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strcspn, wcscspn, _mbscspn, _mbscspn_l 

Returns the index of the first occurrence of a character in a string that belongs to a set of characters.


size_t strcspn(
   const char *str,
   const char *strCharSet 
);
size_t wcscspn(
   const wchar_t *str,
   const wchar_t *strCharSet 
);
size_t _mbscspn(
   const unsigned char *str,
   const unsigned char *strCharSet 
);
size_t _mbscspn(
   const unsigned char *str,
   const unsigned char *strCharSet,
   _locale_t locale
);

Parameters

str

Null-terminated searched string.

strCharSet

Null-terminated character set.

locale

Locale to use.

These functions return the index of the first character in str that is in strCharSet. If none of the characters in str is in strCharSet, then the return value is the length of str.

No return value is reserved to indicate an error.

wcscspn and _mbscspn are wide-character and multibyte-character versions of strcspn. The arguments of wcscspn are wide-character strings; those of _mbscspn are multibyte-character strings.

_mbscspn validates its parameters. If either str or strCharSet is a null pointer, the invalid parameter handler is invoked, as described in Parameter Validation. If execution is allowed to continue, the function returns 0 and sets errno to EINVAL. strcspn and wcscspn do not validate their parameters. These three functions behave identically otherwise.

The output value is affected by the setting of the LC_CTYPE category setting of the locale; see setlocale for more information. The versions of these functions without the _l suffix use the current locale for this locale-dependent behavior; the versions with the _l suffix are identical except that they use the locale parameter passed in instead.

Generic-Text Routine Mappings
TCHAR.H routine _UNICODE & _MBCS not defined _MBCS defined _UNICODE defined

_tcscspn

strcspn

_mbscspn

wcscspn

n/a

n/a

_mbscspn_l

n/a

Routine Required header Compatibility

strcspn

<string.h>

ANSI, Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows 98 Second Edition, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows NT 4.0, Windows 2000, Windows XP Home Edition, Windows XP Professional, Windows Server 2003

wcscspn

<string.h> or <wchar.h>

ANSI, Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows 98 Second Edition, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows NT 4.0, Windows 2000, Windows XP Home Edition, Windows XP Professional, Windows Server 2003

_mbscspn, _mbscspn_l

<mbstring.h>

Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows 98 Second Edition, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows NT 4.0, Windows 2000, Windows XP Home Edition, Windows XP Professional, Windows Server 2003

For additional compatibility information, see Compatibility in the Introduction.

// crt_strcspn.c

#include <string.h>
#include <stdio.h>

void test( const char * str, const char * strCharSet )
{
   int pos = strcspn( str, strCharSet );
   printf( "strcspn( \"%s\", \"%s\" ) = %d\n", str, strCharSet, pos );    
}

int main( void )
{
   test( "xyzbxz", "abc" );
   test( "xyzbxz", "xyz" );
   test( "xyzbxz", "no match" );
   test( "xyzbxz", "" );
   test( "", "abc" );
   test( "", "" );
}

Output

strcspn( "xyzbxz", "abc" ) = 3
strcspn( "xyzbxz", "xyz" ) = 0
strcspn( "xyzbxz", "no match" ) = 6
strcspn( "xyzbxz", "" ) = 6
strcspn( "", "abc" ) = 0
strcspn( "", "" ) = 0

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