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Path.GetExtension Method

Returns the extension of the specified path string.

Namespace: System.IO
Assembly: mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public static string GetExtension (
	string path
)
public static String GetExtension (
	String path
)
public static function GetExtension (
	path : String
) : String

Parameters

path

The path string from which to get the extension.

Return Value

A String containing the extension of the specified path (including the "."), a null reference (Nothing in Visual Basic), or Empty. If path is a null reference (Nothing in Visual Basic), GetExtension returns a null reference (Nothing in Visual Basic). If path does not have extension information, GetExtension returns Empty.

Exception typeCondition

ArgumentException

path contains one or more of the invalid characters defined in InvalidPathChars, or contains a wildcard character.

The extension of path is obtained by searching path for a period (.), starting with the last character in path and continuing toward the start of path. If a period is found before a DirectorySeparatorChar or AltDirectorySeparatorChar character, the returned string contains the period and the characters after it; otherwise, Empty is returned.

For an example of using this method, see the Example section below. The following table lists examples of other typical or related I/O tasks.

To do this...

See the example in this topic...

Create a text file.

How to: Write Text to a File

Write to a text file.

How to: Write Text to a File

Read from a text file.

How to: Read Text from a File

Retrieve the fully qualified path of a file.

GetFullPath

Retrieve the file name and extension from a path.

GetFileName

Retrieve only the file name from a path.

GetFileNameWithoutExtension

Change the extension of a file.

ChangeExtension

The following code example demonstrates using the GetExtension method on a Windows-based desktop platform.

string fileName = @"C:\mydir.old\myfile.ext";
string path = @"C:\mydir.old\";
string extension;

extension = Path.GetExtension(fileName);
Console.WriteLine("GetExtension('{0}') returns '{1}'", 
    fileName, extension);

extension = Path.GetExtension(path);
Console.WriteLine("GetExtension('{0}') returns '{1}'", 
    path, extension);

// This code produces output similar to the following:
//
// GetExtension('C:\mydir.old\myfile.ext') returns '.ext'
// GetExtension('C:\mydir.old\') returns ''

String fileName = "C:\\mydir.old\\myfile.ext";
String path = "C:\\mydir.old\\";
String extension;

extension = Path.GetExtension(fileName);
Console.WriteLine("GetExtension('{0}') returns '{1}'",
    fileName,extension);

extension = Path.GetExtension(path);
Console.WriteLine("GetExtension('{0}') returns '{1}'", path,extension);

var fileName : String = "C:\\mydir.old\\myfile.ext";
var path : String = "C:\\mydir.old\\";
var extension : String;

extension = Path.GetExtension(fileName);
Console.WriteLine("GetExtension('{0}') returns '{1}'", 
                  fileName, extension);

extension = Path.GetExtension(path);
Console.WriteLine("GetExtension('{0}') returns '{1}'", 
                  path, extension);

Windows 98, Windows 2000 SP4, Windows CE, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows Mobile for Pocket PC, Windows Mobile for Smartphone, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Compact Framework

Supported in: 2.0, 1.0

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