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EncryptedKey Class

Note: This class is new in the .NET Framework version 2.0.

Represents the <EncryptedKey> element in XML encryption. This class cannot be inherited.

Namespace: System.Security.Cryptography.Xml
Assembly: System.Security (in system.security.dll)

public sealed class EncryptedKey : EncryptedType
public final class EncryptedKey extends EncryptedType
public final class EncryptedKey extends EncryptedType

This class represents the <EncryptedKey> element in XML encryption. The <EncryptedKey> element is used to send encryption keys. It can be created in a stand-alone XML document, be placed within an application document, or be inside an <EncryptedData> element as a child of a <KeyInfo> element. The key value is always encrypted to the recipient. When <EncryptedKey> is decrypted, the resulting key is made available to the <EncryptionMethod> algorithm without any additional processing.

The <EncryptedKey> element is similar to the <EncryptedData> element of the EncryptedData class except that the data encrypted is always a key value.

The following code example illustrates how to encrypt and decrypt an XML element using the EncryptedKey class. This example then displays the values of various properties of the EncryptedKey class to the console.

using System;
using System.Xml;
using System.Security.Cryptography;
using System.Security.Cryptography.Xml;

class Program
{
	static void Main(string[] args)
	{

		// Create an XmlDocument object.
		XmlDocument xmlDoc = new XmlDocument();

		// Load an XML file into the XmlDocument object.
		try
		{
			xmlDoc.PreserveWhitespace = true;
			xmlDoc.Load("test.xml");
		}
		catch (Exception e)
		{
			Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
		}

		// Create a new RSA key.  This key will encrypt a symmetric key,
		// which will then be imbedded in the XML document.  
		RSA rsaKey = new RSACryptoServiceProvider();


		try
		{
			// Encrypt the "creditcard" element.
			Encrypt(xmlDoc, "creditcard", rsaKey, "rsaKey");

			// Inspect the EncryptedKey element.
			InspectElement(xmlDoc);

			// Decrypt the "creditcard" element.
			Decrypt(xmlDoc, rsaKey, "rsaKey");

		}
		catch (Exception e)
		{
			Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
		}
		finally
		{
			// Clear the RSA key.
			rsaKey.Clear();
		}

	}

	public static void Encrypt(XmlDocument Doc, string ElementToEncrypt, RSA Alg, string KeyName)
	{
		// Check the arguments.  
		if (Doc == null)
			throw new ArgumentNullException("Doc");
		if (ElementToEncrypt == null)
			throw new ArgumentNullException("ElementToEncrypt");
		if (Alg == null)
			throw new ArgumentNullException("Alg");

		////////////////////////////////////////////////
		// Find the specified element in the XmlDocument
		// object and create a new XmlElemnt object.
		////////////////////////////////////////////////

		XmlElement elementToEncrypt = Doc.GetElementsByTagName(ElementToEncrypt)[0] as XmlElement;

		// Throw an XmlException if the element was not found.
		if (elementToEncrypt == null)
		{
			throw new XmlException("The specified element was not found");

		}

		//////////////////////////////////////////////////
		// Create a new instance of the EncryptedXml class 
		// and use it to encrypt the XmlElement with the 
		// a new random symmetric key.
		//////////////////////////////////////////////////

		// Create a 256 bit Rijndael key.
		RijndaelManaged sessionKey = new RijndaelManaged();
		sessionKey.KeySize = 256;

		EncryptedXml eXml = new EncryptedXml();

		byte[] encryptedElement = eXml.EncryptData(elementToEncrypt, sessionKey, false);

		////////////////////////////////////////////////
		// Construct an EncryptedData object and populate
		// it with the desired encryption information.
		////////////////////////////////////////////////


		EncryptedData edElement = new EncryptedData();
		edElement.Type = EncryptedXml.XmlEncElementUrl;

		// Create an EncryptionMethod element so that the 
		// receiver knows which algorithm to use for decryption.

		edElement.EncryptionMethod = new EncryptionMethod(EncryptedXml.XmlEncAES256Url);

		// Encrypt the session key and add it to an EncryptedKey element.
		EncryptedKey ek = new EncryptedKey();

		byte[] encryptedKey = EncryptedXml.EncryptKey(sessionKey.Key, Alg, false);

		ek.CipherData = new CipherData(encryptedKey);

		ek.EncryptionMethod = new EncryptionMethod(EncryptedXml.XmlEncRSA15Url);

		// Set the KeyInfo element to specify the
		// name of the RSA key.

		// Create a new KeyInfo element.
		edElement.KeyInfo = new KeyInfo();

		// Create a new KeyInfoName element.
		KeyInfoName kin = new KeyInfoName();

		// Specify a name for the key.
		kin.Value = KeyName;

		// Add the KeyInfoName element to the 
		// EncryptedKey object.
		ek.KeyInfo.AddClause(kin);

		// Add the encrypted key to the 
		// EncryptedData object.

		edElement.KeyInfo.AddClause(new KeyInfoEncryptedKey(ek));

		// Add the encrypted element data to the 
		// EncryptedData object.
		edElement.CipherData.CipherValue = encryptedElement;

		////////////////////////////////////////////////////
		// Replace the element from the original XmlDocument
		// object with the EncryptedData element.
		////////////////////////////////////////////////////

		EncryptedXml.ReplaceElement(elementToEncrypt, edElement, false);

	}

	public static void Decrypt(XmlDocument Doc, RSA Alg, string KeyName)
	{
		// Check the arguments.  
		if (Doc == null)
			throw new ArgumentNullException("Doc");
		if (Alg == null)
			throw new ArgumentNullException("Alg");
		if (KeyName == null)
			throw new ArgumentNullException("KeyName");

		// Create a new EncryptedXml object.
		EncryptedXml exml = new EncryptedXml(Doc);

		// Add a key-name mapping.
		// This method can only decrypt documents
		// that present the specified key name.
		exml.AddKeyNameMapping(KeyName, Alg);

		// Decrypt the element.
		exml.DecryptDocument();

	}

	static void InspectElement(XmlDocument Doc)
	{
		// Get the EncryptedKey element from the XMLDocument object.
		XmlElement encryptedKey = Doc.GetElementsByTagName("EncryptedKey")[0] as XmlElement;

		// Create a new EncryptedKey object.
		EncryptedKey k = new EncryptedKey();

		// Load the XML from the document to
		// initialize the EncryptedKey object.
		k.LoadXml(encryptedKey);

		// Display the properties.
		// Most values are Null by default.
		Console.WriteLine("EncryptedKey.KeyInfo: " + k.KeyInfo.GetXml().InnerXml);
		Console.WriteLine("EncryptedKey.Id: " + k.Id);
		Console.WriteLine("EncryptedKey.CarriedKeyName: " + k.CarriedKeyName);
		Console.WriteLine("EncryptedKey.CipherData: " + k.CipherData.GetXml().InnerXml);
		Console.WriteLine("EncryptedKey.Encoding: " + k.Encoding);
		Console.WriteLine("EncryptedKey.EncryptionMethod: " + k.EncryptionMethod.GetXml().InnerXml);
		if (k.EncryptionProperties.Count >= 1)
		{
			Console.WriteLine("EncryptedKey.EncryptionProperties: " + k.EncryptionProperties[0].GetXml().InnerXml);
		}
		Console.WriteLine("EncryptedKey.MimeType: " + k.MimeType);
		Console.WriteLine("EncryptedKey.Recipient: " + k.Recipient);

		if (k.ReferenceList.Count >= 1)
		{
			Console.WriteLine("EncryptedKey.ReferenceList: " + k.ReferenceList[0].GetXml().InnerXml);
		}
	}

}

System.Object
   System.Security.Cryptography.Xml.EncryptedType
    System.Security.Cryptography.Xml.EncryptedKey
Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

Windows 98, Windows 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 2.0
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