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Form.StartPosition Property

Gets or sets the starting position of the form at run time.

[Visual Basic]
Public Property StartPosition As FormStartPosition
[C#]
public FormStartPosition StartPosition {get; set;}
[C++]
public: __property FormStartPosition get_StartPosition();
public: __property void set_StartPosition(FormStartPosition);
[JScript]
public function get StartPosition() : FormStartPosition;
public function set StartPosition(FormStartPosition);

Property Value

A FormStartPosition that represents the starting position of the form.

Exceptions

Exception Type Condition
InvalidEnumArgumentException The value specified is outside the range of valid values.

Remarks

This property enables you to set the starting position of the form when it is displayed at run time. The form can be displayed manually or in the default location specified by Windows. You can also position the form to display in the center of the screen or in the center of its parent form for forms such as multiple document interface (MDI) child forms.

Example

[Visual Basic, C#, C++] The following example creates a new instance of a Form and calls the ShowDialog method to display the form as a dialog box. The example sets the FormBorderStyle, AcceptButton, CancelButton, and StartPosition properties to change the appearance and functionality of the form to a dialog box. The example also uses the Add method of the form's Controls collection to add two Button controls. The example uses the HelpButton property to display a help button in the caption bar of the dialog box.

[Visual Basic] 
Public Sub CreateMyForm()
    ' Create a new instance of the form.
    Dim form1 As New Form()
    ' Create two buttons to use as the accept and cancel buttons.
    Dim button1 As New Button()
    Dim button2 As New Button()
    
    ' Set the text of button1 to "OK".
    button1.Text = "OK"
    ' Set the position of the button on the form.
    button1.Location = New Point(10, 10)
    ' Set the text of button2 to "Cancel".
    button2.Text = "Cancel"
    ' Set the position of the button based on the location of button1.
    button2.Location = New Point(button1.Left, button1.Height + button1.Top + 10)
    ' Set the caption bar text of the form.   
    form1.Text = "My Dialog Box"
    ' Display a help button on the form.
    form1.HelpButton = True
    
    ' Define the border style of the form to a dialog box.
    form1.FormBorderStyle = FormBorderStyle.FixedDialog
    ' Set the accept button of the form to button1.
    form1.AcceptButton = button1
    ' Set the cancel button of the form to button2.
    form1.CancelButton = button2
    ' Set the start position of the form to the center of the screen.
    form1.StartPosition = FormStartPosition.CenterScreen
    
    ' Add button1 to the form.
    form1.Controls.Add(button1)
    ' Add button2 to the form.
    form1.Controls.Add(button2)
    
    ' Display the form as a modal dialog box.
    form1.ShowDialog()
End Sub 'CreateMyForm

[C#] 
public void CreateMyForm()
 {
    // Create a new instance of the form.
    Form form1 = new Form();
    // Create two buttons to use as the accept and cancel buttons.
    Button button1 = new Button ();
    Button button2 = new Button ();
   
    // Set the text of button1 to "OK".
    button1.Text = "OK";
    // Set the position of the button on the form.
    button1.Location = new Point (10, 10);
    // Set the text of button2 to "Cancel".
    button2.Text = "Cancel";
    // Set the position of the button based on the location of button1.
    button2.Location
       = new Point (button1.Left, button1.Height + button1.Top + 10);
    // Set the caption bar text of the form.   
    form1.Text = "My Dialog Box";
    // Display a help button on the form.
    form1.HelpButton = true;
 
    // Define the border style of the form to a dialog box.
    form1.FormBorderStyle = FormBorderStyle.FixedDialog;
    // Set the accept button of the form to button1.
    form1.AcceptButton = button1;
    // Set the cancel button of the form to button2.
    form1.CancelButton = button2;
    // Set the start position of the form to the center of the screen.
    form1.StartPosition = FormStartPosition.CenterScreen;
    
    // Add button1 to the form.
    form1.Controls.Add(button1);
    // Add button2 to the form.
    form1.Controls.Add(button2);
    
    // Display the form as a modal dialog box.
    form1.ShowDialog();
 }
 

[C++] 
public:
void CreateMyForm()
 {
    // Create a new instance of the form.
    Form* form1 = new Form();
    // Create two buttons to use as the accept and cancel buttons.
    Button* button1 = new Button ();
    Button* button2 = new Button ();
   
    // Set the text of button1 to "OK".
    button1->Text = S"OK";
    // Set the position of the button on the form.
    button1->Location = Point (10, 10);
    // Set the text of button2 to "Cancel".
    button2->Text = S"Cancel";
    // Set the position of the button based on the location of button1.
    button2->Location
       = Point (button1->Left, button1->Height + button1->Top + 10);
    // Set the caption bar text of the form.   
    form1->Text = S"My Dialog Box";
    // Display a help button on the form.
    form1->HelpButton = true;
 
    // Define the border style of the form to a dialog box.
    form1->FormBorderStyle = FormBorderStyle::FixedDialog;
    // Set the accept button of the form to button1.
    form1->AcceptButton = button1;
    // Set the cancel button of the form to button2.
    form1->CancelButton = button2;
    // Set the start position of the form to the center of the screen.
    form1->StartPosition = FormStartPosition::CenterScreen;
    
    // Add button1 to the form.
    form1->Controls->Add(button1);
    // Add button2 to the form.
    form1->Controls->Add(button2);
    
    // Display the form as a modal dialog box.
    form1->ShowDialog();
 }
 

[JScript] No example is available for JScript. To view a Visual Basic, C#, or C++ example, click the Language Filter button Language Filter in the upper-left corner of the page.

Requirements

Platforms: Windows 98, Windows NT 4.0, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 2000, Windows XP Home Edition, Windows XP Professional, Windows Server 2003 family

See Also

Form Class | Form Members | System.Windows.Forms Namespace | FormStartPosition

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