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Rijndael Class

Represents the base class from which all implementations of the Rijndael symmetric encryption algorithm must inherit.

Namespace: System.Security.Cryptography
Assembly: mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

[ComVisibleAttribute(true)] 
public abstract class Rijndael : SymmetricAlgorithm
/** @attribute ComVisibleAttribute(true) */ 
public abstract class Rijndael extends SymmetricAlgorithm
ComVisibleAttribute(true) 
public abstract class Rijndael extends SymmetricAlgorithm

This algorithm supports key lengths of 128, 192, or 256 bits.

The following code example uses the Rijndael class to encrypt and then decrypt data.

using System;
using System.Security.Cryptography;
using System.Text;
using System.IO;

class RijndaelSample
{

    static void Main()
    {
        try
        {
            // Create a new Rijndael object to generate a key
            // and initialization vector (IV).
            Rijndael RijndaelAlg = Rijndael.Create();

            // Create a string to encrypt.
            string sData = "Here is some data to encrypt.";
            string FileName = "CText.txt";

            // Encrypt text to a file using the file name, key, and IV.
            EncryptTextToFile(sData, FileName, RijndaelAlg.Key, RijndaelAlg.IV);

            // Decrypt the text from a file using the file name, key, and IV.
            string Final = DecryptTextFromFile(FileName, RijndaelAlg.Key, RijndaelAlg.IV);

            // Display the decrypted string to the console.
            Console.WriteLine(Final);
        }
        catch (Exception e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
        }

        Console.ReadLine();
    }

    public static void EncryptTextToFile(String Data, String FileName, byte[] Key, byte[] IV)
    {
        try
        {
            // Create or open the specified file.
            FileStream fStream = File.Open(FileName, FileMode.OpenOrCreate);

            // Create a new Rijndael object.
            Rijndael RijndaelAlg = Rijndael.Create();

            // Create a CryptoStream using the FileStream 
            // and the passed key and initialization vector (IV).
            CryptoStream cStream = new CryptoStream(fStream,
                RijndaelAlg.CreateEncryptor(Key, IV),
                CryptoStreamMode.Write);

            // Create a StreamWriter using the CryptoStream.
            StreamWriter sWriter = new StreamWriter(cStream);

            try
            {
                // Write the data to the stream 
                // to encrypt it.
                sWriter.WriteLine(Data);
            }
            catch (Exception e)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("An error occurred: {0}", e.Message);
            }
            finally
            {
                // Close the streams and
                // close the file.
                sWriter.Close();
                cStream.Close();
                fStream.Close();
            }
        }
        catch (CryptographicException e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("A Cryptographic error occurred: {0}", e.Message);
        }
        catch (UnauthorizedAccessException e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("A file error occurred: {0}", e.Message);
        }

    }

    public static string DecryptTextFromFile(String FileName, byte[] Key, byte[] IV)
    {
        try
        {
            // Create or open the specified file. 
            FileStream fStream = File.Open(FileName, FileMode.OpenOrCreate);

            // Create a new Rijndael object.
            Rijndael RijndaelAlg = Rijndael.Create();

            // Create a CryptoStream using the FileStream 
            // and the passed key and initialization vector (IV).
            CryptoStream cStream = new CryptoStream(fStream,
                RijndaelAlg.CreateDecryptor(Key, IV),
                CryptoStreamMode.Read);

            // Create a StreamReader using the CryptoStream.
            StreamReader sReader = new StreamReader(cStream);

            string val = null;

            try
            {
                // Read the data from the stream 
                // to decrypt it.
                val = sReader.ReadLine();


            }
            catch (Exception e)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("An error occurred: {0}", e.Message);
            }
            finally
            {

                // Close the streams and
                // close the file.
                sReader.Close();
                cStream.Close();
                fStream.Close();
            }

            // Return the string. 
            return val;
        }
        catch (CryptographicException e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("A Cryptographic error occurred: {0}", e.Message);
            return null;
        }
        catch (UnauthorizedAccessException e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("A file error occurred: {0}", e.Message);
            return null;
        }
    }
}

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

Windows 98, Windows 2000 SP4, Windows CE, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows Mobile for Pocket PC, Windows Mobile for Smartphone, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Compact Framework

Supported in: 2.0

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