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EventWaitHandle.SetAccessControl Method

Note: This method is new in the .NET Framework version 2.0.

Sets the access control security for a named system event.

Namespace: System.Threading
Assembly: mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public void SetAccessControl (
	EventWaitHandleSecurity eventSecurity
)
public void SetAccessControl (
	EventWaitHandleSecurity eventSecurity
)
public function SetAccessControl (
	eventSecurity : EventWaitHandleSecurity
)

Parameters

eventSecurity

An EventWaitHandleSecurity object that represents the access control security to be applied to the named system event.

Exception typeCondition

ArgumentNullException

eventSecurity is a null reference (Nothing in Visual Basic).

UnauthorizedAccessException

The user does not have EventWaitHandleRights.ChangePermissions.

-or-

The event was not opened with EventWaitHandleRights.ChangePermissions.

SystemException

The current EventWaitHandle object does not represent a named system event.

The user must have EventWaitHandleRights.ChangePermissions rights to call this method, and the event must have been opened with the EventWaitHandleRights.ChangePermissions flag.

The following code example demonstrates the cross-process behavior of a named system event with access control security. The example uses the OpenExisting(String) method overload to test for the existence of a named event.

If the event does not exist, it is created with initial ownership and access control security that denies the current user the right to use the event, but grants the right to read and change permissions on the event.

If you run the compiled example from two command windows, the second copy will throw an access violation exception on the call to OpenExisting(String). The exception is caught, and the example uses the OpenExisting(String,EventWaitHandleRights) method overload to wait on the event with the rights needed to read and change the permissions.

After the permissions are changed, using the SetAccessControl method, the event is opened with the rights required to wait on it and signal it. If you run the compiled example from a third command window, the example runs using the new permissions.

using System;
using System.Threading;
using System.Security.AccessControl;

internal class Example
{
    internal static void Main()
    {
        const string ewhName = "EventWaitHandleExample5";

        EventWaitHandle ewh = null;
        bool doesNotExist = false;
        bool unauthorized = false;

        // The value of this variable is set by the event
        // constructor. It is true if the named system event was
        // created, and false if the named event already existed.
        //
        bool wasCreated;

        // Attempt to open the named event.
        try
        {
            // Open the event with (EventWaitHandleRights.Synchronize
            // | EventWaitHandleRights.Modify), to wait on and 
            // signal the named event.
            //
            ewh = EventWaitHandle.OpenExisting(ewhName);
        }
        catch (WaitHandleCannotBeOpenedException)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Named event does not exist.");
            doesNotExist = true;
        }
        catch (UnauthorizedAccessException ex)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Unauthorized access: {0}", ex.Message);
            unauthorized = true;
        }

        // There are three cases: (1) The event does not exist.
        // (2) The event exists, but the current user doesn't 
        // have access. (3) The event exists and the user has
        // access.
        //
        if (doesNotExist)
        {
            // The event does not exist, so create it.

            // Create an access control list (ACL) that denies the
            // current user the right to wait on or signal the 
            // event, but allows the right to read and change
            // security information for the event.
            //
            string user = Environment.UserDomainName + "\\"
                + Environment.UserName;
            EventWaitHandleSecurity ewhSec = 
                new EventWaitHandleSecurity();

            EventWaitHandleAccessRule rule = 
                new EventWaitHandleAccessRule(user, 
                    EventWaitHandleRights.Synchronize | 
                    EventWaitHandleRights.Modify, 
                    AccessControlType.Deny);
            ewhSec.AddAccessRule(rule);

            rule = new EventWaitHandleAccessRule(user, 
                EventWaitHandleRights.ReadPermissions | 
                EventWaitHandleRights.ChangePermissions, 
                AccessControlType.Allow);
            ewhSec.AddAccessRule(rule);

            // Create an EventWaitHandle object that represents
            // the system event named by the constant 'ewhName', 
            // initially signaled, with automatic reset, and with
            // the specified security access. The Boolean value that 
            // indicates creation of the underlying system object
            // is placed in wasCreated.
            //
            ewh = new EventWaitHandle(true, 
                EventResetMode.AutoReset, 
                ewhName, 
                out wasCreated, 
                ewhSec);

            // If the named system event was created, it can be
            // used by the current instance of this program, even 
            // though the current user is denied access. The current
            // program owns the event. Otherwise, exit the program.
            // 
            if (wasCreated)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Created the named event.");
            }
            else
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Unable to create the event.");
                return;
            }
        }
        else if (unauthorized)
        {
            // Open the event to read and change the access control
            // security. The access control security defined above
            // allows the current user to do this.
            //
            try
            {
                ewh = EventWaitHandle.OpenExisting(ewhName, 
                    EventWaitHandleRights.ReadPermissions | 
                    EventWaitHandleRights.ChangePermissions);

                // Get the current ACL. This requires 
                // EventWaitHandleRights.ReadPermissions.
                EventWaitHandleSecurity ewhSec = ewh.GetAccessControl();
                
                string user = Environment.UserDomainName + "\\"
                    + Environment.UserName;

                // First, the rule that denied the current user 
                // the right to enter and release the event must
                // be removed.
                EventWaitHandleAccessRule rule = 
                    new EventWaitHandleAccessRule(user, 
                        EventWaitHandleRights.Synchronize | 
                        EventWaitHandleRights.Modify, 
                        AccessControlType.Deny);
                ewhSec.RemoveAccessRule(rule);

                // Now grant the user the correct rights.
                // 
                rule = new EventWaitHandleAccessRule(user, 
                    EventWaitHandleRights.Synchronize | 
                    EventWaitHandleRights.Modify, 
                    AccessControlType.Allow);
                ewhSec.AddAccessRule(rule);

                // Update the ACL. This requires
                // EventWaitHandleRights.ChangePermissions.
                ewh.SetAccessControl(ewhSec);

                Console.WriteLine("Updated event security.");

                // Open the event with (EventWaitHandleRights.Synchronize 
                // | EventWaitHandleRights.Modify), the rights required
                // to wait on and signal the event.
                //
                ewh = EventWaitHandle.OpenExisting(ewhName);

            }
            catch (UnauthorizedAccessException ex)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Unable to change permissions: {0}",
                    ex.Message);
                return;
            }

        }

        // Wait on the event, and hold it until the program
        // exits.
        //
        try
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Wait on the event.");
            ewh.WaitOne();
            Console.WriteLine("Event was signaled.");
            Console.WriteLine("Press the Enter key to signal the event and exit.");
            Console.ReadLine();
        }
        catch (UnauthorizedAccessException ex)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Unauthorized access: {0}", ex.Message);
        }
        finally
        {
            ewh.Set();
        }
    }
}

Windows 98, Windows 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 2.0

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