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TextBlock class

Applies to Windows and Windows Phone

Provides a lightweight control for displaying small amounts of text.

Inheritance

Object
  DependencyObject
    UIElement
      FrameworkElement
        TextBlock

Syntax


public sealed class TextBlock : FrameworkElement


<TextBlock ...>text</TextBlock>
-or-
<TextBlock>
  oneOrMoreInlineElements
</TextBlock>
-or-
<TextBlock .../>

XAML Values

text

Inner text that is displayed in the TextBlock. This text becomes the value of the Text property. It also creates a single new Run object in the Inlines collection that holds the same text.

oneOrMoreInlineElements

One or more Run or LineBreak elements.

Attributes

[ContentProperty("Name=Text")]
[MarshalingBehavior(Agile)]
[Threading(Both)]
[Version(0x06020000)]
[WebHostHidden()]

Members

The TextBlock class has these types of members:

Constructors

The TextBlock class has these constructors.

ConstructorDescription
TextBlock Initializes a new instance of the TextBlock class.

 

Events

The TextBlock class has these events.

EventDescription
ContextMenuOpening Occurs when the system processes an interaction that displays a context menu.
DataContextChanged Occurs when the value of the FrameworkElement.DataContext property changes. (Inherited from FrameworkElement)
DoubleTapped Occurs when an otherwise unhandled DoubleTap interaction occurs over the hit test area of this element. (Inherited from UIElement)
DragEnter Occurs when the input system reports an underlying drag event with this element as the target. (Inherited from UIElement)
DragLeave Occurs when the input system reports an underlying drag event with this element as the origin. (Inherited from UIElement)
DragOver Occurs when the input system reports an underlying drag event with this element as the potential drop target. (Inherited from UIElement)
Drop Occurs when the input system reports an underlying drop event with this element as the drop target. (Inherited from UIElement)
GotFocus Occurs when a UIElement receives focus. (Inherited from UIElement)
Holding Occurs when an otherwise unhandled Hold interaction occurs over the hit test area of this element. (Inherited from UIElement)
KeyDown Occurs when a keyboard key is pressed while the UIElement has focus. (Inherited from UIElement)
KeyUp Occurs when a keyboard key is released while the UIElement has focus. (Inherited from UIElement)
LayoutUpdated Occurs when the layout of the visual tree changes, due to layout-relevant properties changing value or some other action that refreshes the layout. (Inherited from FrameworkElement)
Loaded Occurs when a FrameworkElement has been constructed and added to the object tree, and is ready for interaction. (Inherited from FrameworkElement)
LostFocus Occurs when a UIElement loses focus. (Inherited from UIElement)
ManipulationCompleted Occurs when a manipulation on the UIElement is complete. (Inherited from UIElement)
ManipulationDelta Occurs when the input device changes position during a manipulation. (Inherited from UIElement)
ManipulationInertiaStarting Occurs when the input device loses contact with the UIElement object during a manipulation and inertia begins. (Inherited from UIElement)
ManipulationStarted Occurs when an input device begins a manipulation on the UIElement. (Inherited from UIElement)
ManipulationStarting Occurs when the manipulation processor is first created. (Inherited from UIElement)
PointerCanceled Occurs when a pointer that made contact abnormally loses contact. (Inherited from UIElement)
PointerCaptureLost Occurs when pointer capture previously held by this element moves to another element or elsewhere. (Inherited from UIElement)
PointerEntered Occurs when a pointer enters the hit test area of this element. (Inherited from UIElement)
PointerExited Occurs when a pointer leaves the hit test area of this element. (Inherited from UIElement)
PointerMoved Occurs when a pointer moves while the pointer remains within the hit test area of this element. (Inherited from UIElement)
PointerPressed Occurs when the pointer device initiates a Press action within this element. (Inherited from UIElement)
PointerReleased Occurs when the pointer device that previously initiated a Press action is released, while within this element. (Inherited from UIElement)
PointerWheelChanged Occurs when the delta value of a pointer wheel changes. (Inherited from UIElement)
RightTapped Occurs when a right-tap input stimulus happens while the pointer is over the element. (Inherited from UIElement)
SelectionChanged Occurs when the text selection has changed.
SizeChanged Occurs when either the ActualHeight or the ActualWidth property changes value on a FrameworkElement. (Inherited from FrameworkElement)
Tapped Occurs when an otherwise unhandled Tap interaction occurs over the hit test area of this element. (Inherited from UIElement)
Unloaded Occurs when this object is no longer connected to the main object tree. (Inherited from FrameworkElement)

 

Methods

The TextBlock class has these methods. It also inherits methods from the Object class.

MethodDescription
AddHandler Adds a routed event handler for a specified routed event, adding the handler to the handler collection on the current element. Specify handledEventsToo as true to have the provided handler be invoked even if the event is handled elsewhere. (Inherited from UIElement)
Arrange Positions child objects and determines a size for a UIElement. Parent objects that implement custom layout for their child elements should call this method from their layout override implementations to form a recursive layout update. (Inherited from UIElement)
ArrangeOverride Provides the behavior for the Arrange pass of layout. Classes can override this method to define their own Arrange pass behavior. (Inherited from FrameworkElement)
CancelDirectManipulations Cancels ongoing direct manipulation processing (system-defined panning/zooming) on any ScrollViewer parent that contains the current UIElement. (Inherited from UIElement)
CapturePointer Sets pointer capture to a UIElement. Once captured, only the element that has capture will fire pointer-related events. (Inherited from UIElement)
ClearValue Clears the local value of a dependency property. (Inherited from DependencyObject)
FindName Retrieves an object that has the specified identifier name. (Inherited from FrameworkElement)
FindSubElementsForTouchTargeting Enables a UIElement subclass to expose child elements that assist with resolving touch targeting. (Inherited from UIElement)
Focus Focuses the TextBlock, as if it were a conventionally focusable control.
GetAnimationBaseValue Returns any base value established for a dependency property, which would apply in cases where an animation is not active. (Inherited from DependencyObject)
GetBindingExpression Returns the BindingExpression that represents the binding on the specified property. (Inherited from FrameworkElement)
GetValue Returns the current effective value of a dependency property from a DependencyObject. (Inherited from DependencyObject)
GoToElementStateCore When implemented in a derived class, enables per-state construction of a visual tree for a control template in code, rather than by loading XAML for all states at control startup. (Inherited from FrameworkElement)
InvalidateArrange Invalidates the arrange state (layout) for a UIElement. After the invalidation, the UIElement will have its layout updated, which will occur asynchronously. (Inherited from UIElement)
InvalidateMeasure Invalidates the measurement state (layout) for a UIElement. (Inherited from UIElement)
Measure Updates the DesiredSize of a UIElement. Typically, objects that implement custom layout for their layout children call this method from their own MeasureOverride implementations to form a recursive layout update. (Inherited from UIElement)
MeasureOverride Provides the behavior for the Measure pass of the layout cycle. Classes can override this method to define their own Measure pass behavior. (Inherited from FrameworkElement)
OnApplyTemplate Invoked whenever application code or internal processes (such as a rebuilding layout pass) call ApplyTemplate. In simplest terms, this means the method is called just before a UI element displays in your app. Override this method to influence the default post-template logic of a class. (Inherited from FrameworkElement)
OnCreateAutomationPeer When implemented in a derived class, returns class-specific AutomationPeer implementations for the Microsoft UI Automation infrastructure. (Inherited from UIElement)
OnDisconnectVisualChildren Override this method to implement how layout and logic should behave when items are removed from a class-specific content or children property. (Inherited from UIElement)
ReadLocalValue Returns the local value of a dependency property, if a local value is set. (Inherited from DependencyObject)
ReleasePointerCapture Releases pointer captures for capture of one specific pointer by this UIElement. (Inherited from UIElement)
ReleasePointerCaptures Releases all pointer captures held by this element. (Inherited from UIElement)
RemoveHandler Removes the specified routed event handler from this UIElement. Typically the handler in question was added by AddHandler. (Inherited from UIElement)
Select Selects a range of text in the TextBlock.
SelectAll Selects the entire contents in the TextBlock.
SetBinding Attaches a binding to a FrameworkElement, using the provided binding object. (Inherited from FrameworkElement)
SetValue Sets the local value of a dependency property on a DependencyObject. (Inherited from DependencyObject)
TransformToVisual Returns a transform object that can be used to transform coordinates from the UIElement to the specified object. (Inherited from UIElement)
UpdateLayout Ensures that all positions of child objects of a UIElement are properly updated for layout. (Inherited from UIElement)

 

Properties

The TextBlock class has these properties.

PropertyAccess typeDescription

ActualHeight

Read-onlyGets the rendered height of a FrameworkElement. (Inherited from FrameworkElement)

ActualWidth

Read-onlyGets the rendered width of a FrameworkElement. (Inherited from FrameworkElement)

AllowDrop

Read/writeGets or sets a value that determines whether this UIElement can be a drop target for purposes of drag-and-drop operations. (Inherited from UIElement)

BaselineOffset

Read-onlyReturns a value by which each line of text is offset from a baseline.

BaseUri

Read-onlyGets a Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) that represents the base Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) for an XAML-constructed object at XAML load time. This property is useful for Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) resolution at run time. (Inherited from FrameworkElement)

CacheMode

Read/writeGets or sets a value that indicates that rendered content should be cached as a composited bitmap when possible. (Inherited from UIElement)

CharacterSpacing

Read/writeGets or sets the uniform spacing between characters, in units of 1/1000 of an em.

CharacterSpacingProperty

Read-onlyIdentifies the CharacterSpacing dependency property.

Clip

Read/writeGets or sets the RectangleGeometry used to define the outline of the contents of a UIElement. (Inherited from UIElement)

CompositeMode

Read/writeGets or sets a property that declares alternate composition and blending modes for the element in its parent layout and window. This is relevant for elements that are involved in a mixed XAML / Microsoft DirectX UI. (Inherited from UIElement)

ContentEnd

Read-onlyGets a TextPointer object for the end of text content in the TextBlock.

ContentStart

Read-onlyGets a TextPointer object for the start of text content in the TextBlock.

DataContext

Read/writeGets or sets the data context for a FrameworkElement when it participates in data binding. (Inherited from FrameworkElement)

DesiredSize

Read-onlyGets the size that this UIElement computed during the measure pass of the layout process. (Inherited from UIElement)

Dispatcher

Read-onlyGets the CoreDispatcher that this object is associated with. The CoreDispatcher represents a facility that can access the DependencyObject on the UI thread even if the code is initiated by a non-UI thread. (Inherited from DependencyObject)

FlowDirection

Read/writeGets or sets the direction in which text and other UI elements flow within any parent element that controls their layout. This property can be set to either LeftToRight or RightToLeft. Setting FlowDirection to RightToLeft on any element sets the alignment to the right, the reading order to right-to-left and the layout of the control to flow from right to left. (Inherited from FrameworkElement)

FontFamily

Read/writeGets or sets the preferred top-level font family for the text content in this element.

FontFamilyProperty

Read-onlyIdentifies the FontFamily dependency property.

FontSize

Read/writeGets or sets the font size for the text content in this element.

FontSizeProperty

Read-onlyIdentifies the FontSize dependency property.

FontStretch

Read/writeGets or sets the font stretch for the text content in this element.

FontStretchProperty

Read-onlyIdentifies the FontStretch dependency property.

FontStyle

Read/writeGets or sets the font style for the content in this element.

FontStyleProperty

Read-onlyIdentifies the FontStyle dependency property.

FontWeight

Read/writeGets or sets the top-level font weight for the TextBlock.

FontWeightProperty

Read-onlyIdentifies the FontWeight dependency property.

Foreground

Read/writeGets or sets the Brush to apply to the text contents of the TextBlock.

ForegroundProperty

Read-onlyIdentifies the Foreground dependency property.

Height

Read/writeGets or sets the suggested height of a FrameworkElement. (Inherited from FrameworkElement)

HorizontalAlignment

Read/writeGets or sets the horizontal alignment characteristics that are applied to a FrameworkElement when it is composed in a layout parent, such as a panel or items control. (Inherited from FrameworkElement)

Inlines

Read-onlyGets the collection of inline text elements within a TextBlock.

IsColorFontEnabled

Read/writeGets or sets a value that determines whether font glyphs that contain color layers, such as Segoe UI Emoji, are rendered in color.

IsColorFontEnabledProperty

Read-onlyIdentifies the IsColorFontEnabled dependency property.

IsDoubleTapEnabled

Read/writeGets or sets a value that determines whether the DoubleTapped event can originate from that element. (Inherited from UIElement)

IsHitTestVisible

Read/writeGets or sets whether the contained area of this UIElement can return true values for hit testing. (Inherited from UIElement)

IsHoldingEnabled

Read/writeGets or sets a value that determines whether the Holding event can originate from that element. (Inherited from UIElement)

IsRightTapEnabled

Read/writeGets or sets a value that determines whether the RightTapped event can originate from that element. (Inherited from UIElement)

IsTapEnabled

Read/writeGets or sets a value that determines whether the Tapped event can originate from that element. (Inherited from UIElement)

IsTextScaleFactorEnabled

Read/writeGets or sets whether automatic text enlargement, to reflect the system text size setting, is enabled.

IsTextScaleFactorEnabledProperty

Read-onlyIdentifies the IsTextScaleFactorEnabled dependency property.

IsTextSelectionEnabled

Read/writeGets or sets a value that indicates whether text selection is enabled in the TextBlock, either through user action or calling selection-related API.

IsTextSelectionEnabledProperty

Read-onlyIdentifies the IsTextSelectionEnabled dependency property.

Language

Read/writeGets or sets localization/globalization language information that applies to a FrameworkElement, and also to all child elements of the current FrameworkElement in the object representation and in UI. (Inherited from FrameworkElement)

LineHeight

Read/writeGets or sets the height of each line of content.

LineHeightProperty

Read-onlyIdentifies the LineHeight dependency property.

LineStackingStrategy

Read/writeGets or sets a value that indicates how a line box is determined for each line of text in the TextBlock.

LineStackingStrategyProperty

Read-onlyIdentifies the LineStackingStrategy dependency property.

ManipulationMode

Read/writeGets or sets the ManipulationModes value used for UIElement behavior and interaction with gestures. Setting this value enables handling the manipulation events from this element in app code. (Inherited from UIElement)

Margin

Read/writeGets or sets the outer margin of a FrameworkElement. (Inherited from FrameworkElement)

MaxHeight

Read/writeGets or sets the maximum height constraint of a FrameworkElement. (Inherited from FrameworkElement)

MaxLines

Read/writeGets or sets the maximum lines of text shown in the TextBlock.

MaxLinesProperty

Read-onlyIdentifies the MaxLines dependency property.

MaxWidth

Read/writeGets or sets the maximum width constraint of a FrameworkElement. (Inherited from FrameworkElement)

MinHeight

Read/writeGets or sets the minimum height constraint of a FrameworkElement. (Inherited from FrameworkElement)

MinWidth

Read/writeGets or sets the minimum width constraint of a FrameworkElement. (Inherited from FrameworkElement)

Name

Read/writeGets or sets the identifying name of the object. When a XAML processor creates the object tree from XAML markup, run-time code can refer to the XAML-declared object by this name. (Inherited from FrameworkElement)

Opacity

Read/writeGets or sets the degree of the object's opacity. (Inherited from UIElement)

OpticalMarginAlignment

Read/writeGet or sets a value that indicates how the font is modified to align with fonts of different sizes.

OpticalMarginAlignmentProperty

Read-onlyIdentifies the OpticalMarginAlignment dependency property.

Padding

Read/writeGets or sets a value that indicates the thickness of padding space between the boundaries of the content area and the content displayed by a TextBlock.

PaddingProperty

Read-onlyIdentifies the Padding dependency property.

Parent

Read-onlyGets the parent object of this FrameworkElement in the object tree. (Inherited from FrameworkElement)

PointerCaptures

Read-onlyGets the set of all captured pointers, represented as Pointer values. (Inherited from UIElement)

Projection

Read/writeGets or sets the perspective projection (3-D effect) to apply when rendering this element. (Inherited from UIElement)

RenderSize

Read-onlyGets the final render size of a UIElement. (Inherited from UIElement)

RenderTransform

Read/writeGets or sets transform information that affects the rendering position of a UIElement. (Inherited from UIElement)

RenderTransformOrigin

Read/writeGets or sets the origin point of any possible render transform declared by RenderTransform, relative to the bounds of the UIElement. (Inherited from UIElement)

RequestedTheme

Read/writeGets or sets the UI theme that is used by the UIElement (and its child elements) for resource determination. The UI theme you specify with RequestedTheme can override the app-level RequestedTheme. (Inherited from FrameworkElement)

Resources

Read/writeGets the locally defined resource dictionary. In XAML, you can establish resource items as child object elements of a frameworkElement.Resources property element, through XAML implicit collection syntax. (Inherited from FrameworkElement)

SelectedText

Read-onlyGets a text range of selected text.

SelectedTextProperty

Read-onlyIdentifies the SelectedText dependency property.

SelectionEnd

Read-onlyGets the end position of the text selected in the TextBlock.

SelectionHighlightColor

Read/writeGets or sets the brush used to highlight the selected text.

SelectionHighlightColorProperty

Read-onlyIdentifies the SelectionHighlightColor dependency property.

SelectionStart

Read-onlyGets the starting position of the text selected in the TextBlock.

Style

Read/writeGets or sets an instance Style that is applied for this object during layout and rendering. (Inherited from FrameworkElement)

Tag

Read/writeGets or sets an arbitrary object value that can be used to store custom information about this object. (Inherited from FrameworkElement)

Text

Read/writeGets or sets the text contents of a TextBlock.

TextAlignment

Read/writeGets or sets a value that indicates the horizontal alignment of text content.

TextAlignmentProperty

Read-onlyIdentifies the TextAlignment dependency property.

TextLineBounds

Read/writeGets or sets a value that indicates how the line box height is determined for each line of text in the TextBlock.

TextLineBoundsProperty

Read-onlyIdentifies the TextLineBounds dependency property.

TextProperty

Read-onlyIdentifies the Text dependency property.

TextReadingOrder

Read/writeGets or sets a value that indicates how the reading order is determined for the TextBlock.

TextReadingOrderProperty

Read-onlyIdentifies the TextReadingOrder dependency property.

TextTrimming

Read/writeGets or sets the text trimming behavior to employ when content overflows the content area.

TextTrimmingProperty

Read-onlyIdentifies the TextTrimming dependency property.

TextWrapping

Read/writeGets or sets how the TextBlock wraps text.

TextWrappingProperty

Read-onlyIdentifies the TextWrapping dependency property.

Transitions

Read/writeGets or sets the collection of Transition style elements that apply to a UIElement. (Inherited from UIElement)

Triggers

Read-onlyGets the collection of triggers for animations that are defined for a FrameworkElement. Not commonly used. (Inherited from FrameworkElement)

UseLayoutRounding

Read/writeGets or sets a value that determines whether rendering for the object and its visual subtree should use rounding behavior that aligns rendering to whole pixels. (Inherited from UIElement)

VerticalAlignment

Read/writeGets or sets the vertical alignment characteristics that are applied to a FrameworkElement when it is composed in a parent object such as a panel or items control. (Inherited from FrameworkElement)

Visibility

Read/writeGets or sets the visibility of a UIElement. A UIElement that is not visible is not rendered and does not communicate its desired size to layout. (Inherited from UIElement)

Width

Read/writeGets or sets the width of a FrameworkElement. (Inherited from FrameworkElement)

 

Remarks

TextBlock is a control that displays read-only text.

Text block control

Examples

The following example shows how to use the LineStackingStrategy property to determine how the line boxes are created for text lines of a TextBlock. The first TextBlock has a LineStackingStrategy value of MaxHeight and the second TextBlock has a value of BlockLineHeight.


<StackPanel>

<!-- This TextBlock has a LineStackingStrategy set to "MaxHeight". -->
<TextBlock FontFamily="Verdana"
           LineStackingStrategy="MaxHeight" 
           LineHeight="10" 
           Width="500" 
           TextWrapping="Wrap" >
    Use the <Run FontSize="30">LineStackingStrategy</Run> property to determine how a line box is
    created for each line. A value of <Run FontSize="20">MaxHeight</Run> specifies that the stack
    height is the smallest value that contains all the inline elements on that line when those
    elements are properly aligned. A value of <Run FontSize="20">BlockLineHeight</Run> specifies
    that the stack height is determined by the block element LineHeight property value.
</TextBlock>

    <!-- With a margin pushing down 20 pixels, draw a line just above the second textblock. -->
    <!-- The fonts will reach above the LineHeight size and over the line. -->
<StackPanel Margin="0,20,0,0" HorizontalAlignment="Center">
    <Line Stroke="Green"  X2="500" />
</StackPanel>

            <!-- Here is the same TextBlock but the LineStackingStrategy is set to "BlockLineHeight". -->
<TextBlock FontFamily="Verdana"
           LineStackingStrategy="BlockLineHeight" 
           LineHeight="10" 
           Width="500" 
           TextWrapping="Wrap">
    Use the <Run FontSize="30">LineStackingStrategy</Run> property to determine how a line box is
    created for each line. A value of <Run FontSize="20">MaxHeight</Run> specifies that the stack
    height is the smallest value that contains all the inline elements on that line when those
    elements are properly aligned. A value of <Run FontSize="20">BlockLineHeight</Run> specifies
    that the stack height is determined by the block element LineHeight property value.
</TextBlock>

</StackPanel>


Requirements

Minimum supported client

Windows 8 [Windows Store apps only]

Minimum supported server

Windows Server 2012 [Windows Store apps only]

Minimum supported phone

Windows Phone 8.1 [Windows Runtime apps only]

Namespace

Windows.UI.Xaml.Controls
Windows::UI::Xaml::Controls [C++]

Metadata

Windows.winmd

See also

FrameworkElement
Quickstart: Displaying text
Quickstart: Data binding to controls
Related controls
RichTextBlock
TextBox
Controls list
Controls by function

 

 

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