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XmlAttributes.Xmlns Property

Gets or sets a value that specifies whether to keep all namespace declarations when an object containing a member that returns an XmlSerializerNamespaces object is overridden.

Namespace:  System.Xml.Serialization
Assembly:  System.Xml (in System.Xml.dll)

public bool Xmlns { get; set; }

Property Value

Type: System.Boolean
true if the namespace declarations should be kept; otherwise, false.

The following example contains a class named Student. The class contains a member named MyNamespaces that returns an XmlSerializerNamespaces object. The example creates an XmlAttributes object that is added to an instance of the XmlAttributeOverrides class. The Xmlns property is set to true, which instructs the XmlSerializer to preserve the namespaces when the serialization of the Student object is overridden.


using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Xml;
using System.Xml.Serialization; 

public class Student
{
    [XmlAttributeAttribute]
    public string Name;

    [XmlNamespaceDeclarationsAttribute]
    public XmlSerializerNamespaces myNamespaces;

}

public class Run
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        Run test = new Run();
        test.SerializeStudent("Student.xml");
        test.DeserializeStudent("Student.xml");
    }

    public void SerializeStudent(string filename)
    {
        XmlAttributes atts = new XmlAttributes();
        // Set to true to preserve namespaces, 
	// or false to ignore them.
        atts.Xmlns=true;

        XmlAttributeOverrides xover = new XmlAttributeOverrides();
        // Add the XmlAttributes and specify the name of the element 
	// containing namespaces.
        xover.Add(typeof(Student),"myNamespaces", atts);
        // Create the XmlSerializer using the 
		// XmlAttributeOverrides object.
        XmlSerializer xser = new XmlSerializer(typeof (Student),xover);

        Student myStudent = new Student();
        XmlSerializerNamespaces ns = new XmlSerializerNamespaces();
        ns.Add("myns1", "http://www.cpandl.com");
        ns.Add("myns2", "http://www.cohowinery.com");
        myStudent.myNamespaces= ns;
        myStudent.Name= "Student1";

        FileStream fs = new FileStream(filename,FileMode.Create);

        xser.Serialize(fs,myStudent);
        fs.Close();

    }

    private void DeserializeStudent(string filename)
    {
        XmlAttributes atts = new XmlAttributes();
        // Set to true to preserve namespaces, or false to ignore them.
        atts.Xmlns=true;

        XmlAttributeOverrides xover = new XmlAttributeOverrides();
        // Add the XmlAttributes and specify the name of the 
        // element containing namespaces.
        xover.Add(typeof(Student),"myNamespaces", atts);

        // Create the XmlSerializer using the 
        // XmlAttributeOverrides object.
        XmlSerializer xser = 
        new XmlSerializer(typeof (Student),xover);

        FileStream fs = new FileStream(filename,FileMode.Open);

        Student myStudent;
        myStudent= (Student) xser.Deserialize(fs);
        fs.Close();

        // Use the ToArray method to get an array of 
        // XmlQualifiedName objects.
        XmlQualifiedName[] qNames= myStudent.myNamespaces.ToArray();
        for(int i = 0; i < qNames.Length;i++)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("{0}:{1}", 
	    qNames[i].Name,qNames[i].Namespace);
        }
    }
}


.NET Framework

Supported in: 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Portable Class Library

Supported in: Portable Class Library

Windows 7, Windows Vista SP1 or later, Windows XP SP3, Windows XP SP2 x64 Edition, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core supported with SP1 or later), Windows Server 2003 SP2

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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