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Thread.Interrupt Method

Interrupts a thread that is in the WaitSleepJoin thread state.

Namespace: System.Threading
Assembly: mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public void Interrupt ()
public void Interrupt ()
public function Interrupt ()
Exception typeCondition

SecurityException

The caller does not have the appropriate SecurityPermission.

If this thread is not currently blocked in a wait, sleep, or join state, it will be interrupted when it next begins to block.

ThreadInterruptedException is thrown in the interrupted thread, but not until the thread blocks. If the thread never blocks, the exception is never thrown, and thus the thread might complete without ever being interrupted.

The following code example shows the behavior of a running thread when it is interrupted and subsequently gets blocked.

using System;
using System.Security.Permissions;
using System.Threading;

[assembly: SecurityPermissionAttribute(SecurityAction.RequestMinimum,
    ControlThread = true)]

class ThreadInterrupt
{
    static void Main()
    {
        StayAwake stayAwake = new StayAwake();
        Thread newThread = 
            new Thread(new ThreadStart(stayAwake.ThreadMethod));
        newThread.Start();

        // The following line causes an exception to be thrown 
        // in ThreadMethod if newThread is currently blocked
        // or becomes blocked in the future.
        newThread.Interrupt();
        Console.WriteLine("Main thread calls Interrupt on newThread.");

        // Tell newThread to go to sleep.
        stayAwake.SleepSwitch = true;

        // Wait for newThread to end.
        newThread.Join();
    }
}

class StayAwake
{
    bool sleepSwitch = false;

    public bool SleepSwitch
    {
        set{ sleepSwitch = value; }
    }

    public StayAwake(){}

    public void ThreadMethod()
    {
        Console.WriteLine("newThread is executing ThreadMethod.");
        while(!sleepSwitch)
        {
            // Use SpinWait instead of Sleep to demonstrate the 
            // effect of calling Interrupt on a running thread.
            Thread.SpinWait(10000000);
        }
        try
        {
            Console.WriteLine("newThread going to sleep.");

            // When newThread goes to sleep, it is immediately 
            // woken up by a ThreadInterruptedException.
            Thread.Sleep(Timeout.Infinite);
        }
        catch(ThreadInterruptedException e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("newThread cannot go to sleep - " +
                "interrupted by main thread.");
        }
    }
}

import System.*;
import System.Security.Permissions.*;
import System.Threading.*;
import System.Threading.Thread;

/** @assembly SecurityPermissionAttribute(SecurityAction.RequestMinimum,
    ControlThread = true)
 */

class ThreadInterrupt
{
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        StayAwake stayAwake =  new StayAwake();
        Thread newThread =  new Thread(new ThreadStart(stayAwake.ThreadMethod));
        newThread.Start();
      
        // The following line causes an exception to be thrown 
        // in ThreadMethod if newThread is currently blocked
        // or becomes blocked in the future.
        newThread.Interrupt();
        Console.WriteLine("Main thread calls Interrupt on newThread.");
      
        // Tell newThread to go to sleep.
        stayAwake.set_SleepSwitch(true);
      
        // Wait for newThread to end.
        newThread.Join();
   } //main
} //ThredInterrupt

class StayAwake
{
    private boolean sleepSwitch = false;

    /** @property
     */
    public void set_SleepSwitch(boolean value)
    {
        sleepSwitch = value;
    } //set_SleepSwitch

    public StayAwake()
    {
    } //StayAwake

    public void ThreadMethod()
    {
        Console.WriteLine("newThread is executing ThreadMethod.");
        while (!(sleepSwitch)) {
            // Use SpinWait instead of Sleep to demonstrate the 
            // effect of calling Interrupt on a running thread.
            Thread.SpinWait(10000000);
        }

        try {
            Console.WriteLine("newThread going to sleep.");

            // When newThread goes to sleep, it is immediately 
            // woken up by a ThreadInterruptedException.
            Thread.Sleep(Timeout.Infinite);
        }
        catch (ThreadInterruptedException e) {
            Console.WriteLine(("newThread cannot go to sleep - " 
                + "nterrupted by main thread."));
        }
    } //ThreadMethod
} //StayAwake

Windows 98, Windows 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 2.0, 1.1, 1.0
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