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ProfileBase Class

Provides untyped access to profile property values and information.

Namespace: System.Web.Profile
Assembly: System.Web (in system.web.dll)

public class ProfileBase : SettingsBase
public class ProfileBase extends SettingsBase
public class ProfileBase extends SettingsBase
Not applicable.

ASP.NET uses the ProfileBase class to create the class used for the user profile. When an application that has the user profile enabled is started, ASP.NET creates a new class of type ProfileCommon, which inherits from the ProfileBase class. Strongly typed accessors are added to the ProfileCommon class for each property defined in the profile configuration section. The strongly typed accessors of the ProfileCommon class call the GetPropertyValue and SetPropertyValue methods of the ProfileBase base class to retrieve and set profile property values, respectively. An instance of the ProfileCommon class is set as the value of the Profile property for the ASP.NET application.

To create an instance of a user profile in an ASP.NET application, it is recommended that you use the Create method.

Notes to Inheritors: You can create a custom profile implementation that inherits from the ProfileBase abstract class and defines properties for the user profile that are not specified in the profile configuration element. You can specify a custom user-profile type in the Web.config file with the inherits attribute of the profile configuration element, as shown in the following example. The code for the EmployeeProfile class is included in the Example section of this topic.
<profile inherits="Samples.AspNet.Profile.EmployeeProfile"
  defaultProvider="SqlProvider">
  <providers>
    <clear />
    <add
      name="SqlProvider"
      type="System.Web.Profile.SqlProfileProvider" 
      connectionStringName="SqlServices" 
      description="SQL Profile Provider for Sample"/> 
    <add
      name="EmployeeInfoProvider"
      type="System.Web.Profile.SqlProfileProvider" 
      connectionStringName="SqlServices" 
      description="SQL Profile Provider for Employee Info"/> 
  </providers>

  <properties>
    <add name="GarmentSize" />
  </properties>
</profile>

The following code example shows a Web.config file that specifies a user profile that contains a ZipCode property of type string and a RecentSearchList property of type StringCollection. The generated Profile property of the current HttpContext will have strongly typed accessors for each of the specified properties.

<configuration>
  <connectionStrings>
    <add name="SqlServices" connectionString=
      "Data Source=localhost;Integrated Security=SSPI;Initial Catalog=aspnetdb;" />
  </connectionStrings>

  <system.web>
    <anonymousIdentification enabled="true" />

    <profile enabled="true" defaultProvider="SqlProvider" >
      <providers>
        <add
          name="SqlProvider"
          connectionStringName="SqlServices"
          applicationName="ProfileBaseApplication"
          type="System.Web.Profile.SqlProfileProvider" />
      </providers>

      <properties>
        <add name="ZipCode" allowAnonymous="true" />
        <add name="RecentSearchList"
          type="System.Collections.Specialized.StringCollection"
          serializeAs="Xml"
          allowAnonymous="true" />
      </properties>
    </profile>
  </system.web>
</configuration>

The following code example shows an ASP.NET page that reads and sets the ZipCode property specified for the user profile.

<%@ Page Language="C#" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

public void Page_PreRender()
{
  if (Profile.ZipCode == null)
  {
    PersonalizePanel.Visible = false;
    GetZipCodePanel.Visible = true;
  }
  else
  {
    ZipCodeLabel.Text = Profile.ZipCode;

    // Get personalized information for zip code here.

    PersonalizePanel.Visible = true;
    GetZipCodePanel.Visible = false;
  }
}

public void ChangeZipCode_OnClick(object sender, EventArgs args)
{
  ZipCodeTextBox.Text = Profile.ZipCode;
  Profile.ZipCode = null;

  PersonalizePanel.Visible = false;
  GetZipCodePanel.Visible = true;
}

public void EnterZipCode_OnClick(object sender, EventArgs args)
{
  Profile.ZipCode = ZipCodeTextBox.Text;
}

</script>
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head>
<title>Home Page</title>
</head>
<body>

<form id="form1" runat="server">
  <table border="1" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="2">
    <tr>
      <td>
        <asp:Panel id="PersonalizePanel" runat="Server" Visible="False">
          Information for Zip Code: <asp:Label id="ZipCodeLabel" Runat="Server" /><br />
          <!-- Information for Zip Code here. -->
          <br />
          <asp:LinkButton id="ChangeZipCodeButton" Runat="Server" Text="Change Your Zip Code"
                          OnClick="ChangeZipCode_OnClick" />
        </asp:Panel>
        <asp:Panel id="GetZipCodePanel" runat="Server" Visible="False">
          You can personalize this page by entering your Zip Code: 
          <asp:TextBox id="ZipCodeTextBox" Columns="5" MaxLength="5" runat="Server" />
          <asp:LinkButton id="EnterZipCodeButton" Runat="Server" Text="Go"
                          OnClick="EnterZipCode_OnClick" />
        </asp:Panel>
      </td>
    </tr>
  </table>
</form>

</body>
</html>

The following code example defines a class that inherits from the ProfileBase class to create a custom profile. The type of the custom profile is specified in the inherits attribute of the profile configuration element in the Web.config file for an application.

Security noteSecurity Note:

This example contains a text box that accepts user input, which is a potential security threat. By default, ASP.NET Web pages validate that user input does not include script or HTML elements. For more information, see Script Exploits Overview (Visual Studio).

using System;
using System.Web.Profile;

namespace Samples.AspNet.Profile
{
  public class EmployeeProfile : ProfileBase
  {
    [SettingsAllowAnonymous(false)]
    [ProfileProvider("EmployeeInfoProvider")]
    public string Department
    {
      get { return base["EmployeeDepartment"].ToString(); }
      set { base["EmployeeDepartment"] = value; }
    }

    [SettingsAllowAnonymous(false)]
    [ProfileProvider("EmployeeInfoProvider")]
    public EmployeeInfo Details
    {
      get { return (EmployeeInfo)base["EmployeeInfo"]; }
      set { base["EmployeeInfo"] = value; }
    }

  }

  public class EmployeeInfo
  {
    public string Name;
    public string Address;
    public string Phone;
    public string EmergencyContactName;
    public string EmergencyContactAddress;
    public string EmergencyContactPhone;
  }
}

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

Windows 98, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

The Microsoft .NET Framework 3.0 is supported on Windows Vista, Microsoft Windows XP SP2, and Windows Server 2003 SP1.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.0, 2.0

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