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GridViewUpdatedEventArgs Class

Provides data for the RowUpdated event.

System.Object
  System.EventArgs
    System.Web.UI.WebControls.GridViewUpdatedEventArgs

Namespace:  System.Web.UI.WebControls
Assembly:  System.Web (in System.Web.dll)

public class GridViewUpdatedEventArgs : EventArgs

The GridViewUpdatedEventArgs type exposes the following members.

  NameDescription
Public methodGridViewUpdatedEventArgsInitializes a new instance of the GridViewUpdatedEventArgs class.
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  NameDescription
Public propertyAffectedRowsGets the number of rows that were affected by the update operation.
Public propertyExceptionGets the exception (if any) that was raised during the update operation.
Public propertyExceptionHandledGets or sets a value that indicates whether an exception that was raised during the update operation was handled in the event handler.
Public propertyKeepInEditModeGets or sets a value that indicates whether the GridView control should remain in edit mode after an update operation.
Public propertyKeysGets a dictionary that contains the key field name/value pairs for the updated record.
Public propertyNewValuesGets a dictionary that contains the new field name/value pairs for the updated record.
Public propertyOldValuesGets a dictionary that contains the original field name/value pairs for the updated record.
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  NameDescription
Public methodEquals(Object)Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object. (Inherited from Object.)
Protected methodFinalizeAllows an object to try to free resources and perform other cleanup operations before it is reclaimed by garbage collection. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodGetHashCodeServes as the default hash function. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodGetTypeGets the Type of the current instance. (Inherited from Object.)
Protected methodMemberwiseCloneCreates a shallow copy of the current Object. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodToStringReturns a string that represents the current object. (Inherited from Object.)
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The GridView control raises the RowUpdated event when an Update button in the control is clicked, but after the GridView control updates the record. (An Update button is a button control whose CommandName property is set to "Update".) You can perform a custom routine whenever this event occurs, such as checking the results of an update operation.

A GridViewUpdatedEventArgs object is passed to the event handler, which enables you to determine the number of records that were affected and any exceptions that might have occurred. To determine the number of records that were affected by the update operation, use the AffectedRows property. To determine whether any exceptions occurred, use the Exception property. You can also indicate whether the exception was handled in the event handler by setting the ExceptionHandled property.

To access the key field values for the updated record, use the Keys property. You can access the original non-key field values by using the OldValues property. You can access the updated non-key field values by using the NewValues properties.

By default, the GridView control returns to read-only mode after an update operation. When you handle an exception that occurred during the update operation, you can keep the GridView control in edit mode by setting the KeepInEditMode property to true.

For more information about how to handle events, see Consuming Events.

For a list of initial property values for an instance of the GridViewUpdatedEventArgs class, see the GridViewUpdatedEventArgs constructor.

The following example shows how to determine whether an exception occurred during an update operation.


<%@ Page language="C#" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

  void CustomersGridView_RowUpdated(Object sender, GridViewUpdatedEventArgs e)
  {
    // Use the Exception property to determine whether an exception
    // occurred during the update operation.
    if (e.Exception == null)
    {
      // Sometimes an error might occur that does not raise an 
      // exception, but prevents the update operation from 
      // completing. Use the AffectedRows property to determine 
      // whether the record was actually updated. 
      if (e.AffectedRows == 1)
      {
        // Use the Keys property to get the value of the key field.
        String keyFieldValue = e.Keys["CustomerID"].ToString();

        // Display a confirmation message.
        Message.Text = "Record " + keyFieldValue +
          " updated successfully. ";

        // Display the new and original values.
        DisplayValues((OrderedDictionary)e.NewValues, (OrderedDictionary)e.OldValues);
      }
      else
      {
        // Display an error message.
        Message.Text = "An error occurred during the update operation.";

        // When an error occurs, keep the GridView
        // control in edit mode.
        e.KeepInEditMode = true;
      }
    }
    else
    {
      // Insert the code to handle the exception.
      Message.Text = e.Exception.Message;

      // Use the ExceptionHandled property to indicate that the 
      // exception is already handled.
      e.ExceptionHandled = true;

      e.KeepInEditMode = true;
    }
  }

  void DisplayValues(OrderedDictionary newValues, OrderedDictionary oldValues)
  {

    Message.Text += "<br/></br>";

    // Iterate through the new and old values. Display the
    // values on the page.
    for (int i = 0; i < oldValues.Count; i++)
    {
      Message.Text += "Old Value=" + oldValues[i].ToString() +
        ", New Value=" + newValues[i].ToString() + "<br/>";
    }

    Message.Text += "</br>";

  }

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>GridViewUpdatedEventArgs Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">

      <h3>GridViewUpdatedEventArgs Example</h3>

      <!-- The GridView control automatically sets the columns     -->
      <!-- specified in the datakeynames property as read-only.    -->
      <!-- No input controls are rendered for these columns in     -->
      <!-- edit mode.                                              -->
      <asp:gridview id="CustomersGridView" 
        datasourceid="CustomersSqlDataSource" 
        autogeneratecolumns="true"
        autogenerateeditbutton="true"
        allowpaging="true" 
        datakeynames="CustomerID"
        onrowupdated="CustomersGridView_RowUpdated" 
        runat="server">
      </asp:gridview>

      <br/>

      <asp:label id="Message"
        forecolor="Red"          
        runat="server"/>

      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
      <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
      <!-- from the Web.config file.                            -->
      <asp:sqldatasource id="CustomersSqlDataSource"  
        selectcommand="Select [CustomerID], [CompanyName], [Address], [City], [PostalCode], [Country] From [Customers]"
        updatecommand="Update Customers SET CompanyName=@CompanyName, Address=@Address, City=@City, PostalCode=@PostalCode, Country=@Country WHERE (CustomerID = @CustomerID)"
        connectionstring="<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>"
        runat="server">
      </asp:sqldatasource>

    </form>
  </body>
</html>

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5.2, 4.5.1, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.
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