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IHierarchyData Interface

Exposes a node of a hierarchical data structure, including the node object and some properties that describe characteristics of the node. Objects that implement the IHierarchyData interface can be contained in IHierarchicalEnumerable collections, and are used by ASP.NET site navigation and data source controls.

Namespace:  System.Web.UI
Assembly:  System.Web (in System.Web.dll)

[AspNetHostingPermissionAttribute(SecurityAction.InheritanceDemand, Level = AspNetHostingPermissionLevel.Minimal)]
[AspNetHostingPermissionAttribute(SecurityAction.LinkDemand, Level = AspNetHostingPermissionLevel.Minimal)]
public interface IHierarchyData

The IHierarchyData interface is implemented by classes that represent nodes of a hierarchical structure, and track the hierarchical relationships to their parent and child nodes. Classes that implement the IHierarchyData interface can be contained in collections that implement the IHierarchicalEnumerable interface.

The following code example demonstrates how to implement the IHierarchyData interface with a class that wraps a FileSystemInfo object. The FileSystemInfo class is a good example of a hierarchical data node, which the IHierarchyData interface represents for ASP.NET hierarchical data source controls. This code example is part of a larger example provided for the HierarchicalDataSourceControl class.

public class FileSystemHierarchyData : IHierarchyData
{
    private FileSystemInfo fileSystemObject = null;

    public FileSystemHierarchyData(FileSystemInfo obj)
    {
        fileSystemObject = obj;
    }

    public override string ToString()
    {
        return fileSystemObject.Name;
    }
    // IHierarchyData implementation. 
    public bool HasChildren
    {
        get
        {
            if (typeof(DirectoryInfo) == fileSystemObject.GetType())
            {
                DirectoryInfo temp = (DirectoryInfo)fileSystemObject;
                return (temp.GetFileSystemInfos().Length > 0);
            }
            else return false;
        }
    }
    // DirectoryInfo returns the OriginalPath, while FileInfo returns 
    // a fully qualified path. 
    public string Path
    {
        get
        {
            return fileSystemObject.ToString();
        }
    }
    public object Item
    {
        get
        {
            return fileSystemObject;
        }
    }
    public string Type
    {
        get
        {
            return "FileSystemData";
        }
    }
    public IHierarchicalEnumerable GetChildren()
    {
        FileSystemHierarchicalEnumerable children =
            new FileSystemHierarchicalEnumerable();

        if (typeof(DirectoryInfo) == fileSystemObject.GetType())
        {
            DirectoryInfo temp = (DirectoryInfo)fileSystemObject;
            foreach (FileSystemInfo fsi in temp.GetFileSystemInfos())
            {
                children.Add(new FileSystemHierarchyData(fsi));
            }
        }
        return children;
    }

    public IHierarchyData GetParent()
    {
        FileSystemHierarchicalEnumerable parentContainer =
            new FileSystemHierarchicalEnumerable();

        if (typeof(DirectoryInfo) == fileSystemObject.GetType())
        {
            DirectoryInfo temp = (DirectoryInfo)fileSystemObject;
            return new FileSystemHierarchyData(temp.Parent);
        }
        else if (typeof(FileInfo) == fileSystemObject.GetType())
        {
            FileInfo temp = (FileInfo)fileSystemObject;
            return new FileSystemHierarchyData(temp.Directory);
        }
        // If FileSystemObj is any other kind of FileSystemInfo, ignore it. 
        return null;
    }
}

The following code example demonstrates how to recursively iterate through an IHierarchicalEnumerable collection, extract the IHierarchyData item from the enumerator using the GetHierarchyData method, and perform basic work with the data item.

<%@ Page Language="C#" AutoEventWireup="true" CodeFile="ihd_1.aspx.cs" Inherits="ihd_1_aspx" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head runat="server">
    <title>Untitled Page</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
    <div>

    </div>
    </form>
</body>
</html>

Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP Starter Edition, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 98

The .NET Framework and .NET Compact Framework do not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

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