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WaitOrTimerCallback Delegate

Represents a method to be called when a WaitHandle is signaled or times out.

Namespace: System.Threading
Assembly: mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

[ComVisibleAttribute(true)] 
public delegate void WaitOrTimerCallback (
	Object state,
	bool timedOut
)
/** @delegate */
/** @attribute ComVisibleAttribute(true) */ 
public delegate void WaitOrTimerCallback (
	Object state, 
	boolean timedOut
)
JScript supports the use of delegates, but not the declaration of new ones.

Parameters

state

An object containing information to be used by the callback method each time it executes.

timedOut

true if the WaitHandle timed out; false if it was signaled.

WaitOrTimerCallback represents a callback method that you want to execute when a registered wait handle times out or is signaled. Create the delegate by passing your callback method to the WaitOrTimerCallback constructor. Your method must have the signature shown here.

Create the registered wait handle by passing the WaitOrTimerCallback delegate and a WaitHandle to ThreadPool.RegisterWaitForSingleObject. Your callback method executes each time the WaitHandle times out or is signaled.

NoteNote

Visual Basic users can omit the WaitOrTimerCallback constructor, and simply use the AddressOf operator when passing the callback method to RegisterWaitForSingleObject. Visual Basic automatically calls the correct delegate constructor.

If you want to pass information to your callback method, create an object that contains the necessary information and pass it to RegisterWaitForSingleObject when you create the registered wait handle. Each time your callback method executes, the state parameter contains this object.

For more information about using callback methods to synchronize thread pool threads, see The Managed Thread Pool.

using System;
using System.Threading;

// TaskInfo contains data that will be passed to the callback
// method.
public class TaskInfo {
    public RegisteredWaitHandle Handle = null;
    public string OtherInfo = "default";
}

public class Example {
    public static void Main(string[] args) {
        // The main thread uses AutoResetEvent to signal the
        // registered wait handle, which executes the callback
        // method.
        AutoResetEvent ev = new AutoResetEvent(false);

        TaskInfo ti = new TaskInfo();
        ti.OtherInfo = "First task";
        // The TaskInfo for the task includes the registered wait
        // handle returned by RegisterWaitForSingleObject.  This
        // allows the wait to be terminated when the object has
        // been signaled once (see WaitProc).
        ti.Handle = ThreadPool.RegisterWaitForSingleObject(
            ev,
            new WaitOrTimerCallback(WaitProc),
            ti,
            1000,
            false
        );

        // The main thread waits three seconds, to demonstrate the
        // time-outs on the queued thread, and then signals.
        Thread.Sleep(3100);
        Console.WriteLine("Main thread signals.");
        ev.Set();

        // The main thread sleeps, which should give the callback
        // method time to execute.  If you comment out this line, the
        // program usually ends before the ThreadPool thread can execute.
        Thread.Sleep(1000);
        // If you start a thread yourself, you can wait for it to end
        // by calling Thread.Join.  This option is not available with 
        // thread pool threads.
    }
   
    // The callback method executes when the registered wait times out,
    // or when the WaitHandle (in this case AutoResetEvent) is signaled.
    // WaitProc unregisters the WaitHandle the first time the event is 
    // signaled.
    public static void WaitProc(object state, bool timedOut) {
        // The state object must be cast to the correct type, because the
        // signature of the WaitOrTimerCallback delegate specifies type
        // Object.
        TaskInfo ti = (TaskInfo) state;

        string cause = "TIMED OUT";
        if (!timedOut) {
            cause = "SIGNALED";
            // If the callback method executes because the WaitHandle is
            // signaled, stop future execution of the callback method
            // by unregistering the WaitHandle.
            if (ti.Handle != null)
                ti.Handle.Unregister(null);
        } 

        Console.WriteLine("WaitProc( {0} ) executes on thread {1}; cause = {2}.",
            ti.OtherInfo, 
            Thread.CurrentThread.GetHashCode().ToString(), 
            cause
        );
    }
}

import System.*;
import System.Threading.*;
import System.Threading.Thread;

// TaskInfo contains data that will be passed to the callback
// method.
public class TaskInfo
{
    public RegisteredWaitHandle handle = null;
    public String otherInfo = "default";
} //TaskInfo

public class Example
{
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        // The main thread uses AutoResetEvent to signal the
        // registered wait Handle, which executes the callback
        // method.
        AutoResetEvent ev = new AutoResetEvent(false);
        TaskInfo ti = new TaskInfo();

        ti.otherInfo = "First task";

        // The TaskInfo for the task includes the registered wait
        // Handle returned by RegisterWaitForSingleObject.  This
        // allows the wait to be terminated when the object has
        // been signaled once (see WaitProc).
        ti.handle = ThreadPool.RegisterWaitForSingleObject(ev, 
            new WaitOrTimerCallback(WaitProc), ti, 1000, false);

        // The main thread waits three seconds, to demonstrate the
        // time-outs on the queued thread, and then signals.
        Thread.Sleep(3100);
        Console.WriteLine("Main thread signals.");
        ev.Set();

        // The main thread sleeps, which should give the callback
        // method time to execute.  If you comment out this line, the
        // program usually ends before the ThreadPool thread can execute.
        Thread.Sleep(1000);
        // If you start a thread yourself, you can wait for it to end
        // by calling Thread.Join.  This option is not available with 
        // thread pool threads.
    } //main

    // The callback method executes when the registered wait times out,
    // or when the WaitHandle (in this case AutoResetEvent) is signaled.
    // WaitProc unregisters the WaitHandle the first time the event is 
    // signaled.
    public static void WaitProc(Object state, boolean timedOut)
    {
        // The state object must be cast to the correct type, because the
        // signature of the WaitOrTimerCallback delegate specifies type
        // Object.
        TaskInfo ti = ((TaskInfo)(state));
        String cause = "TIMED OUT";

        if (!(timedOut)) {
            cause = "SIGNALED";

            // If the callback method executes because the WaitHandle is
            // signaled, stop future execution of the callback method
            // by unregistering the WaitHandle.
            if (ti.handle != null) {
                ti.handle.Unregister(null);
            }
        }

        Console.WriteLine("WaitProc( {0} ) executes " 
            + "on thread {1}; cause = {2}.",
            ti.otherInfo, 
            String.valueOf(Thread.get_CurrentThread().GetHashCode()),cause);
    } //WaitProc
} //Example

Windows 98, Windows 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

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