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DataGridItemEventHandler Delegate

Represents the method that handles the ItemCreated and ItemDataBound events of a DataGrid control.

Namespace: System.Web.UI.WebControls
Assembly: System.Web (in system.web.dll)

public delegate void DataGridItemEventHandler (
	Object sender,
	DataGridItemEventArgs e
)
/** @delegate */
public delegate void DataGridItemEventHandler (
	Object sender, 
	DataGridItemEventArgs e
)
JScript supports the use of delegates, but not the declaration of new ones.

Parameters

sender

The source of the event.

e

A DataGridItemEventArgs that contains the event data.

The ItemCreated event is raised when an item in the DataGrid control is created.

The ItemDataBound event is raised when an item in the DataGrid control is bound to a data source.

When you create a DataGridItemEventHandler delegate, you identify the method that will handle the event. To associate the event with your event handler, add an instance of the delegate to the event. The event handler is called whenever the event occurs, unless you remove the delegate. For more information about event handler delegates, see Events and Delegates.

The following code example demonstrates how to specify and code a handler for the ItemCreated event to display the order in which items are created in the DataGrid control.

<%@ Page Language="C#" AutoEventWireup="True" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Data" %>
 
<html>
<script language="C#" runat="server">
 
   DataTable Cart;
   DataView CartView;
 
   ICollection CreateDataSource() 
   {
      DataTable dt = new DataTable();
      DataRow dr;
 
      dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("IntegerValue", typeof(Int32)));
      dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("StringValue", typeof(string)));
      dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("CurrencyValue", typeof(double)));
 
      for (int i = 0; i < 10; i++) 
      {
         dr = dt.NewRow();
 
         dr[0] = i;
         dr[1] = "Item " + i.ToString();
         dr[2] = 1.23 * (i+1);
 
         dt.Rows.Add(dr);
      }
 
      DataView dv = new DataView(dt);
      return dv;
   }
 
   void Page_Load(Object sender, EventArgs e) 
   {
 
      if (!IsPostBack) 
      {
         // Need to load this data only once.
         ItemsGrid.DataSource = CreateDataSource();
         ItemsGrid.DataBind();
      }
 
   }
 
   void Item_Created(Object sender, DataGridItemEventArgs e) 
   {
 
      Label1.Text = Label1.Text + " " + e.Item.ItemIndex;
 
   }
 
</script>
 
<body>
 
   <form runat=server>

      <h3>DataGridItemEventArgs Example</h3>
 
      <asp:DataGrid id="ItemsGrid" runat="server"
           BorderColor="black"
           BorderWidth="1"
           CellPadding="3"
           ShowFooter="true"
           OnItemCreated="Item_Created"
           AutoGenerateColumns="true">

         <HeaderStyle BackColor="#00aaaa">
         </HeaderStyle>

         <FooterStyle BackColor="#00aaaa">
         </FooterStyle>
   
      </asp:DataGrid>
 
      <br>
 
      <asp:Label id="Label1" 
           Text="Order of items created: " 
           runat="server"/>

      <br>

      <asp:Label id="Label2" 
           Text="Note: The -1's refer to the header and footer." 
           runat="server"/>
 
   </form>
 
</body>
</html>
   


<%@ Page Language="C#" AutoEventWireup="True" Debug="true" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Data" %>
 
<html>
   <script runat="server">
 
      ICollection CreateDataSource()
      {

         // Create sample data for the DataGrid control.
         DataTable dt = new DataTable();
         DataRow dr;
 
         // Define the columns of the table.
         dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("IntegerValue", typeof(Int32)));
         dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("StringValue", typeof(String)));
         dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("CurrencyValue", typeof(Double)));
 
         // Populate the table with sample values.
         for (int i=0; i<=10; i++) 
         {

            dr = dt.NewRow();
 
            dr[0] = i;
            dr[1] = "Item " + i.ToString();
            dr[2] = 1.23 * (i + 1);
 
            dt.Rows.Add(dr);
         
         }
 
         DataView dv = new DataView(dt);

         return dv;
      
      }
 
      void Page_Load(Object sender, EventArgs e)
      { 
 
         // Load sample data only once, when the page is first loaded.
         if (!IsPostBack)
         { 
         
            ItemsGrid.DataSource = CreateDataSource();
            ItemsGrid.DataBind();
         
         }

      }
 
      void Item_Bound(Object sender, DataGridItemEventArgs e) 
      {
 
         // Use the ItemDataBound event to customize the DataGrid control. 
         // The ItemDataBound event allows you to access the data before 
         // the item is displayed in the control. In this example, the 
         // ItemDataBound event is used to format the items in the 
         // CurrencyColumn in currency format.
         if((e.Item.ItemType == ListItemType.Item) || 
             (e.Item.ItemType == ListItemType.AlternatingItem))
         {
 
            // Retrieve the text of the CurrencyColumn from the DataGridItem
            // and convert the value to a Double.
            Double Price = Convert.ToDouble(e.Item.Cells[2].Text);

            // Format the value as currency and redisplay it in the DataGrid.
            e.Item.Cells[2].Text = Price.ToString("c");
        
         }         
 
      }
 
</script>
 
<body>
 
   <form runat=server>

      <h3>DataGrid ItemDataBound Example</h3>
 
      <asp:DataGrid id="ItemsGrid" runat="server"
           BorderColor="black"
           BorderWidth="1"
           CellPadding="3"
           ShowFooter="true"
           OnItemDataBound="Item_Bound">

         <HeaderStyle BackColor="#00aaaa">
         </HeaderStyle>

         <FooterStyle BackColor="#00aaaa">
         </FooterStyle>
   
      </asp:DataGrid>

   </form>
 
</body>
</html>



<%@ Page Language="C#" AutoEventWireup="True" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Data" %>
 
<html>
   <script runat="server">
 
      ICollection CreateDataSource()
      {

         // Create sample data for the DataGrid control.
         DataTable dt = new DataTable();
         DataRow dr;
 
         // Define the columns of the table.
         dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("IntegerValue", typeof(Int32)));
         dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("StringValue", typeof(String)));
         dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("CurrencyValue", typeof(Double)));
 
         // Populate the table with sample values.
         for (int i=0; i<=10; i++) 
         {

            dr = dt.NewRow();
 
            dr[0] = i;
            dr[1] = "Item " + i.ToString();
            dr[2] = 1.23 * (i + 1);
 
            dt.Rows.Add(dr);
         
         }
 
         DataView dv = new DataView(dt);

         return dv;
      
      }
 
      void Page_Load(Object sender, EventArgs e)
      { 
 
         // Manually register the event-handling method for the  
         // ItemDataBound event of the DataGrid control.
         ItemsGrid.ItemDataBound += 
             new DataGridItemEventHandler(this.Item_Bound);

         // Load sample data only once, when the page is first loaded.
         if (!IsPostBack)
         { 
         
            ItemsGrid.DataSource = CreateDataSource();
            ItemsGrid.DataBind();
         
         }

      }
 
      void Item_Bound(Object sender, DataGridItemEventArgs e) 
      {
 
         // Use the ItemDataBound event to customize the DataGrid control. 
         // The ItemDataBound event allows you to access the data before 
         // the item is displayed in the control. In this example, the 
         // ItemDataBound event is used to format the items in the 
         // CurrencyColumn in currency format.
         if((e.Item.ItemType == ListItemType.Item) ||
             (e.Item.ItemType == ListItemType.AlternatingItem))
         {
 
            // Retrieve the text of the CurrencyColumn from the DataGridItem
            // and convert the value to a Double.
            Double Price = Convert.ToDouble(e.Item.Cells[2].Text);

            // Format the value as currency and redisplay it in the DataGrid.
            e.Item.Cells[2].Text = Price.ToString("c");
        
         }         
 
      }
 
</script>
 
<body>
 
   <form runat=server>

      <h3>DataGrid ItemDataBound Example</h3>
 
      <asp:DataGrid id="ItemsGrid" runat="server"
           BorderColor="black"
           BorderWidth="1"
           CellPadding="3"
           ShowFooter="true">

         <HeaderStyle BackColor="#00aaaa">
         </HeaderStyle>

         <FooterStyle BackColor="#00aaaa">
         </FooterStyle>
   
      </asp:DataGrid>

   </form>
 
</body>
</html>


Windows 98, Windows 2000 SP4, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

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