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ListView.View Property

Gets or sets how items are displayed in the control.

[Visual Basic]
Public Property View As View
[C#]
public View View {get; set;}
[C++]
public: __property View get_View();
public: __property void set_View(View);
[JScript]
public function get View() : View;
public function set View(View);

Property Value

One of the View values. The default is View.LargeIcon.

Exceptions

Exception Type Condition
InvalidEnumArgumentException The value specified is not one of the View values.

Remarks

The View property allows you to specify the type of display the ListView control uses to display items. You can set the View property to display each item with large or small icons or display items in a vertical list. The richest option is the details view, which allows you to view not only the items but any subitems specified for each item. Each item is displayed in a grid, with each item listed vertically and the subitems for each item displayed in a column, with column headers. The details view is a perfect way to display database information to a user.

Most of the properties in the ListView control affect how the different views behave or are displayed. Some properties that affect the views of the items are only useful when the View property is set to a specific value, while others are useful in all views. For example, properties such as GridLines and FullRowSelect are only useful when the View property is set to View.Details, while the MultiSelect and CheckBoxes properties are useful in all views.

You can use the View property to provide different views of data in your application, or to lock a specific view to utilize that view's benefits. For example, the View property is often set to View.Details because the details view provides a number of viewing options not available in the other views.

Note   If your ListView control does not have any column headers specified and you set the View property to View.Details, the ListView control will not display any items.

Example

[Visual Basic, C#, C++] The following example creates a ListView control with three ListViewItem objects specified and three ListViewItem.ListViewSubItem objects specified for each item. The example also creates ColumnHeader objects to display the subitems in details view. Two ImageList objects are also created in the code example to provide images for the ListViewItem objects. These ImageList objects are added to the LargeImageList and SmallImageList properties. The example uses the following properties in creating the ListView control.

[Visual Basic, C#, C++] This example assumes that you have added the code to a Form and call the method created in the example from the constructor or another method on the form. The example also assumes that images named MySmallImage1, MySmallImage2, MyLargeImage1, and MyLargeImage2 are located in the root directory of drive C.

[Visual Basic] 
Private Sub CreateMyListView()
    ' Create a new ListView control.
    Dim listView1 As New ListView()
    listView1.Bounds = New Rectangle(New Point(10, 10), New Size(300, 200))

    ' Set the view to show details.
    listView1.View = View.Details
    ' Allow the user to edit item text.
    listView1.LabelEdit = True
    ' Allow the user to rearrange columns.
    listView1.AllowColumnReorder = True
    ' Display check boxes.
    listView1.CheckBoxes = True
    ' Select the item and subitems when selection is made.
    listView1.FullRowSelect = True
    ' Display grid lines.
    listView1.GridLines = True
    ' Sort the items in the list in ascending order.
    listView1.Sorting = SortOrder.Ascending

    ' Create three items and three sets of subitems for each item.
    Dim item1 As New ListViewItem("item1", 0)
    ' Place a check mark next to the item.
    item1.Checked = True
    item1.SubItems.Add("1")
    item1.SubItems.Add("2")
    item1.SubItems.Add("3")
    Dim item2 As New ListViewItem("item2", 1)
    item2.SubItems.Add("4")
    item2.SubItems.Add("5")
    item2.SubItems.Add("6")
    Dim item3 As New ListViewItem("item3", 0)
    ' Place a check mark next to the item.
    item3.Checked = True
    item3.SubItems.Add("7")
    item3.SubItems.Add("8")
    item3.SubItems.Add("9")

    ' Create columns for the items and subitems.
    listView1.Columns.Add("Item Column", -2, HorizontalAlignment.Left)
    listView1.Columns.Add("Column 2", -2, HorizontalAlignment.Left)
    listView1.Columns.Add("Column 3", -2, HorizontalAlignment.Left)
    listView1.Columns.Add("Column 4", -2, HorizontalAlignment.Center)

    'Add the items to the ListView.
    listView1.Items.AddRange(New ListViewItem() {item1, item2, item3})

    ' Create two ImageList objects.
    Dim imageListSmall As New ImageList()
    Dim imageListLarge As New ImageList()

    ' Initialize the ImageList objects with bitmaps.
    imageListSmall.Images.Add(Bitmap.FromFile("C:\MySmallImage1.bmp"))
    imageListSmall.Images.Add(Bitmap.FromFile("C:\MySmallImage2.bmp"))
    imageListLarge.Images.Add(Bitmap.FromFile("C:\MyLargeImage1.bmp"))
    imageListLarge.Images.Add(Bitmap.FromFile("C:\MyLargeImage2.bmp"))

    'Assign the ImageList objects to the ListView.
    listView1.LargeImageList = imageListLarge
    listView1.SmallImageList = imageListSmall

    ' Add the ListView to the control collection.
    Me.Controls.Add(listView1)
End Sub 'CreateMyListView


[C#] 
private void CreateMyListView()
{
    // Create a new ListView control.
    ListView listView1 = new ListView();
    listView1.Bounds = new Rectangle(new Point(10,10), new Size(300,200));

    // Set the view to show details.
    listView1.View = View.Details;
    // Allow the user to edit item text.
    listView1.LabelEdit = true;
    // Allow the user to rearrange columns.
    listView1.AllowColumnReorder = true;
    // Display check boxes.
    listView1.CheckBoxes = true;
    // Select the item and subitems when selection is made.
    listView1.FullRowSelect = true;
    // Display grid lines.
    listView1.GridLines = true;
    // Sort the items in the list in ascending order.
    listView1.Sorting = SortOrder.Ascending;
                
    // Create three items and three sets of subitems for each item.
    ListViewItem item1 = new ListViewItem("item1",0);
    // Place a check mark next to the item.
    item1.Checked = true;
    item1.SubItems.Add("1");
    item1.SubItems.Add("2");
    item1.SubItems.Add("3");
    ListViewItem item2 = new ListViewItem("item2",1);
    item2.SubItems.Add("4");
    item2.SubItems.Add("5");
    item2.SubItems.Add("6");
    ListViewItem item3 = new ListViewItem("item3",0);
    // Place a check mark next to the item.
    item3.Checked = true;
    item3.SubItems.Add("7");
    item3.SubItems.Add("8");
    item3.SubItems.Add("9");

    // Create columns for the items and subitems.
    listView1.Columns.Add("Item Column", -2, HorizontalAlignment.Left);
    listView1.Columns.Add("Column 2", -2, HorizontalAlignment.Left);
    listView1.Columns.Add("Column 3", -2, HorizontalAlignment.Left);
    listView1.Columns.Add("Column 4", -2, HorizontalAlignment.Center);

    //Add the items to the ListView.
            listView1.Items.AddRange(new ListViewItem[]{item1,item2,item3});

    // Create two ImageList objects.
    ImageList imageListSmall = new ImageList();
    ImageList imageListLarge = new ImageList();

    // Initialize the ImageList objects with bitmaps.
    imageListSmall.Images.Add(Bitmap.FromFile("C:\\MySmallImage1.bmp"));
    imageListSmall.Images.Add(Bitmap.FromFile("C:\\MySmallImage2.bmp"));
    imageListLarge.Images.Add(Bitmap.FromFile("C:\\MyLargeImage1.bmp"));
    imageListLarge.Images.Add(Bitmap.FromFile("C:\\MyLargeImage2.bmp"));

    //Assign the ImageList objects to the ListView.
    listView1.LargeImageList = imageListLarge;
    listView1.SmallImageList = imageListSmall;

    // Add the ListView to the control collection.
    this.Controls.Add(listView1);
}

[C++] 
private:
    void CreateMyListView() {
        // Create a new ListView control.
        ListView* listView1 = new ListView();
        listView1->Bounds = Rectangle(Point(10, 10), System::Drawing::Size(300, 200));

        // Set the view to show details.
        listView1->View = View::Details;
        // Allow the user to edit item text.
        listView1->LabelEdit = true;
        // Allow the user to rearrange columns.
        listView1->AllowColumnReorder = true;
        // Display check boxes.
        listView1->CheckBoxes = true;
        // Select the item and subitems when selection is made.
        listView1->FullRowSelect = true;
        // Display grid lines.
        listView1->GridLines = true;
        // Sort the items in the list in ascending order.
        listView1->Sorting = SortOrder::Ascending;

        // Create three items and three sets of subitems for each item.
        ListViewItem* item1 = new ListViewItem(S"item1", 0);
        // Place a check mark next to the item.
        item1->Checked = true;
        item1->SubItems->Add(S"1");
        item1->SubItems->Add(S"2");
        item1->SubItems->Add(S"3");
        ListViewItem* item2 = new ListViewItem(S"item2", 1);
        item2->SubItems->Add(S"4");
        item2->SubItems->Add(S"5");
        item2->SubItems->Add(S"6");
        ListViewItem* item3 = new ListViewItem(S"item3", 0);
        // Place a check mark next to the item.
        item3->Checked = true;
        item3->SubItems->Add(S"7");
        item3->SubItems->Add(S"8");
        item3->SubItems->Add(S"9");

        // Create columns for the items and subitems.
        listView1->Columns->Add(S"Item Column", -2, HorizontalAlignment::Left);
        listView1->Columns->Add(S"Column 2", -2, HorizontalAlignment::Left);
        listView1->Columns->Add(S"Column 3", -2, HorizontalAlignment::Left);
        listView1->Columns->Add(S"Column 4", -2, HorizontalAlignment::Center);

        //Add the items to the ListView.

        ListViewItem* temp1 [] = {item1, item2, item3};

        listView1->Items->AddRange(temp1);

        // Create two ImageList objects.
        ImageList* imageListSmall = new ImageList();
        ImageList* imageListLarge = new ImageList();

        // Initialize the ImageList objects with bitmaps.
        imageListSmall->Images->Add(Bitmap::FromFile(S"C:\\MySmallImage1.bmp"));
        imageListSmall->Images->Add(Bitmap::FromFile(S"C:\\MySmallImage2.bmp"));
        imageListLarge->Images->Add(Bitmap::FromFile(S"C:\\MyLargeImage1.bmp"));
        imageListLarge->Images->Add(Bitmap::FromFile(S"C:\\MyLargeImage2.bmp"));

        //Assign the ImageList objects to the ListView.
        listView1->LargeImageList = imageListLarge;
        listView1->SmallImageList = imageListSmall;

        // Add the ListView to the control collection.
        this->Controls->Add(listView1);
    }

[JScript] No example is available for JScript. To view a Visual Basic, C#, or C++ example, click the Language Filter button Language Filter in the upper-left corner of the page.

Requirements

Platforms: Windows 98, Windows NT 4.0, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 2000, Windows XP Home Edition, Windows XP Professional, Windows Server 2003 family, .NET Compact Framework

See Also

ListView Class | ListView Members | System.Windows.Forms Namespace | View

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