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Type.FindMembers Method

Returns a filtered array of MemberInfo objects of the specified member type.

Namespace:  System
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)
public virtual MemberInfo[] FindMembers(
	MemberTypes memberType,
	BindingFlags bindingAttr,
	MemberFilter filter,
	Object filterCriteria
)

Parameters

memberType
Type: System.Reflection.MemberTypes
A MemberTypes object indicating the type of member to search for.
bindingAttr
Type: System.Reflection.BindingFlags
A bitmask comprised of one or more BindingFlags that specify how the search is conducted.
-or-
Zero, to return null.
filter
Type: System.Reflection.MemberFilter
The delegate that does the comparisons, returning true if the member currently being inspected matches the filterCriteria and false otherwise. You can use the FilterAttribute, FilterName, and FilterNameIgnoreCase delegates supplied by this class. The first uses the fields of FieldAttributes, MethodAttributes, and MethodImplAttributes as search criteria, and the other two delegates use String objects as the search criteria.
filterCriteria
Type: System.Object
The search criteria that determines whether a member is returned in the array of MemberInfo objects.
The fields of FieldAttributes, MethodAttributes, and MethodImplAttributes can be used in conjunction with the FilterAttribute delegate supplied by this class.

Return Value

Type: System.Reflection.MemberInfo[]
A filtered array of MemberInfo objects of the specified member type.
-or-
An empty array of type MemberInfo, if the current Type does not have members of type memberType that match the filter criteria.
ExceptionCondition
ArgumentNullException

filter is null.

This method can be overridden by a derived class.

The following BindingFlags filter flags can be used to define which members to include in the search:

  • You must specify either BindingFlags.Instance or BindingFlags.Static in order to get a return.

  • Specify BindingFlags.Instance to include instance members in the search.

  • Specify BindingFlags.Static to include static members in the search.

  • Specify BindingFlags.Public to include public members in the search.

  • Specify BindingFlags.NonPublic to include non-public members (that is, private and protected members) in the search.

The following BindingFlags modifier flags can be used to change how the search works:

  • BindingFlags.DeclaredOnly to search only the members declared on the Type, not members that were simply inherited.

See System.Reflection.BindingFlags for more information.

Valid values for MemberType are defined in MemberInfo. If no such members are found, an empty array is returned.

To get the class initializer (.cctor) using this method, you must specify BindingFlags.Static | BindingFlags.NonPublic (BindingFlags.Static Or BindingFlags.NonPublic in Visual Basic).

If the current Type represents a type parameter of a generic type or generic method, FindMembers processes any members declared by the class constraint and the interface constraints of the type parameter.

The following example finds all the members in a class that match the specified search criteria, and then displays the matched members.


using System;
using System.Reflection;

class Example
{
    public static void Demo(System.Windows.Controls.TextBlock outputBlock)
    {
        Object obj = "a string";

        // Get the type of the object, and find all the public static or 
        // instance methods that match the filter criteria.
        MemberInfo[] members =
            obj.GetType().FindMembers(MemberTypes.Method, 
                BindingFlags.Public | BindingFlags.Static | BindingFlags.Instance,
                new MemberFilter(PartialName), 
                "ar");

        foreach (MemberInfo mi in members)
        {
            outputBlock.Text += "Found: " + mi.ToString() + "\n";
        }
    }

    public static bool PartialName(MemberInfo candidate, Object part)
    {
        // Test whether the name of the candidate member contains the 
        // specified partial name.
        if (candidate.Name.IndexOf(part.ToString()) > -1) 
        {
            return true;
        }
        else
        {
            return false;
        }
    }
}

/* This example produces the following output:

Found: Char get_Chars(Int32)
Found: Char[] ToCharArray()
Found: System.String TrimStart(Char[])
Found: Int32 Compare(System.String, System.String)
Found: Int32 Compare(System.String, System.String, System.StringComparison)
Found: Int32 Compare(System.String, System.String, System.Globalization.CultureInfo, System.Globalization.CompareOptions)
Found: Int32 Compare(System.String, Int32, System.String, Int32, Int32)
Found: Int32 Compare(System.String, Int32, System.String, Int32, Int32, System.Globalization.CultureInfo, System.Globalization.CompareOptions)
Found: Int32 Compare(System.String, Int32, System.String, Int32, Int32, System.StringComparison)
Found: Int32 CompareTo(System.Object)
Found: Int32 CompareTo(System.String)
Found: Int32 CompareOrdinal(System.String, System.String)
Found: Int32 CompareOrdinal(System.String, Int32, System.String, Int32, Int32)
Found: Boolean StartsWith(System.String)
Found: Boolean StartsWith(System.String, System.StringComparison)
 */


Silverlight

Supported in: 5, 4, 3

Silverlight for Windows Phone

Supported in: Windows Phone OS 7.1, Windows Phone OS 7.0

XNA Framework

Supported in: Xbox 360, Windows Phone OS 7.0

For a list of the operating systems and browsers that are supported by Silverlight, see Supported Operating Systems and Browsers.

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