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X509Certificate2 Class

Note: This class is new in the .NET Framework version 2.0.

Represents an X.509 certificate. This class cannot be inherited.

Namespace: System.Security.Cryptography.X509Certificates
Assembly: System (in system.dll)

public class X509Certificate2 : X509Certificate
public class X509Certificate2 extends X509Certificate
public class X509Certificate2 extends X509Certificate

The X.509 structure originated in the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) working groups. This structure can be used to represent various types of information including identity, entitlement, and holder attributes (permissions, age, sex, location, affiliation, and so forth). Although the ISO specifications are most informative on the structure itself, the X509Certificate2 class is designed to model the usage scenarios defined in specifications issued by the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) Public Key Infrastructure, X.509 (PKIX) working group. The most informative of these specifications is RFC 3280, "Certificate and Certificate Revocation List (CRL) Profile."

The following code example creates a command-line executable that takes a certificate file as an argument and prints various certificate properties to the console.

#using <System.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Security::Cryptography;
using namespace System::Security::Permissions;
using namespace System::IO;
using namespace System::Security::Cryptography::X509Certificates;

//Reads a file.
array<Byte>^ ReadFile( String^ fileName )
{
   FileStream^ f = gcnew FileStream( fileName,FileMode::Open,FileAccess::Read );
   int size = (int)f->Length;
   array<Byte>^data = gcnew array<Byte>(size);
   size = f->Read( data, 0, size );
   f->Close();
   return data;
}

int main()
{
   array<String^>^args = Environment::GetCommandLineArgs();
   
   //Test for correct number of arguments.
   if ( args->Length < 2 )
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "Usage: CertInfo <filename>" );
      return  -1;
   }

   try
   {
      System::Security::Cryptography::X509Certificates::X509Certificate2 ^ x509 = 
            gcnew System::Security::Cryptography::X509Certificates::X509Certificate2;
      
      //Create X509Certificate2 object from .cer file.
      array<Byte>^rawData = ReadFile( args[ 1 ] );
      x509->Import(rawData);
      
      //Print to console information contained in the certificate.
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}Subject: {1}{0}", Environment::NewLine, x509->Subject );
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}Issuer: {1}{0}", Environment::NewLine, x509->Issuer );
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}Version: {1}{0}", Environment::NewLine, x509->Version );
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}Valid Date: {1}{0}", Environment::NewLine, x509->NotBefore );
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}Expiry Date: {1}{0}", Environment::NewLine, x509->NotAfter );
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}Thumbprint: {1}{0}", Environment::NewLine, x509->Thumbprint );
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}Serial Number: {1}{0}", Environment::NewLine, x509->SerialNumber );
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}Friendly Name: {1}{0}", Environment::NewLine, x509->PublicKey->Oid->FriendlyName );
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}Public Key Format: {1}{0}", Environment::NewLine, x509->PublicKey->EncodedKeyValue->Format(true) );
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}Raw Data Length: {1}{0}", Environment::NewLine, x509->RawData->Length );
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}Certificate to string: {1}{0}", Environment::NewLine, x509->ToString( true ) );
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}Certificate to XML String: {1}{0}", Environment::NewLine, x509->PublicKey->Key->ToXmlString( false ) );
      
      //Add the certificate to a X509Store.
      X509Store ^ store = gcnew X509Store;
      store->Open( OpenFlags::MaxAllowed );
      store->Add( x509 );
      store->Close();
   }
   catch ( DirectoryNotFoundException^ ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "Error: The directory specified could not be found." );
   }
   catch ( IOException^ ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "Error: A file in the directory could not be accessed." );
   }
   catch ( NullReferenceException^ ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "File must be a .cer file. Program does not have access to that type of file." );
   }

}


System.Object
   System.Security.Cryptography.X509Certificates.X509Certificate
    System.Security.Cryptography.X509Certificates.X509Certificate2
Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

Windows 98, Windows 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 2.0

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