,
   int radix 
);
template <size_t size>
char *_itoa(
   int value,
   char (&str)[size],
   int radix 
); // C++ only
template <size_t size>
char *_i64toa(
   __int64 value,
   char (&str)[size],
   int radix 
); // C++ only
template <size_t size>
char * _ui64toa(
   unsigned _int64 value,
   char (&str)[size],
   int radix 
); // C++ only
template <size_t size>
wchar_t * _itow(
   int value,
   wchar_t (&str)[size],
   int radix 
); // C++ only
template <size_t size>
wchar_t * _i64tow(
   __int64 value,
   wchar_t (&str)[size],
   int radix 
); // C++ only
template <size_t size>
wchar_t * _ui64tow(
   unsigned __int64 value,
   wchar_t (&str)[size],
   int radix 
); // C++ only

Parameters

value

Number to be converted.

str

String result.

radix

Base of value; which must be in the range 2–36.

Each of these functions returns a pointer to str. There is no error return.

The _itoa, _i64toa, and _ui64toa functions convert the digits of the given value argument to a null-terminated character string and stores the result (up to 33 characters for _itoa and 65 for _i64toa and _ui64toa) in str. If radix equals 10 and value is negative, the first character of the stored string is the minus sign ( ). _itow, _i64tow, and _ui64tow are wide-character versions of _itoa, _i64toa, and _ui64toa, respectively.

Security noteSecurity Note

To prevent buffer overruns, ensure that the str buffer is large enough to hold the converted digits plus the trailing null-character and a sign character.

In C++, these functions have template overloads that invoke the newer, secure counterparts of these functions. For more information, see Secure Template Overloads.

Generic-Text Routine Mappings
Tchar.h routine _UNICODE and _MBCS not defined _MBCS defined _UNICODE defined

_itot

_itoa

_itoa

_itow

_i64tot

_i64toa

_i64toa

_i64tow

_ui64tot

_ui64toa

_ui64toa

_ui64tow

Routine Required header Compatibility

_itoa

<stdlib.h>

Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows 98 Second Edition, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows NT 4.0, Windows 2000, Windows XP Home Edition, Windows XP Professional, Windows Server 2003

_i64toa

<stdlib.h>

Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows 98 Second Edition, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows NT 4.0, Windows 2000, Windows XP Home Edition, Windows XP Professional, Windows Server 2003

_ui64toa

<stdlib.h>

Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows 98 Second Edition, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows NT 4.0, Windows 2000, Windows XP Home Edition, Windows XP Professional, Windows Server 2003

_itow

<stdlib.h>

Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows 98 Second Edition, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows NT 4.0, Windows 2000, Windows XP Home Edition, Windows XP Professional, Windows Server 2003

_i64tow

<stdlib.h>

Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows 98 Second Edition, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows NT 4.0, Windows 2000, Windows XP Home Edition, Windows XP Professional, Windows Server 2003

_ui64tow

<stdlib.h>

Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows 98 Second Edition, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows NT 4.0, Windows 2000, Windows XP Home Edition, Windows XP Professional, Windows Server 2003

For more compatibility information, see Compatibility in the Introduction.

// crt_itoa.c
// compile with: /W3
// This program makes use of the _itoa functions
// in various examples.

#include <stdlib.h>

int main( void )
{
   char buffer[65];
   int r;
   for( r=10; r>=2; --r )
   {
     _itoa( -1, buffer, r ); // C4996
     // Note: _itoa is deprecated; consider using _itoa_s instead
     printf( "base %d: %s (%d chars)\n", r, buffer, strlen(buffer) );
   }
   printf( "\n" );
   for( r=10; r>=2; --r )
   {
     _i64toa( -1L, buffer, r ); // C4996
     // Note: _i64toa is deprecated; consider using _i64toa_s
     printf( "base %d: %s (%d chars)\n", r, buffer, strlen(buffer) );
   }
   printf( "\n" );
   for( r=10; r>=2; --r )
   {
     _ui64toa( 0xffffffffffffffffL, buffer, r ); // C4996
     // Note: _ui64toa is deprecated; consider using _ui64toa
     printf( "base %d: %s (%d chars)\n", r, buffer, strlen(buffer) );
   }
}

Output

base 10: -1 (2 chars)
base 9: 12068657453 (11 chars)
base 8: 37777777777 (11 chars)
base 7: 211301422353 (12 chars)
base 6: 1550104015503 (13 chars)
base 5: 32244002423140 (14 chars)
base 4: 3333333333333333 (16 chars)
base 3: 102002022201221111210 (21 chars)
base 2: 11111111111111111111111111111111 (32 chars)

base 10: -1 (2 chars)
base 9: 145808576354216723756 (21 chars)
base 8: 1777777777777777777777 (22 chars)
base 7: 45012021522523134134601 (23 chars)
base 6: 3520522010102100444244423 (25 chars)
base 5: 2214220303114400424121122430 (28 chars)
base 4: 33333333333333333333333333333333 (32 chars)
base 3: 11112220022122120101211020120210210211220 (41 chars)
base 2: 1111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 (64 chars)

base 10: 18446744073709551615 (20 chars)
base 9: 145808576354216723756 (21 chars)
base 8: 1777777777777777777777 (22 chars)
base 7: 45012021522523134134601 (23 chars)
base 6: 3520522010102100444244423 (25 chars)
base 5: 2214220303114400424121122430 (28 chars)
base 4: 33333333333333333333333333333333 (32 chars)
base 3: 11112220022122120101211020120210210211220 (41 chars)
base 2: 1111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 (64 chars)

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