Tlbimp.exe (Type Library Importer)
The Type Library Importer converts the type definitions found within a COM type library into equivalent definitions in a common language runtime assembly. The output of Tlbimp.exe is a binary file (an assembly) that contains runtime metadata for the types defined within the original type library. You can examine this file with tools such as Ildasm.exe.
This tool is automatically installed with Visual Studio and with the Windows SDK. To run the tool, we recommend that you use the Visual Studio Command Prompt or the Windows SDK Command Prompt (CMD Shell). These utilities enable you to run the tool easily, without navigating to the installation folder. For more information, see Visual Studio and Windows SDK Command Prompts.
If you have Visual Studio installed on your computer: On the taskbar, click Start, click All Programs, click Visual Studio, click Visual Studio Tools, and then click Visual Studio Command Prompt.
If you have the Windows SDK installed on your computer: On the taskbar, click Start, click All Programs, click the folder for the Windows SDK, and then click Command Prompt (or CMD Shell).
At the command prompt, type the following:
The name of any file that contains a COM type library.
Specifies the version number of the assembly to produce. Specify versionnumber in the format major.minor.build.revision.
Adds company information to the output assembly.
Adds copyright information to the output assembly. This information can be viewed in the File Properties dialog box for the assembly.
Specifies to Tlbimp.exe to sign the resulting assembly with a strong name using delayed signing. You must specify this option with either the /keycontainer:, /keyfile:, or /publickey: option. For more information on the delayed signing process, see Delay Signing an Assembly.
Displays command syntax and options for the tool.
Signs the resulting assembly with a strong name using the public/private key pair found in the key container specified by containername.
Signs the resulting assembly with a strong name using the publisher's official public/private key pair found in filename.
Creates an assembly that targets the specified machine type (microprocessor). Supported machine types: x86, x64, Itanium, and Agnostic.
Specifies the namespace in which to produce the assembly.
Prevents Tlbimp.exe from adding members to classes. This avoids a potential TypeLoadException.
Suppresses the Microsoft startup banner display.
Specifies the name of the output file, assembly, and namespace in which to write the metadata definitions. The /out option has no effect on the assembly's namespace if the type library specifies the Interface Definition Language (IDL) custom attribute that explicitly controls the assembly's namespace. If you do not specify this option, Tlbimp.exe writes the metadata to a file with the same name as the actual type library defined within the input file and assigns it a .dll extension. If the output file is the same name as the input file, the tool generates an error to prevent overwriting the type library.
Produces a primary interop assembly for the specified type library. Information is added to the assembly indicating that the publisher of the type library produced the assembly. By specifying a primary interop assembly, you differentiate a publisher's assembly from any other assemblies that are created from the type library using Tlbimp.exe. You should only use the /primary option if you are the publisher of the type library that you are importing with Tlbimp.exe. Note that you must sign a primary interop assembly with a strong name. For more information, see Primary Interop Assemblies.
Adds product information to the output assembly. This information can be viewed in the File Properties dialog box for the assembly.
Adds product version information to the output assembly. There are no format restrictions. This information can be viewed in the File Properties dialog box for the assembly.
Specifies the file containing the public key to use to sign the resulting assembly. If you specify the /keyfile: or /keycontainer: option instead of /publickey:, Tlbimp.exe generates the public key from the public/private key pair supplied with /keyfile: or /keycontainer:. The /publickey: option supports test key and delay signing scenarios. The file is in the format generated by Sn.exe. For more information, see the -p option of Sn.exe in Strong Name Tool (Sn.exe).
Specifies the assembly file to use to resolve references to types defined outside the current type library. If you do not specify the /reference option, Tlbimp.exe automatically recursively imports any external type library that the type library being imported references. If you specify the /reference option, the tool attempts to resolve external types in the referenced assemblies before it imports other type libraries.
Suppresses the display of the specified warning. This option cannot be used with /silent.
Suppresses the display of success messages. This option cannot be used with /silence.
Does not import a type library if the tool cannot resolve all references within the current assembly, the assemblies specified with the /reference option, or registered primary interop assemblies (PIAs).
Same as /strictref, but ignores PIAs.
Specifies to the tool to import a COM style SafeArray as a managed System.Array Class type.
Specifies the type library file to use to resolve type library references without consulting the registry.
Note that this option will not load some older type library formats. However, you can still load older type library formats implicitly through the registry or current directory.
Adds trademark information to the output assembly. This information can be viewed in the File Properties dialog box for the assembly.
Transforms metadata as specified by the transformname parameter.
Specify dispret for the transformname parameter to transform [out, retval] parameters of methods on dispatch-only interfaces (dispinterfaces) into return values.
For more information about this option, see the examples later in this topic.
Produces interfaces without .NET Framework security checks. Calling a method that is exposed in this way might pose a security risk. You should not use this option unless you are aware of the risks of exposing such code.
Specifies verbose mode; displays additional information about the imported type library.
Converts VARIANT_BOOL fields in structures to Boolean.
Displays command syntax and options for the tool.
The command-line options for Tlbimp.exe are case-insensitive and can be supplied in any order. You only need to specify enough of the option to uniquely identify it. Therefore, /n is equivalent to /nologo and /ou:outfile.dll is equivalent to /out:outfile.dll.
Tlbimp.exe performs conversions on an entire type library at one time. You cannot use the tool to generate type information for a subset of the types defined within a single type library.
It is often useful or necessary to be able to assign strong names to assemblies. Therefore, Tlbimp.exe includes options for supplying the information necessary to generate strongly named assemblies. Both the /keyfile: and /keycontainer: options sign assemblies with strong names. Therefore, it is logical to supply only one of these options at a time.
You can specify multiple reference assemblies by using the /reference option multiple times.
A resource ID can optionally be appended to a type library file when importing a type library from a module containing multiple type libraries. Tlbimp.exe is able to locate this file only if it is in the current directory or if you specify the full path. See the example later in this topic.
The following command generates an assembly with the same name as the type library found in myTest.tlb and with the .dll extension.
The following command generates an assembly with the name myTest.dll.
tlbimp myTest.tlb /out:myTest.dll
The following command generates an assembly with the same name as the type library specified by MyModule.dll\1 and with the .dll extension. MyModule.dll\1 must be located in the current directory.
The following command generates an assembly with the name myTestLib.dll for the type library TestLib.dll. The /transform:dispret option transforms any [out, retval] parameters of methods on dispinterfaces in the type library into return values in the managed library.
tlbimp TestLib.dll /transform:dispret /out:myTestLib.dll
The type library TestLib.dll, in the preceding example, includes a dispinterface method named SomeMethod that returns void and has an [out, retval] parameter. The following code is the input type library method signature for SomeMethod in TestLib.dll.
void SomeMethod([out, retval] VARIANT_BOOL*);
Specifying the /transform:dispret option causes Tlbimp.exe to transform the [out, retval] parameter of SomeMethod into a bool return value. The following is the method signature that Tlbimp.exe produces for SomeMethod in the managed library myTestLib.dll when the /transform:dispret option is specified.
If you use Tlbimp.exe to produce a managed library for TestLib.dll without specifying the /transform:dispret, the tool produces the following method signature for SomeMethod in the managed library myTestLib.dll.