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MemberInfo Class

Obtains information about the attributes of a member and provides access to member metadata.

Namespace: System.Reflection
Assembly: mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

[SerializableAttribute] 
[ClassInterfaceAttribute(ClassInterfaceType.None)] 
[ComVisibleAttribute(true)] 
public abstract class MemberInfo : ICustomAttributeProvider, _MemberInfo
/** @attribute SerializableAttribute() */ 
/** @attribute ClassInterfaceAttribute(ClassInterfaceType.None) */ 
/** @attribute ComVisibleAttribute(true) */ 
public abstract class MemberInfo implements ICustomAttributeProvider, _MemberInfo
SerializableAttribute 
ClassInterfaceAttribute(ClassInterfaceType.None) 
ComVisibleAttribute(true) 
public abstract class MemberInfo implements ICustomAttributeProvider, _MemberInfo

The MemberInfo class is the abstract base class for classes used to obtain information about all members of a class (constructors, events, fields, methods, and properties).

This class introduces the basic functionality that all members provide.

Notes to Inheritors When you inherit from MemberInfo you must override the following members: GetCustomAttributes and IsDefined.

This example shows how to use various reflection classes to analyze the metadata contained in an assembly.

Imports System
Imports System.Reflection

Module Module1

    Sub Main()
        ' This variable holds the amount of indenting that 
        ' should be used when displaying each line of information.
        Dim indent As Int32 = 0
        ' Display information about the EXE assembly.
        Dim a As [Assembly] = System.Reflection.Assembly.GetExecutingAssembly()
        Display(indent, "Assembly identity={0}", a.FullName)
        Display(indent + 1, "Codebase={0}", a.CodeBase)

        ' Display the set of assemblies our assemblies references.
        Dim an As AssemblyName
        Display(indent, "Referenced assemblies:")
        For Each an In a.GetReferencedAssemblies()
            Display(indent + 1, "Name={0}, Version={1}, Culture={2}, PublicKey token={3}", _
                an.Name, an.Version, an.CultureInfo.Name, BitConverter.ToString(an.GetPublicKeyToken))
        Next
        Display(indent, "")

        ' Display information about each assembly loading into this AppDomain.
        For Each a In AppDomain.CurrentDomain.GetAssemblies()
            Display(indent, "Assembly: {0}", a)

            ' Display information about each module of this assembly.
            Dim m As [Module]
            For Each m In a.GetModules(True)
                Display(indent + 1, "Module: {0}", m.Name)
            Next

            ' Display information about each type exported from this assembly.
            Dim t As Type
            indent += 1
            For Each t In a.GetExportedTypes()
                Display(0, "")
                Display(indent, "Type: {0}", t)

                ' For each type, show its members & their custom attributes.
                Dim mi As MemberInfo
                indent += 1
                For Each mi In t.GetMembers()
                    Display(indent, "Member: {0}", mi.Name)
                    DisplayAttributes(indent, mi)

                    ' If the member is a method, display information about its parameters.
                    Dim pi As ParameterInfo
                    If mi.MemberType = MemberTypes.Method Then
                        For Each pi In CType(mi, MethodInfo).GetParameters()
                            Display(indent + 1, "Parameter: Type={0}, Name={1}", pi.ParameterType, pi.Name)
                        Next
                    End If

                    ' If the member is a property, display information about the property's accessor methods.
                    If mi.MemberType = MemberTypes.Property Then
                        Dim am As MethodInfo
                        For Each am In CType(mi, PropertyInfo).GetAccessors()
                            Display(indent + 1, "Accessor method: {0}", am)
                        Next
                    End If
                Next
                indent -= 1
            Next
            indent -= 1
        Next
    End Sub

    ' Displays the custom attributes applied to the specified member.
    Sub DisplayAttributes(ByVal indent As Int32, ByVal mi As MemberInfo)
        ' Get the set of custom attributes; if none exist, just return.
        Dim attrs() As Object = mi.GetCustomAttributes(False)
        If attrs.Length = 0 Then Return

        ' Display the custom attributes applied to this member.
        Display(indent + 1, "Attributes:")
        Dim o As Object
        For Each o In attrs
            Display(indent + 2, "{0}", o.ToString())
        Next
    End Sub

    ' Display a formatted string indented by the specified amount.
    Sub Display(ByVal indent As Int32, ByVal format As String, ByVal ParamArray params() As Object)
        Console.Write(New String(" "c, indent * 2))
        Console.WriteLine(format, params)
    End Sub
End Module

'The output shown below is abbreviated.
'
'Assembly identity=Reflection, Version=0.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=null
'  Codebase=file:///C:/Reflection.exe
'Referenced assemblies:
'  Name=mscorlib, Version=1.0.5000.0, Culture=, PublicKey token=B7-7A-5C-56-19-34-E0-89
'  Name=Microsoft.VisualBasic, Version=7.0.5000.0, Culture=, PublicKey token=B0-3F-5F-7F-11-D5-0A-3A
'
'Assembly: mscorlib, Version=1.0.5000.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=b77a5c561934e089
'  Module: mscorlib.dll
'  Module: prc.nlp
'  Module: prcp.nlp
'  Module: ksc.nlp
'  Module: ctype.nlp
'  Module: xjis.nlp
'  Module: bopomofo.nlp
'  Module: culture.nlp
'  Module: region.nlp
'  Module: sortkey.nlp
'  Module: charinfo.nlp
'  Module: big5.nlp
'  Module: sorttbls.nlp
'  Module: l_intl.nlp
'  Module: l_except.nlp
'
'  Type: System.Object
'    Member: GetHashCode
'    Member: Equals
'      Parameter: Type=System.Object, Name=obj
'    Member: ToString
'    Member: Equals
'      Parameter: Type=System.Object, Name=objA
'      Parameter: Type=System.Object, Name=objB
'    Member: ReferenceEquals
'      Parameter: Type=System.Object, Name=objA
'      Parameter: Type=System.Object, Name=objB
'    Member: GetType
'    Member: .ctor
'
'  Type: System.ICloneable
'    Member: Clone
'
'  Type: System.Collections.IEnumerable
'    Member: GetEnumerator
'      Attributes:
'        System.Runtime.InteropServices.DispIdAttribute
'
'  Type: System.Collections.ICollection
'    Member: get_IsSynchronized
'    Member: get_SyncRoot
'    Member: get_Count
'    Member: CopyTo
'      Parameter: Type=System.Array, Name=array
'      Parameter: Type=System.Int32, Name=index
'    Member: Count
'      Accessor method: Int32 get_Count()
'    Member: SyncRoot
'      Accessor method: System.Object get_SyncRoot()
'    Member: IsSynchronized
'      Accessor method: Boolean get_IsSynchronized()
'

This type is safe for multithreaded operations.

Windows 98, Windows 2000 SP4, Windows CE, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows Mobile for Pocket PC, Windows Mobile for Smartphone, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Compact Framework

Supported in: 2.0, 1.0

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