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XmlSchemaInfo Class

Note: This class is new in the .NET Framework version 2.0.

Represents the post-schema-validation infoset of a validated XML node.

Namespace: System.Xml.Schema
Assembly: System.Xml (in system.xml.dll)

public class XmlSchemaInfo : IXmlSchemaInfo
public class XmlSchemaInfo implements IXmlSchemaInfo
public class XmlSchemaInfo implements IXmlSchemaInfo

The following example validates the contosoBooks.xml file against the contosoBooks.xsd schema. The example uses the XmlSerializer class to deserialize the contosoBooks.xml file and pass the value of the nodes to the methods of the XmlSchemaValidator class.

using System;
using System.Xml;
using System.Xml.Schema;
using System.Xml.Serialization;

namespace Microsoft.Samples.Xml.Schema
{
    class XmlSchemaValidatorExamples
    {
        static void Main()
        {
            // The XML document to deserialize into the XmlSerializer object.
            XmlReader reader = XmlReader.Create("contosoBooks.xml");

            // The XmlSerializer object.
            XmlSerializer serializer = new XmlSerializer(typeof(ContosoBooks));
            ContosoBooks books = (ContosoBooks)serializer.Deserialize(reader);

            // The XmlSchemaSet object containing the schema used to validate the XML document.
            XmlSchemaSet schemaSet = new XmlSchemaSet();
            schemaSet.Add("http://www.contoso.com/books", "contosoBooks.xsd");

            // The XmlNamespaceManager object used to handle namespaces.
            XmlNamespaceManager manager = new XmlNamespaceManager(reader.NameTable);

            // Assign a ValidationEventHandler to handle schema validation warnings and errors.
            XmlSchemaValidator validator = new XmlSchemaValidator(reader.NameTable, schemaSet, manager, XmlSchemaValidationFlags.None);
            validator.ValidationEventHandler += new ValidationEventHandler(SchemaValidationEventHandler);

            // Initialize the XmlSchemaValidator object.
            validator.Initialize();

            // Validate the bookstore element, verify that all required attributes are present
            // and prepare to validate child content.
            validator.ValidateElement("bookstore", "http://www.contoso.com/books", null);
            validator.ValidateEndOfAttributes(null);

            // Get the next exptected element in the bookstore context.
            XmlSchemaParticle[] particles = validator.GetExpectedParticles();
            XmlSchemaElement nextElement = particles[0] as XmlSchemaElement;
            Console.WriteLine("Expected Element: '{0}'", nextElement.Name);

            foreach (BookType book in books.Book)
            {
                // Validate the book element.
                validator.ValidateElement("book", "http://www.contoso.com/books", null);

                // Get the exptected attributes for the book element.
                Console.Write("\nExpected attributes: ");
                XmlSchemaAttribute[] attributes = validator.GetExpectedAttributes();
                foreach (XmlSchemaAttribute attribute in attributes)
                {
                    Console.Write("'{0}' ", attribute.Name);
                }
                Console.WriteLine();

                // Validate the genre attribute and display it's post schema validation information.
                if (book.Genre != null)
                {
                    validator.ValidateAttribute("genre", "", book.Genre, schemaInfo);
                }
                DisplaySchemaInfo();

                // Validate the publicationdate attribute and display it's post schema validation information.
                if (book.PublicationDate != null)
                {
                    validator.ValidateAttribute("publicationdate", "", dateTimeGetter(book.PublicationDate), schemaInfo);
                }
                DisplaySchemaInfo();

                // Validate the ISBN attribute and display it's post schema validation information.
                if (book.Isbn != null)
                {
                    validator.ValidateAttribute("ISBN", "", book.Isbn, schemaInfo);
                }
                DisplaySchemaInfo();

                // Verify that all required attributes of the book element are present
                // and prepare to validate child content.
                validator.ValidateEndOfAttributes(null);

                // Validate the title element and it's content.
                validator.ValidateElement("title", "http://www.contoso.com/books", null);
                validator.ValidateEndElement(null, book.Title);

                // Validate the author element, verify that all required attributes are present
                // and prepare to validate child content.
                validator.ValidateElement("author", "http://www.contoso.com/books", null);
                validator.ValidateEndOfAttributes(null);

                if (book.Author.Name != null)
                {
                    // Validate the name element and it's content.
                    validator.ValidateElement("name", "http://www.contoso.com/books", null);
                    validator.ValidateEndElement(null, book.Author.Name);
                }

                if (book.Author.FirstName != null)
                {
                    // Validate the first-name element and it's content.
                    validator.ValidateElement("first-name", "http://www.contoso.com/books", null);
                    validator.ValidateEndElement(null, book.Author.FirstName);

                }

                if (book.Author.LastName != null)
                {
                    // Validate the last-name element and it's content.
                    validator.ValidateElement("last-name", "http://www.contoso.com/books", null);
                    validator.ValidateEndElement(null, book.Author.LastName);
                }

                // Validate the content of the author element.
                validator.ValidateEndElement(null);

                // Validate the price element and it's content.
                validator.ValidateElement("price", "http://www.contoso.com/books", null);
                validator.ValidateEndElement(null, book.Price);

                // Validate the content of the book element.
                validator.ValidateEndElement(null);
            }

            // Validate the content of the bookstore element.
            validator.ValidateEndElement(null);

            // Close the XmlReader object.
            reader.Close();
        }

        static XmlSchemaInfo schemaInfo = new XmlSchemaInfo();
        static object dateTimeGetterContent;

        static object dateTimeGetterHandle()
        {
            return dateTimeGetterContent;
        }

        static XmlValueGetter dateTimeGetter(DateTime dateTime)
        {
            dateTimeGetterContent = dateTime;
            return new XmlValueGetter(dateTimeGetterHandle);
        }

        static void DisplaySchemaInfo()
        {
            if (schemaInfo.SchemaElement != null)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Element '{0}' with type '{1}' is '{2}'",
                    schemaInfo.SchemaElement.Name, schemaInfo.SchemaType, schemaInfo.Validity);
            }
            else if (schemaInfo.SchemaAttribute != null)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Attribute '{0}' with type '{1}' is '{2}'",
                    schemaInfo.SchemaAttribute.Name, schemaInfo.SchemaType, schemaInfo.Validity);
            }
        }

        static void SchemaValidationEventHandler(object sender, ValidationEventArgs e)
        {
            switch (e.Severity)
            {
                case XmlSeverityType.Error:
                    Console.WriteLine("\nError: {0}", e.Message);
                    break;
                case XmlSeverityType.Warning:
                    Console.WriteLine("\nWarning: {0}", e.Message);
                    break;
            }
        }
    }

    [XmlRootAttribute("bookstore", Namespace = "http://www.contoso.com/books", IsNullable = false)]
    public class ContosoBooks
    {
        [XmlElementAttribute("book")]
        public BookType[] Book;
    }

    public class BookType
    {
        [XmlAttributeAttribute("genre")]
        public string Genre;

        [XmlAttributeAttribute("publicationdate", DataType = "date")]
        public DateTime PublicationDate;

        [XmlAttributeAttribute("ISBN")]
        public string Isbn;

        [XmlElementAttribute("title")]
        public string Title;

        [XmlElementAttribute("author")]
        public BookAuthor Author;

        [XmlElementAttribute("price")]
        public Decimal Price;
    }

    public class BookAuthor
    {
        [XmlElementAttribute("name")]
        public string Name;

        [XmlElementAttribute("first-name")]
        public string FirstName;

        [XmlElementAttribute("last-name")]
        public string LastName;
    }
}

The example takes the contosoBooks.xml file as input.

<bookstore xmlns="http://www.contoso.com/books">
    <book genre="autobiography" publicationdate="1981-03-22" ISBN="1-861003-11-0">
        <title>The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin</title>
        <author>
            <first-name>Benjamin</first-name>
            <last-name>Franklin</last-name>
        </author>
        <price>8.99</price>
    </book>
    <book genre="novel" publicationdate="1967-11-17" ISBN="0-201-63361-2">
        <title>The Confidence Man</title>
        <author>
            <first-name>Herman</first-name>
            <last-name>Melville</last-name>
        </author>
        <price>11.99</price>
    </book>
    <book genre="philosophy" publicationdate="1991-02-15" ISBN="1-861001-57-6">
        <title>The Gorgias</title>
        <author>
            <name>Plato</name>
        </author>
        <price>9.99</price>
    </book>
</bookstore>

The example also takes the contosoBooks.xsd as an input.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<xs:schema attributeFormDefault="unqualified" elementFormDefault="qualified" targetNamespace="http://www.contoso.com/books" xmlns:xs="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema">
    <xs:element name="bookstore">
        <xs:complexType>
            <xs:sequence>
                <xs:element maxOccurs="unbounded" name="book">
                    <xs:complexType>
                        <xs:sequence>
                            <xs:element name="title" type="xs:string" />
                            <xs:element name="author">
                                <xs:complexType>
                                    <xs:sequence>
                                        <xs:element minOccurs="0" name="name" type="xs:string" />
                                        <xs:element minOccurs="0" name="first-name" type="xs:string" />
                                        <xs:element minOccurs="0" name="last-name" type="xs:string" />
                                    </xs:sequence>
                                </xs:complexType>
                            </xs:element>
                            <xs:element name="price" type="xs:decimal" />
                        </xs:sequence>
                        <xs:attribute name="genre" type="xs:string" use="required" />
                        <xs:attribute name="publicationdate" type="xs:date" use="required" />
                        <xs:attribute name="ISBN" type="xs:string" use="required" />
                    </xs:complexType>
                </xs:element>
            </xs:sequence>
        </xs:complexType>
    </xs:element>
</xs:schema>

System.Object
  System.Xml.Schema.XmlSchemaInfo
Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

Windows 98, Windows 2000 SP4, Windows CE, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows Mobile for Pocket PC, Windows Mobile for Smartphone, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 2.0

.NET Compact Framework

Supported in: 2.0
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