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HMACRIPEMD160 Class

Note: This class is new in the .NET Framework version 2.0.

Computes a Hash-based Message Authentication Code (HMAC) using the RIPEMD160 hash function.

Namespace: System.Security.Cryptography
Assembly: mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

[ComVisibleAttribute(true)] 
public class HMACRIPEMD160 : HMAC
/** @attribute ComVisibleAttribute(true) */ 
public class HMACRIPEMD160 extends HMAC
ComVisibleAttribute(true) 
public class HMACRIPEMD160 extends HMAC

HMACRIPEMD160 is a type of keyed hash algorithm that is constructed from the RIPEMD160 hash function and used as a Hash-based Message Authentication Code (HMAC). The HMAC process mixes a secret key with the message data, hashes the result with the hash function, mixes that hash value with the secret key again, and then applies the hash function a second time. The output hash is 160 bits in length.

An HMAC can be used to determine whether a message sent over an insecure channel has been tampered with, provided that the sender and receiver share a secret key. The sender computes the hash value for the original data and sends both the original data and hash value as a single message. The receiver recalculates the hash value on the received message and checks that the computed HMAC matches the transmitted HMAC.

Any change to the data or the hash value will result in a mismatch, because knowledge of the secret key is required to change the message and reproduce the correct hash value. Therefore, if the original and computed hash values match, the message is authenticated.

HMACRIPEMD160 accepts keys of any size, and produces a hash sequence that is 160 bits long.

The RIPEMD hash algorithm and its successors were developed by the European RIPE project. The original RIPEMD algorithm was designed to replace MD4 and MD5 and was later strengthened and renamed RIPEMD-160. The RIPEMD-160 hash algorithm produces a 160-bit hash value. The algorithm's designers have placed it in the public domain .

The following code example shows how to encode a file using the HMACRIPEMD160 object and then how to decode the file.

using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Security.Cryptography;

public class HMACRIPEMD160example
{
	// Computes a keyed hash for a source file, creates a target file with the keyed hash
	// prepended to the contents of the source file, then decrypts the file and compares
	// the source and the decrypted files.
	public static void EncodeFile(byte[] key, String sourceFile, String destFile)
	{
		// Initialize the keyed hash object.
		HMACRIPEMD160 myhmacRIPEMD160 = new HMACRIPEMD160(key);
		FileStream inStream = new FileStream(sourceFile, FileMode.Open);
		FileStream outStream = new FileStream(destFile, FileMode.Create);
		// Compute the hash of the input file.
		byte[] hashValue = myhmacRIPEMD160.ComputeHash(inStream);
		// Reset inStream to the beginning of the file.
		inStream.Position = 0;
		// Write the computed hash value to the output file.
		outStream.Write(hashValue, 0, hashValue.Length);
		// Copy the contents of the sourceFile to the destFile.
		int bytesRead;
		// read 1K at a time
		byte[] buffer = new byte[1024]; 
		do
		{
			// Read from the wrapping CryptoStream.
			bytesRead = inStream.Read(buffer,0,1024); 
			outStream.Write(buffer, 0, bytesRead);
		} while (bytesRead > 0); 
		myhmacRIPEMD160.Clear();
		// Close the streams
		inStream.Close();
		outStream.Close();
		return;
	} // end EncodeFile


	// Decrypt the encoded file and compare to original file.
	public static bool DecodeFile(byte[] key, String sourceFile)
	{
		// Initialize the keyed hash object. 
		HMACRIPEMD160 hmacRIPEMD160 = new HMACRIPEMD160(key);
		// Create an array to hold the keyed hash value read from the file.
		byte[] storedHash = new byte[hmacRIPEMD160.HashSize/8];
		// Create a FileStream for the source file.
		FileStream inStream = new FileStream(sourceFile, FileMode.Open);
		// Read in the storedHash.
		inStream.Read(storedHash, 0, storedHash.Length);
		// Compute the hash of the remaining contents of the file.
		// The stream is properly positioned at the beginning of the content, 
		// immediately after the stored hash value.
		byte[] computedHash = hmacRIPEMD160.ComputeHash(inStream);
		// compare the computed hash with the stored value
		for (int i =0; i < storedHash.Length; i++)
		{
			if (computedHash[i] != storedHash[i])
			{
				Console.WriteLine("Hash values differ! Encoded file has been tampered with!");
				return false;
			}
		}
		Console.WriteLine("Hash values agree -- no tampering occurred.");
		return true;
	} //end DecodeFile

	private const string usageText = "Usage: HMACRIPEMD160 inputfile.txt encryptedfile.hsh\nYou must specify the two file names. Only the first file must exist.\n";
	public static void Main(string[] Fileargs)
	{
		//If no file names are specified, write usage text.
		if (Fileargs.Length < 2)
		{
			Console.WriteLine(usageText);
		}
		else
		{
			try
			{
				// Create a random key using a random number generator. This would be the
				//  secret key shared by sender and receiver.
				byte[] secretkey = new Byte[64];
				//RNGCryptoServiceProvider is an implementation of a random number generator.
				RNGCryptoServiceProvider rng = new RNGCryptoServiceProvider();
				// The array is now filled with cryptographically strong random bytes.
				rng.GetBytes(secretkey); 

				// Use the secret key to encode the message file.
				EncodeFile(secretkey, Fileargs[0], Fileargs[1]);

				// Take the encoded file and decode
				DecodeFile(secretkey, Fileargs[1]);
			}
			catch (IOException e)
			{
				Console.WriteLine("Error: File not found",e);
			}
		} //end if-else

	}  //end main
} //end class

import System.*;
import System.IO.*;
import System.Security.Cryptography.*;

public class HMACRIPEMD160Example
{
    // Computes a keyed hash for a source file, creates a target file with the
    //  keyed hash prepended to the contents of the source file, then decrypts
    //  the file and compares the source and the decrypted files.
    public static void EncodeFile(ubyte key[], String sourceFile, 
        String destFile)
    {
        // Initialize the keyed hash object.
        HMACRIPEMD160 myhmacRIPEMD160 = new HMACRIPEMD160(key);
        FileStream inStream = new FileStream(sourceFile, FileMode.Open);
        FileStream outStream = new FileStream(destFile, FileMode.Create);

        // Compute the hash of the input file.
        ubyte hashValue[] = myhmacRIPEMD160.ComputeHash(inStream);

        // Reset inStream to the beginning of the file.
        inStream.set_Position(0);

        // Write the computed hash value to the output file.
        outStream.Write(hashValue, 0, hashValue.length);

        // Copy the contents of the sourceFile to the destFile.
        int bytesRead;

        // read 1K at a time
        ubyte buffer[] = new ubyte[1024];
        do {
            // Read from the wrapping CryptoStream.
            bytesRead = inStream.Read(buffer, 0, 1024);
            outStream.Write(buffer, 0, bytesRead);
        } while (bytesRead > 0);
        myhmacRIPEMD160.Clear();

        // Close the streams
        inStream.Close();
        outStream.Close();
        return;
    } // end EncodeFile
    
    // Decrypt the encoded file and compare to original file.
    public static boolean DecodeFile(ubyte[] key, String sourceFile)
    {
        // Initialize the keyed hash object. 
        HMACRIPEMD160 hmacRIPEMD160 = new HMACRIPEMD160(key);

        // Create an array to hold the keyed hash value read from the file.
        ubyte storedHash[] = new ubyte[hmacRIPEMD160.get_HashSize() / 8];

        // Create a FileStream for the source file.
        FileStream inStream = new FileStream(sourceFile, FileMode.Open);

        // Read in the storedHash.
        inStream.Read(storedHash, 0, storedHash.length);

        // Compute the hash of the remaining contents of the file.
        // The stream is properly positioned at the beginning of the content, 
        // immediately after the stored hash value.
        ubyte computedHash[] = hmacRIPEMD160.ComputeHash(inStream);

        // compare the computed hash with the stored value
        for (int i = 0; i < storedHash.length; i++) {
            if (computedHash.get_Item(i) != storedHash.get_Item(i)) {
                Console.WriteLine("Hash values differ! Encoded file has been" 
                    + "tampered with!");
                return false;
            }
        }
        Console.WriteLine("Hash values agree -- no tampering occurred.");
        return true;
    } //end DecodeFile

    private static String usageText = "Usage: HMACRIPEMD160 inputfile.txt " 
        + "encryptedfile.hsh\nYou must specify the two file names. Only the " 
        + " first file must exist.\n";

    public static void main(String[] fileargs)
    {
        //If no file names are specified, write usage text.
        if (fileargs.length < 2) {
            Console.WriteLine(usageText);
        }
        else {
            try {
                // Create a random key using a random number generator. This 
                // would be the secret key shared by sender and receiver.
                ubyte secretKey[] = new ubyte[64];

                //RNGCryptoServiceProvider is an implementation of a random
                // number generator.
                RNGCryptoServiceProvider rng = new RNGCryptoServiceProvider();

                // The array is now filled with cryptographically strong
                // random bytes.
                rng.GetBytes(secretKey);

                // Use the secret key to encode the message file.
                EncodeFile(secretKey, fileargs[0], fileargs[1]);

                // Take the encoded file and decode
                DecodeFile(secretKey, fileargs[1]);
            }
            catch (IOException e) {
                Console.WriteLine("Error: File not found", e);
            }
        }//end if-else
    } //end main
} //end class HMACRIPEMD160Example

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

Windows 98, Windows 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 2.0

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