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SoapException Class

The exception that is thrown when an XML Web service method is called over SOAP and an exception occurs.

For a list of all members of this type, see SoapException Members.

System.Object
   System.Exception
      System.SystemException
         System.Web.Services.Protocols.SoapException
            System.Web.Services.Protocols.SoapHeaderException

[Visual Basic]
Public Class SoapException
   Inherits SystemException
[C#]
public class SoapException : SystemException
[C++]
public __gc class SoapException : public SystemException
[JScript]
public class SoapException extends SystemException

Thread Safety

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

Remarks

The SoapException can either be thrown by the common language runtime or by an XML Web service method. The common language runtime can throw a SoapException if a response to a request is not formatted correctly. XML Web service methods can generate a SoapException by simply throwing an exception within the XML Web service method. If the client accessed the method over SOAP, the exception is caught on the server and wrapped inside a new SoapException. The SoapException thrown has the following property values:

Property Value
Message The Message property of the original exception.
Code ServerFaultCode.
Actor The url of the XML Web service method.
Detail A null reference (Nothing in Visual Basic), but an empty detail element is present in the fault element.

An XML Web service method might throw a SoapException, when it is known that clients will be calling using SOAP. If an XML Web service does throw the SoapException, other details can be added through the Actor, Code and Detail properties, that wouldn't otherwise be able to be set by an XML Web service method if another type of exception is thrown.

Example

[Visual Basic, C#] The following example throws a SoapException, where the XML Web service method sets the Detail property.

[Visual Basic] 
<%@ WebService Language="VB" class="ThrowSoapException"%>

Imports System
Imports System.Web.Services
Imports System.Web.Services.Protocols
Imports System.Xml.Serialization
Imports System.Xml

Public Class ThrowSoapException
    Inherits WebService
    
    ' This XML Web service method generates a SOAP Client Fault code 
    <WebMethod()> _
    Public Sub myThrow()
        
        ' Build the detail element of the SOAP fault.
        Dim doc As New System.Xml.XmlDocument()
        Dim node As System.Xml.XmlNode = doc.CreateNode(XmlNodeType.Element, _
            SoapException.DetailElementName.Name, _
            SoapException.DetailElementName.Namespace)
 
        ' Build specific details for the SoapException.
        ' Add first child of detail XML element.
        Dim details As System.Xml.XmlNode = doc.CreateNode(XmlNodeType.Element, _
            "mySpecialInfo1", "http://tempuri.org/")

        ' Add second child of detail XML element with an attribute.
        Dim details2 As System.Xml.XmlNode = doc.CreateNode(XmlNodeType.Element, _
            "mySpecialInfo2", "http://tempuri.org/")
        Dim attr As XmlAttribute = doc.CreateAttribute("t", "attrName", _
            "http://tempuri.org/")
        attr.Value = "attrValue"
        details2.Attributes.Append(attr)

        ' Append the two child elements to the detail node.
        node.AppendChild(details)
        node.AppendChild(details2)
                
        'Throw the exception    
        Dim se As New SoapException("Fault occurred", SoapException.ClientFaultCode, _
                                    Context.Request.Url.AbsoluteUri, node)
        Throw se
        Return
    End Sub
End Class


[C#] 
<%@ WebService Language="C#" class="ThrowSoapException"%>

using System;
using System.Web.Services;
using System.Web.Services.Protocols;
using System.Xml.Serialization;
using System.Xml;

public class ThrowSoapException : WebService 
{
//    This XML Web service method generates a SOAP Client Fault code 
    [WebMethod]
    public void myThrow(){

        // Build the detail element of the SOAP fault.
        System.Xml.XmlDocument doc = new System.Xml.XmlDocument();
        System.Xml.XmlNode node = doc.CreateNode(XmlNodeType.Element, SoapException.DetailElementName.Name, SoapException.DetailElementName.Namespace);


        // Build specific details for the SoapException.
        // Add first child of detail XML element.
        System.Xml.XmlNode details = doc.CreateNode(XmlNodeType.Element, "mySpecialInfo1", "http://tempuri.org/");
        System.Xml.XmlNode detailsChild = doc.CreateNode(XmlNodeType.Element, "childOfSpecialInfo", "http://tempuri.org/");
        details.AppendChild(detailsChild);

            
        // Add second child of detail XML element with an attribute.
        System.Xml.XmlNode details2 = doc.CreateNode(XmlNodeType.Element, "mySpecialInfo2", "http://tempuri.org/");
        XmlAttribute attr = doc.CreateAttribute("t", "attrName", "http://tempuri.org/");
        attr.Value = "attrValue";
        details2.Attributes.Append(attr);

        // Append the two child elements to the detail node.
        node.AppendChild(details);
        node.AppendChild(details2);

            
        //Throw the exception.    
        SoapException se = new SoapException("Fault occurred", SoapException.ClientFaultCode,Context.Request.Url.AbsoluteUri,node);

        throw se;
        return;    }
}

[C++, JScript] No example is available for C++ or JScript. To view a Visual Basic or C# example, click the Language Filter button Language Filter in the upper-left corner of the page.

Requirements

Namespace: System.Web.Services.Protocols

Platforms: Windows 98, Windows NT 4.0, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 2000, Windows XP Home Edition, Windows XP Professional, Windows Server 2003 family, .NET Compact Framework

Assembly: System.Web.Services (in System.Web.Services.dll)

See Also

SoapException Members | System.Web.Services.Protocols Namespace

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