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GridViewRow Class

Represents an individual row in a GridView control.

Namespace:  System.Web.UI.WebControls
Assembly:  System.Web (in System.Web.dll)
public class GridViewRow : TableRow, 
	IDataItemContainer, INamingContainer
<asp:GridViewRow />

The GridViewRow type exposes the following members.

  NameDescription
Public methodGridViewRowInitializes a new instance of the GridViewRow class.
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  NameDescription
Public propertyAccessKeyGets or sets the access key that allows you to quickly navigate to the Web server control. (Inherited from WebControl.)
Protected propertyAdapterGets the browser-specific adapter for the control. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyAppRelativeTemplateSourceDirectoryGets or sets the application-relative virtual directory of the Page or UserControl object that contains this control. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyAttributesGets the collection of arbitrary attributes (for rendering only) that do not correspond to properties on the control. (Inherited from WebControl.)
Public propertyBackColorGets or sets the background color of the Web server control. (Inherited from WebControl.)
Public propertyBindingContainerInfrastructure. Gets the control that contains this control's data binding. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyBorderColorGets or sets the border color of the Web control. (Inherited from WebControl.)
Public propertyBorderStyleGets or sets the border style of the Web server control. (Inherited from WebControl.)
Public propertyBorderWidthGets or sets the border width of the Web server control. (Inherited from WebControl.)
Public propertyCellsGets a collection of TableCell objects that represent the cells of a row in a Table control. (Inherited from TableRow.)
Protected propertyChildControlsCreatedGets a value that indicates whether the server control's child controls have been created. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyClientIDGets the control ID for HTML markup that is generated by ASP.NET. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyClientIDModeGets or sets the algorithm that is used to generate the value of the ClientID property. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected propertyClientIDSeparatorGets a character value representing the separator character used in the ClientID property. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected propertyContextGets the HttpContext object associated with the server control for the current Web request. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyControlsGets a ControlCollection object that represents the child controls for a specified server control in the UI hierarchy. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyControlStyleGets the style of the Web server control. This property is used primarily by control developers. (Inherited from WebControl.)
Public propertyControlStyleCreatedGets a value indicating whether a Style object has been created for the ControlStyle property. This property is primarily used by control developers. (Inherited from WebControl.)
Public propertyCssClassGets or sets the Cascading Style Sheet (CSS) class rendered by the Web server control on the client. (Inherited from WebControl.)
Public propertyDataItemGets the underlying data object to which the GridViewRow object is bound.
Public propertyDataItemContainerGets a reference to the naming container if the naming container implements IDataItemContainer. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyDataItemIndexGets the index of the DataItem in the underlying DataSet.
Public propertyDataKeysContainerGets a reference to the naming container if the naming container implements IDataKeysControl. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected propertyDesignModeGets a value indicating whether a control is being used on a design surface. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyEnabledGets or sets a value indicating whether the Web server control is enabled. (Inherited from WebControl.)
Public propertyEnableThemingGets or sets a value indicating whether themes apply to this control. (Inherited from WebControl.)
Public propertyEnableViewStateGets or sets a value indicating whether the server control persists its view state, and the view state of any child controls it contains, to the requesting client. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected propertyEventsGets a list of event handler delegates for the control. This property is read-only. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyFontGets the font properties associated with the Web server control. (Inherited from WebControl.)
Public propertyForeColorGets or sets the foreground color (typically the color of the text) of the Web server control. (Inherited from WebControl.)
Public propertyHasAttributesGets a value indicating whether the control has attributes set. (Inherited from WebControl.)
Protected propertyHasChildViewStateGets a value indicating whether the current server control's child controls have any saved view-state settings. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyHeightGets or sets the height of the Web server control. (Inherited from WebControl.)
Public propertyHorizontalAlignGets or sets the horizontal alignment of the contents in the row. (Inherited from TableRow.)
Public propertyIDGets or sets the programmatic identifier assigned to the server control. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected propertyIdSeparatorInfrastructure. Gets the character used to separate control identifiers. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected propertyIsChildControlStateClearedGets a value indicating whether controls contained within this control have control state. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected propertyIsEnabledGets a value indicating whether the control is enabled. (Inherited from WebControl.)
Protected propertyIsTrackingViewStateGets a value that indicates whether the server control is saving changes to its view state. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected propertyIsViewStateEnabledGets a value indicating whether view state is enabled for this control. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected propertyLoadViewStateByIDGets a value indicating whether the control participates in loading its view state by ID instead of index. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyNamingContainerGets a reference to the server control's naming container, which creates a unique namespace for differentiating between server controls with the same Control.ID property value. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyPageGets a reference to the Page instance that contains the server control. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyParentGets a reference to the server control's parent control in the page control hierarchy. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyRenderingCompatibilityGets a value that specifies the ASP.NET version that rendered HTML will be compatible with. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyRowIndexGets the index of the GridViewRow object in the Rows collection of a GridView control.
Public propertyRowStateGets the state of the GridViewRow object.
Public propertyRowTypeGets the row type of the GridViewRow object.
Public propertySiteGets information about the container that hosts the current control when rendered on a design surface. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertySkinIDGets or sets the skin to apply to the control. (Inherited from WebControl.)
Public propertyStyleGets a collection of text attributes that will be rendered as a style attribute on the outer tag of the Web server control. (Inherited from WebControl.)
Public propertySupportsDisabledAttributeGets a value that indicates whether the control should set the disabled attribute of the rendered HTML element to "disabled" when the control's IsEnabled property is false. (Inherited from TableRow.)
Public propertyTabIndexGets or sets the tab index of the Web server control. (Inherited from WebControl.)
Public propertyTableSectionGets or sets the location for a TableRow object in a Table control. (Inherited from TableRow.)
Protected propertyTagKeyGets the HtmlTextWriterTag value that corresponds to this Web server control. This property is used primarily by control developers. (Inherited from WebControl.)
Protected propertyTagNameGets the name of the control tag. This property is used primarily by control developers. (Inherited from WebControl.)
Public propertyTemplateControlGets or sets a reference to the template that contains this control. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyTemplateSourceDirectoryGets the virtual directory of the Page or UserControl that contains the current server control. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyToolTipGets or sets the text displayed when the mouse pointer hovers over the Web server control. (Inherited from WebControl.)
Public propertyUniqueIDGets the unique, hierarchically qualified identifier for the server control. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyValidateRequestModeGets or sets a value that indicates whether the control checks client input from the browser for potentially dangerous values. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyVerticalAlignGets or sets the vertical alignment of the contents in the row. (Inherited from TableRow.)
Protected propertyViewStateGets a dictionary of state information that allows you to save and restore the view state of a server control across multiple requests for the same page. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected propertyViewStateIgnoresCaseGets a value that indicates whether the StateBag object is case-insensitive. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyViewStateModeGets or sets the view-state mode of this control. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyVisibleGets or sets a value that indicates whether a server control is rendered as UI on the page. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyWidthGets or sets the width of the Web server control. (Inherited from WebControl.)
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  NameDescription
Protected methodAddAttributesToRenderAdds HTML attributes and styles that need to be rendered to the specified HtmlTextWriterTag. This method is used primarily by control developers. (Inherited from WebControl.)
Protected methodAddedControlCalled after a child control is added to the Controls collection of the Control object. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodAddParsedSubObjectNotifies the server control that an element, either XML or HTML, was parsed, and adds the element to the server control's ControlCollection object. (Inherited from Control.)
Public methodApplyStyleCopies any nonblank elements of the specified style to the Web control, overwriting any existing style elements of the control. This method is primarily used by control developers. (Inherited from WebControl.)
Public methodApplyStyleSheetSkinApplies the style properties defined in the page style sheet to the control. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodBeginRenderTracingBegins design-time tracing of rendering data. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodBuildProfileTreeInfrastructure. Gathers information about the server control and delivers it to the Trace property to be displayed when tracing is enabled for the page. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodClearCachedClientIDInfrastructure. Sets the cached ClientID value to null. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodClearChildControlStateDeletes the control-state information for the server control's child controls. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodClearChildStateDeletes the view-state and control-state information for all the server control's child controls. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodClearChildViewStateDeletes the view-state information for all the server control's child controls. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodClearEffectiveClientIDModeInfrastructure. Sets the ClientIDMode property of the current control instance and of any child controls to Inherit. (Inherited from Control.)
Public methodCopyBaseAttributesCopies the properties not encapsulated by the Style object from the specified Web server control to the Web server control that this method is called from. This method is used primarily by control developers. (Inherited from WebControl.)
Protected methodCreateChildControlsCalled by the ASP.NET page framework to notify server controls that use composition-based implementation to create any child controls they contain in preparation for posting back or rendering. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodCreateControlCollectionCreates a new ControlCollection object for the TableRow control. (Inherited from TableRow.)
Protected methodCreateControlStyleCreates a TableItemStyle object for the TableRow control. (Inherited from TableRow.)
Public methodDataBind()Binds a data source to the invoked server control and all its child controls. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodDataBind(Boolean)Binds a data source to the invoked server control and all its child controls with an option to raise the DataBinding event. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodDataBindChildrenBinds a data source to the server control's child controls. (Inherited from Control.)
Public methodDisposeEnables a server control to perform final clean up before it is released from memory. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodEndRenderTracingEnds design-time tracing of rendering data. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodEnsureChildControlsDetermines whether the server control contains child controls. If it does not, it creates child controls. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodEnsureIDCreates an identifier for controls that do not have an identifier assigned. (Inherited from Control.)
Public methodEquals(Object)Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object. (Inherited from Object.)
Protected methodFinalizeAllows an object to try to free resources and perform other cleanup operations before it is reclaimed by garbage collection. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodFindControl(String)Searches the current naming container for a server control with the specified id parameter. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodFindControl(String, Int32)Infrastructure. Searches the current naming container for a server control with the specified id and an integer, specified in the pathOffset parameter, which aids in the search. You should not override this version of the FindControl method. (Inherited from Control.)
Public methodFocusSets input focus to a control. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodGetDesignModeStateInfrastructure. Gets design-time data for a control. (Inherited from Control.)
Public methodGetHashCodeServes as the default hash function. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodGetRouteUrl(Object)Gets the URL that corresponds to a set of route parameters. (Inherited from Control.)
Public methodGetRouteUrl(RouteValueDictionary)Gets the URL that corresponds to a set of route parameters. (Inherited from Control.)
Public methodGetRouteUrl(String, Object)Gets the URL that corresponds to a set of route parameters and a route name. (Inherited from Control.)
Public methodGetRouteUrl(String, RouteValueDictionary)Gets the URL that corresponds to a set of route parameters and a route name. (Inherited from Control.)
Public methodGetTypeGets the Type of the current instance. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodGetUniqueIDRelativeToReturns the prefixed portion of the UniqueID property of the specified control. (Inherited from Control.)
Public methodHasControlsDetermines if the server control contains any child controls. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodHasEventsReturns a value indicating whether events are registered for the control or any child controls. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodIsLiteralContentInfrastructure. Determines if the server control holds only literal content. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodLoadControlStateRestores control-state information from a previous page request that was saved by the SaveControlState method. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodLoadViewStateRestores view-state information from a previous request that was saved with the SaveViewState method. (Inherited from WebControl.)
Protected methodMapPathSecureRetrieves the physical path that a virtual path, either absolute or relative, maps to. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodMemberwiseCloneCreates a shallow copy of the current Object. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodMergeStyleCopies any nonblank elements of the specified style to the Web control, but will not overwrite any existing style elements of the control. This method is used primarily by control developers. (Inherited from WebControl.)
Protected methodOnBubbleEventDetermines whether to pass an event up the page's ASP.NET server control hierarchy. (Overrides Control.OnBubbleEvent(Object, EventArgs).)
Protected methodOnDataBindingRaises the DataBinding event. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodOnInitRaises the Init event. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodOnLoadRaises the Load event. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodOnPreRenderRaises the PreRender event. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodOnUnloadRaises the Unload event. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodOpenFileGets a Stream used to read a file. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodRaiseBubbleEventAssigns any sources of the event and its information to the control's parent. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodRemovedControlCalled after a child control is removed from the Controls collection of the Control object. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodRenderRenders the control to the specified HTML writer. (Inherited from WebControl.)
Public methodRenderBeginTagRenders the HTML opening tag of the control to the specified writer. This method is used primarily by control developers. (Inherited from WebControl.)
Protected methodRenderChildrenOutputs the content of a server control's children to a provided HtmlTextWriter object, which writes the content to be rendered on the client. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodRenderContentsRenders the contents of the control to the specified writer. This method is used primarily by control developers. (Inherited from WebControl.)
Public methodRenderControl(HtmlTextWriter)Outputs server control content to a provided HtmlTextWriter object and stores tracing information about the control if tracing is enabled. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodRenderControl(HtmlTextWriter, ControlAdapter)Outputs server control content to a provided HtmlTextWriter object using a provided ControlAdapter object. (Inherited from Control.)
Public methodRenderEndTagRenders the HTML closing tag of the control into the specified writer. This method is used primarily by control developers. (Inherited from WebControl.)
Protected methodResolveAdapterGets the control adapter responsible for rendering the specified control. (Inherited from Control.)
Public methodResolveClientUrlGets a URL that can be used by the browser. (Inherited from Control.)
Public methodResolveUrlConverts a URL into one that is usable on the requesting client. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodSaveControlStateSaves any server control state changes that have occurred since the time the page was posted back to the server. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodSaveViewStateSaves any state that was modified after the TrackViewState method was invoked. (Inherited from WebControl.)
Protected methodSetDesignModeStateSets design-time data for a control. (Inherited from Control.)
Public methodSetRenderMethodDelegateInfrastructure. Assigns an event handler delegate to render the server control and its content into its parent control. (Inherited from Control.)
Public methodSetTraceData(Object, Object)Sets trace data for design-time tracing of rendering data, using the trace data key and the trace data value. (Inherited from Control.)
Public methodSetTraceData(Object, Object, Object)Sets trace data for design-time tracing of rendering data, using the traced object, the trace data key, and the trace data value. (Inherited from Control.)
Public methodToStringReturns a string that represents the current object. (Inherited from Object.)
Protected methodTrackViewStateCauses the control to track changes to its view state so they can be stored in the object's ViewState property. (Inherited from WebControl.)
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  NameDescription
Public eventDataBindingOccurs when the server control binds to a data source. (Inherited from Control.)
Public eventDisposedOccurs when a server control is released from memory, which is the last stage of the server control lifecycle when an ASP.NET page is requested. (Inherited from Control.)
Public eventInitOccurs when the server control is initialized, which is the first step in its lifecycle. (Inherited from Control.)
Public eventLoadOccurs when the server control is loaded into the Page object. (Inherited from Control.)
Public eventPreRenderOccurs after the Control object is loaded but prior to rendering. (Inherited from Control.)
Public eventUnloadOccurs when the server control is unloaded from memory. (Inherited from Control.)
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  NameDescription
Public Extension MethodEnableDynamicData(Type)Overloaded. Enables Dynamic Data behavior for the specified data control. (Defined by DataControlExtensions.)
Public Extension MethodEnableDynamicData(Type, Object)Overloaded. Enables Dynamic Data behavior for the specified data control. (Defined by DataControlExtensions.)
Public Extension MethodEnableDynamicData(Type, IDictionary<String, Object>)Overloaded. Enables Dynamic Data behavior for the specified data control. (Defined by DataControlExtensions.)
Public Extension MethodFindDataSourceControlReturns the data source that is associated with the data control for the specified control. (Defined by DynamicDataExtensions.)
Public Extension MethodFindFieldTemplateReturns the field template for the specified column in the specified control's naming container. (Defined by DynamicDataExtensions.)
Public Extension MethodFindMetaTableReturns the metatable object for the containing data control. (Defined by DynamicDataExtensions.)
Public Extension MethodGetDefaultValuesGets the collection of the default values for the specified data control. (Defined by DynamicDataExtensions.)
Public Extension MethodGetMetaTableGets the table metadata for the specified data control. (Defined by DynamicDataExtensions.)
Public Extension MethodSetMetaTable(MetaTable)Overloaded. Sets the table metadata for the specified data control. (Defined by DynamicDataExtensions.)
Public Extension MethodSetMetaTable(MetaTable, IDictionary<String, Object>)Overloaded. Sets the table metadata and default value mapping for the specified data control. (Defined by DynamicDataExtensions.)
Public Extension MethodSetMetaTable(MetaTable, Object)Overloaded. Sets the table metadata and default value mapping for the specified data control. (Defined by DynamicDataExtensions.)
Public Extension MethodTryGetMetaTableDetermines whether table metadata is available. (Defined by DynamicDataExtensions.)
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  NameDescription
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate methodIAttributeAccessor.GetAttributeInfrastructure. Gets an attribute of the Web control with the specified name. (Inherited from WebControl.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate methodIAttributeAccessor.SetAttributeSets an attribute of the Web control to the specified name and value. (Inherited from WebControl.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate propertyIControlBuilderAccessor.ControlBuilderFor a description of this member, see IControlBuilderAccessor.ControlBuilder. (Inherited from Control.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate methodIControlDesignerAccessor.GetDesignModeStateFor a description of this member, see IControlDesignerAccessor.GetDesignModeState. (Inherited from Control.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate methodIControlDesignerAccessor.SetDesignModeStateFor a description of this member, see IControlDesignerAccessor.SetDesignModeState. (Inherited from Control.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate methodIControlDesignerAccessor.SetOwnerControlInfrastructure. For a description of this member, see IControlDesignerAccessor.SetOwnerControl. (Inherited from Control.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate propertyIControlDesignerAccessor.UserDataFor a description of this member, see IControlDesignerAccessor.UserData. (Inherited from Control.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate propertyIDataBindingsAccessor.DataBindingsFor a description of this member, see IDataBindingsAccessor.DataBindings. (Inherited from Control.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate propertyIDataBindingsAccessor.HasDataBindingsFor a description of this member, see IDataBindingsAccessor.HasDataBindings. (Inherited from Control.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate propertyIDataItemContainer.DataItemInfrastructure. For a description of this member, see DataItem.
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate propertyIDataItemContainer.DataItemIndexInfrastructure. For a description of this member, see DataItemIndex.
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate propertyIDataItemContainer.DisplayIndexInfrastructure. For a description of this member, see DisplayIndex.
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate propertyIExpressionsAccessor.ExpressionsFor a description of this member, see IExpressionsAccessor.Expressions. (Inherited from Control.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate propertyIExpressionsAccessor.HasExpressionsFor a description of this member, see IExpressionsAccessor.HasExpressions. (Inherited from Control.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate methodIParserAccessor.AddParsedSubObjectFor a description of this member, see IParserAccessor.AddParsedSubObject. (Inherited from Control.)
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The GridViewRow class is used represent an individual row in a GridView control. Each row in the GridView control has a designated row type using the DataControlRowType enumeration. The following table lists the different row types.

Row type

Description

DataRow

A data row in the GridView control.

EmptyDataRow

The empty row in the GridView control. The empty row is displayed when the GridView control has no records to display and the GridView.EmptyDataTemplate template is not null.

Footer

The footer row in the GridView control.

Header

The header row in the GridView control.

Pager

A pager row in the GridView control.

Separator

A separator row in the GridView control.

To determine the row type of a GridViewRow object, use the RowType property. A GridViewRow object also has a state associated with it. The state can be a bitwise combination of the values in the following table.

State value

Description

Alternate

The GridViewRow object is an alternate row in the GridView control.

Edit

The GridViewRow object is in edit mode.

Normal

The GridViewRow object is in its normal (default) state.

Selected

The GridViewRow object is selected.

To determine the state of a GridViewRow object, use the RowState property.

The GridView control stores all of its data rows in the Rows collection. To determine the index of a GridViewRow object in the Rows collection, use the RowIndex property.

You can access the properties of the underlying data object that is bound to the GridViewRow object by using the DataItem property.

NoteNote

The DataItem property is available only during and after the RowDataBound event of a GridView control.

To determine the index of the data object in the underlying data source, use the DataItemIndex property.

You can access the individual cells of the GridViewRow object by using the Cells property. If a cell contains other controls, you can retrieve a control from the cell by using the Controls collection of the cell. You can also use the FindControl method of the cell to find the control, if the control has an ID specified.

To retrieve a field value from a BoundField field column or an automatically generated field column, use the Text property of the cell. To retrieve a field value from other field column types where the field value is bound to a control, first retrieve the control from the appropriate cell and then access the appropriate property of the control.

NoteNote

It is possible to use a data-binding expression directly in a TemplateField field column without binding the value to a property of a control. In this case, the field value is automatically placed in a DataBoundLiteralControl control. To retrieve the field value, you must first retrieve the DataBoundLiteralControl control from the appropriate cell and then use its Text property.

For a list of initial property values for an instance of GridViewRow, see the GridViewRow constructor.

The following example demonstrates how to use a GridViewRow object to retrieve a field value from a cell in the GridView control and then display the value on the page.


<%@ Page language="C#" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

  void AuthorsGridView_SelectedIndexChanged(Object sender, EventArgs e)
  {

    // Get the selected row from the GridView control.
    GridViewRow selectRow = AuthorsGridView.SelectedRow;

    // Get the author's first and last name from the appropriate
    // cells in the selected row. For BoundField field columns
    // and automatically generated field columns, the Text property
    // of a cell is used to access a field value.
    String lastName = selectRow.Cells[1].Text;

    // In a TemplateField column where a data-binding expression
    // is used directly in the ItemTemplate, the field value
    // is automatically placed in DataBoundLiteral control.

    // Retrieve the DataBoundLiteral control from the cell. The
    // DataBoundLiteral control is the first control in the 
    // Controls collection.
    DataBoundLiteralControl firstNameLiteral = (DataBoundLiteralControl)selectRow.Cells[2].Controls[0];
    String firstName = firstNameLiteral.Text;

    // Display the name of the selected author.
    Message.Text = "You selected " + firstName + " " + lastName + ".";

  }

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>GridViewRow Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">

      <h3>GridViewRow Example</h3>

      <asp:label id="Message" 
        forecolor="Red"
        runat="server"/>

      <br/> 

      <asp:gridview id="AuthorsGridView" 
        datasourceid="AuthorsSqlDataSource" 
        autogeneratecolumns="false"
        autogenerateselectbutton="true"
        onselectedindexchanged="AuthorsGridView_SelectedIndexChanged"  
        runat="server"> 

        <columns>
          <asp:boundfield datafield="au_lname"
            headertext="Last Name"/>
          <asp:templatefield headertext="FirstName">
            <itemtemplate>
              <%#Eval("au_fname")%>
            </itemtemplate>
          </asp:templatefield>
        </columns>

      </asp:gridview>

      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects -->
      <!-- to the Pubs sample database.                        -->
      <asp:sqldatasource id="AuthorsSqlDataSource"  
        selectcommand="SELECT [au_lname], [au_fname], [address], [city], [state], [zip], [contract] FROM [authors]"
        connectionstring="server=localhost;database=pubs;integrated security=SSPI"
        runat="server">
      </asp:sqldatasource>

    </form>
  </body>
</html>

The following example demonstrates how to use a GridViewRow object to retrieve a TextBox control declared in a TemplateField field column's edit item template. The value of the text box is then passed to a SqlDataSource control for updating in the data source.

Security noteSecurity Note

This example has a text box that accepts user input, which is a potential security threat. By default, ASP.NET Web pages validate that user input does not include script or HTML elements. For more information, see Script Exploits Overview.

<%@ Page language="C#" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

  void AuthorsGridView_RowUpdating (Object sender, GridViewUpdateEventArgs e)
  {

    // In this example, the GridView control will not automatically extract 
    // updated values from TemplateField column fields because they are not
    // using a two-way binding expression. So, the updated
    // values must be added manually to the NewValues dictionary.

    // Get the GridViewRow object that represents the row being edited
    // from the Rows collection of the GridView control.
    int index = AuthorsGridView.EditIndex;
    GridViewRow row = AuthorsGridView.Rows[index];

    // Get the controls that contain the updated values. In this
    // example, the updated values are contained in the TextBox 
    // controls declared in the EditItemTemplates of the TemplateField 
    // column fields in the GridView control.
    TextBox lastName = (TextBox)row.FindControl("LastNameTextBox");
    TextBox firstName = (TextBox)row.FindControl("FirstNameTextBox");

    // Add the updated values to the NewValues dictionary. Use the
    // parameter names declared in the parameterized update query 
    // string for the key names.
    e.NewValues["au_lname"] = lastName.Text;
    e.NewValues["au_fname"] = firstName.Text;    

  }

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>GridViewRow Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">

      <h3>GridViewRow Example</h3>

      <!-- The GridView control automatically sets the columns     -->
      <!-- specified in the datakeynames attribute as read-only    -->
      <!-- No input controls are rendered for these columns in     -->
      <!-- edit mode.                                              -->
      <asp:gridview id="AuthorsGridView" 
        datasourceid="AuthorsSqlDataSource" 
        autogeneratecolumns="false"
        autogenerateeditbutton="true"
        datakeynames="au_id"
        cellpadding="10"
        onrowupdating="AuthorsGridView_RowUpdating"      
        runat="server">

        <columns>

          <asp:boundfield datafield="au_id"
            headertext="Author ID"
            readonly="true"/>

          <asp:templatefield headertext="Last Name"
            itemstyle-verticalalign="Top">

            <itemtemplate>
              <%#Eval("au_lname")%>
            </itemtemplate>

            <edititemtemplate>
              <asp:textbox id="LastNameTextBox"
                text='<%#Eval("au_lname")%>'
                width="90"
                runat="server"/>
              <br/>
              <asp:requiredfieldvalidator id="LastNameRequiredValidator"
                controltovalidate="LastNameTextBox"
                display="Dynamic"
                text="Please enter a last name." 
                runat="server" />                                      
            </edititemtemplate>

          </asp:templatefield>

          <asp:templatefield headertext="First Name"
            itemstyle-verticalalign="Top">

            <itemtemplate>
              <%#Eval("au_fname")%>
            </itemtemplate>

            <edititemtemplate>
              <asp:textbox id="FirstNameTextBox"
                text='<%#Eval("au_fname")%>'
                width="90"
                runat="server"/>
              <br/>
              <asp:requiredfieldvalidator id="FirstNameRequiredValidator"
                controltovalidate="FirstNameTextBox"
                display="Dynamic"
                text="Please enter a first name."
                runat="server" />                      
            </edititemtemplate>

          </asp:templatefield>

          <asp:checkboxfield datafield="contract" 
            headertext="Contract"
            readonly="true"/>

        </columns>

      </asp:gridview>

      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects -->
      <!-- to the Pubs sample database.                        -->
      <asp:sqldatasource id="AuthorsSqlDataSource"  
        selectcommand="SELECT [au_id], [au_lname], [au_fname], [contract] FROM [authors]"             
        updatecommand="UPDATE authors SET au_lname=@au_lname, au_fname=@au_fname WHERE (authors.au_id = @au_id)" 
        connectionstring="server=localhost;database=pubs;integrated security=SSPI"
        runat="server">
      </asp:sqldatasource>

    </form>
  </body>
</html>

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5.1, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.
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