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FileDialog.FilterIndex Property

Gets or sets the index of the filter currently selected in the file dialog box.

Namespace: System.Windows.Forms
Assembly: System.Windows.Forms (in system.windows.forms.dll)

public int FilterIndex { get; set; }
/** @property */
public int get_FilterIndex ()

/** @property */
public void set_FilterIndex (int value)

public function get FilterIndex () : int

public function set FilterIndex (value : int)

Not applicable.

Property Value

A value containing the index of the filter currently selected in the file dialog box. The default value is 1.

Use the FilterIndex property to set which filtering option is shown first to the user. You can also use the value of FilterIndex after showing the file dialog to perform special file operations depending upon the filter chosen.

NoteNote:

The index value of the first filter entry is 1.

The following code example uses the OpenFileDialog implementation of FileDialog and illustrates creating, setting of properties, and showing the dialog box. The example uses the Filter and FilterIndex properties to provide a list of filters for the user. The example requires a form with a Button placed on it and the System.IO namespace added to it.

private void button1_Click(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
{
    Stream myStream = null;
    OpenFileDialog openFileDialog1 = new OpenFileDialog();
 
    openFileDialog1.InitialDirectory = "c:\\" ;
    openFileDialog1.Filter = "txt files (*.txt)|*.txt|All files (*.*)|*.*" ;
    openFileDialog1.FilterIndex = 2 ;
    openFileDialog1.RestoreDirectory = true ;

    if(openFileDialog1.ShowDialog() == DialogResult.OK)
    {
        try
        {
            if ((myStream = openFileDialog1.OpenFile()) != null)
            {
                using (myStream)
                {
                    // Insert code to read the stream here.
                }
            }
        }
        catch (Exception ex)
        {
            MessageBox.Show("Error: Could not read file from disk. Original error: " + ex.Message);
        }
    }
}
    

protected void button1_Click(Object sender, System.EventArgs e)
{
    Stream myStream;
    OpenFileDialog openFileDialog1 = new OpenFileDialog();
    openFileDialog1.set_InitialDirectory("c:\\");
    openFileDialog1.set_Filter(
        "txt files (*.txt)|*.txt|All files (*.*)|*.*");
    openFileDialog1.set_FilterIndex(2);
    openFileDialog1.set_RestoreDirectory(true);
    if (openFileDialog1.ShowDialog().Equals(get_DialogResult().OK)) {
        if ((myStream = openFileDialog1.OpenFile()) != null) {
            // Insert code to read the stream here.
            myStream.Close();
        }
    }
} //button1_Click

Windows 98, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows CE, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows Mobile for Pocket PC, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

The Microsoft .NET Framework 3.0 is supported on Windows Vista, Microsoft Windows XP SP2, and Windows Server 2003 SP1.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Compact Framework

Supported in: 2.0, 1.0
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