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IMessage Interface

Contains communication data sent between cooperating message sinks.

Namespace: System.Runtime.Remoting.Messaging
Assembly: mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

[ComVisibleAttribute(true)] 
public interface IMessage
/** @attribute ComVisibleAttribute(true) */ 
public interface IMessage
ComVisibleAttribute(true) 
public interface IMessage

Message sinks that use IMessage can be placed in the client sink chains or in the server sink chains. A message object is passed from message sink to message sink through the chain, and carries a set of named properties such as action identifiers, envoy information, and parameters.

An object that implements the IMessage interface meets the minimum qualifications to be considered a message object. The exact object received by a message sink does not have to be passed on to the next sink, but this is often the case.

Although the objects in the property bag do not have to be serializable, the message sink implementer needs to consider this, since the properties that flow out of the application domain must be serializable.

// Create a custom 'RealProxy'.
public class MyProxy : RealProxy
{
   String myURIString;
   MarshalByRefObject myMarshalByRefObject;   

   [PermissionSet(SecurityAction.LinkDemand)]
   public MyProxy(Type myType) : base(myType)
   {
      // RealProxy uses the Type to generate a transparent proxy.
      myMarshalByRefObject = (MarshalByRefObject)Activator.CreateInstance((myType));
      // Get 'ObjRef', for transmission serialization between application domains.
      ObjRef myObjRef = RemotingServices.Marshal(myMarshalByRefObject);
      // Get the 'URI' property of 'ObjRef' and store it.
      myURIString = myObjRef.URI;
      Console.WriteLine("URI :{0}", myObjRef.URI);
   }

   [SecurityPermissionAttribute(SecurityAction.LinkDemand, Flags=SecurityPermissionFlag.Infrastructure)]
   public override IMessage Invoke(IMessage myIMessage)
   {
      Console.WriteLine("MyProxy.Invoke Start");
      Console.WriteLine("");

      if (myIMessage is IMethodCallMessage)
         Console.WriteLine("IMethodCallMessage");

      if (myIMessage is IMethodReturnMessage)
         Console.WriteLine("IMethodReturnMessage");

      Type msgType = myIMessage.GetType();
      Console.WriteLine("Message Type: {0}", msgType.ToString());
      Console.WriteLine("Message Properties");
      IDictionary myIDictionary = myIMessage.Properties;
      // Set the '__Uri' property of 'IMessage' to 'URI' property of 'ObjRef'.
      myIDictionary["__Uri"] = myURIString;
      IDictionaryEnumerator myIDictionaryEnumerator = 
         (IDictionaryEnumerator) myIDictionary.GetEnumerator();

      while (myIDictionaryEnumerator.MoveNext())
      {
         Object myKey = myIDictionaryEnumerator.Key;
         String myKeyName = myKey.ToString();
         Object myValue = myIDictionaryEnumerator.Value;

         Console.WriteLine("\t{0} : {1}", myKeyName, 
            myIDictionaryEnumerator.Value);
         if (myKeyName == "__Args")
         {
            Object[] myObjectArray = (Object[])myValue;
            for (int aIndex = 0; aIndex < myObjectArray.Length; aIndex++)
               Console.WriteLine("\t\targ: {0} myValue: {1}", aIndex, 
                  myObjectArray[aIndex]);
         }

         if ((myKeyName == "__MethodSignature") && (null != myValue))
         {
            Object[] myObjectArray = (Object[])myValue;
            for (int aIndex = 0; aIndex < myObjectArray.Length; aIndex++)
               Console.WriteLine("\t\targ: {0} myValue: {1}", aIndex, 
                  myObjectArray[aIndex]);
         }
      }
      
      IMessage myReturnMessage;

      myIDictionary["__Uri"] = myURIString;
      Console.WriteLine("__Uri {0}", myIDictionary["__Uri"]);

      Console.WriteLine("ChannelServices.SyncDispatchMessage");
      myReturnMessage = ChannelServices.SyncDispatchMessage(myIMessage);

      // Push return value and OUT parameters back onto stack.

      IMethodReturnMessage myMethodReturnMessage = (IMethodReturnMessage)
         myReturnMessage;
      Console.WriteLine("IMethodReturnMessage.ReturnValue: {0}", 
         myMethodReturnMessage.ReturnValue);

      Console.WriteLine("MyProxy.Invoke - Finish");

      return myReturnMessage;
   }
}

// Create a custom 'RealProxy'.
/** @attribute SecurityPermission(SecurityAction.Demand, Flags = SecurityPermissionFlag.Infrastructure) */
public class MyProxy extends RealProxy
{
    private String myURIString;
    private MarshalByRefObject myMarshalByRefObject;

    public MyProxy(Type myType)
    {
        super(myType);

        // RealProxy uses the Type to generate a transparent proxy.
        myMarshalByRefObject = 
            (MarshalByRefObject)(Activator.CreateInstance(myType));

        // Get 'ObjRef', for transmission serialization between 
        // application domains.
        ObjRef myObjRef = RemotingServices.Marshal(myMarshalByRefObject);

        // Get the 'URI' property of 'ObjRef' and store it.
        myURIString = myObjRef.get_URI();
        Console.WriteLine("URI :{0}", myObjRef.get_URI());
    } //MyProxy

    public IMessage Invoke(IMessage myIMessage)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("MyProxy.Invoke Start");
        Console.WriteLine("");
        if (myIMessage instanceof IMethodCallMessage) {
            Console.WriteLine("IMethodCallMessage");
        }

        if (myIMessage instanceof IMethodReturnMessage) {
            Console.WriteLine("IMethodReturnMessage");
        }

        Type msgType = myIMessage.GetType();

        Console.WriteLine("Message Type: {0}", msgType.ToString());
        Console.WriteLine("Message Properties");

        IDictionary myIDictionary = myIMessage.get_Properties();

        // Set the '__Uri' property of 'IMessage' to 'URI' property of 'ObjRef'.
        myIDictionary.set_Item("__Uri", myURIString);

        IDictionaryEnumerator myIDictionaryEnumerator = 
            (IDictionaryEnumerator)(myIDictionary.GetEnumerator());
        while (myIDictionaryEnumerator.MoveNext()) {
            Object myKey = myIDictionaryEnumerator.get_Key();
            String myKeyName = myKey.ToString();
            Object myValue = myIDictionaryEnumerator.get_Value();
            Console.WriteLine("\t{0} : {1}", myKeyName, 
                myIDictionaryEnumerator.get_Value());

            if (myKeyName.Equals("__Args")) {
                Object myObjectArray[] = (Object[])myValue;
                for (int aIndex = 0; aIndex < myObjectArray.length; aIndex++) {
                    Console.WriteLine("\t\targ: {0} myValue: {1}", 
                        (Int32)aIndex, myObjectArray.get_Item(aIndex));
                }
            }

            if (myKeyName.Equals("__MethodSignature") && null != myValue) {
                Object myObjectArray[] = (Object[])myValue;
                for (int aIndex = 0; aIndex < myObjectArray.length; aIndex++) {
                    Console.WriteLine("\t\targ: {0} myValue: {1}", 
                        (Int32)aIndex, myObjectArray.get_Item(aIndex));
                }
            }
        }

        IMessage myReturnMessage;
        myIDictionary.set_Item("__Uri", myURIString);
        Console.WriteLine("__Uri {0}", myIDictionary.get_Item("__Uri"));
        Console.WriteLine("ChannelServices.SyncDispatchMessage");
        myReturnMessage = ChannelServices.SyncDispatchMessage(myIMessage);

        // Push return value and OUT parameters back onto stack.
        IMethodReturnMessage myMethodReturnMessage = 
            (IMethodReturnMessage)myReturnMessage;
        Console.WriteLine("IMethodReturnMessage.ReturnValue: {0}", 
            myMethodReturnMessage.get_ReturnValue());
        Console.WriteLine("MyProxy.Invoke - Finish");
        return myReturnMessage;
    } //Invoke
} //MyProxy

Windows 98, Windows 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

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