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File.GetAttributes Method

Updated: October 2010

Gets the FileAttributes of the file on the path.

Namespace:  System.IO
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public static FileAttributes GetAttributes(
	string path
)

Parameters

path
Type: System.String

The path to the file.

Return Value

Type: System.IO.FileAttributes
The FileAttributes of the file on the path.

ExceptionCondition
ArgumentException

path is empty, contains only white spaces, or contains invalid characters.

PathTooLongException

The specified path, file name, or both exceed the system-defined maximum length. For example, on Windows-based platforms, paths must be less than 248 characters, and file names must be less than 260 characters.

NotSupportedException

path is in an invalid format.

FileNotFoundException

path represents a file and is invalid, such as being on an unmapped drive, or the file cannot be found.

DirectoryNotFoundException

path represents a directory and is invalid, such as being on an unmapped drive, or the directory cannot be found.

IOException

This file is being used by another process.

UnauthorizedAccessException

The caller does not have the required permission.

The path parameter is permitted to specify relative or absolute path information. Relative path information is interpreted as relative to the current working directory. To obtain the current working directory, see GetCurrentDirectory.

For a list of common I/O tasks, see Common I/O Tasks.

The following example demonstrates the GetAttributes and SetAttributes methods by applying the Archive and Hidden attributes to a file.

using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Text;

class Test
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        string path = @"c:\temp\MyTest.txt";

        // Create the file if it exists. 
        if (!File.Exists(path))
        {
            File.Create(path);
        }

        FileAttributes attributes = File.GetAttributes(path);

        if ((attributes & FileAttributes.Hidden) == FileAttributes.Hidden)
        {
            // Show the file.
            attributes = RemoveAttribute(attributes, FileAttributes.Hidden);
            File.SetAttributes(path, attributes);
            Console.WriteLine("The {0} file is no longer hidden.", path);
        }
        else
        {
            // Hide the file.
            File.SetAttributes(path, File.GetAttributes(path) | FileAttributes.Hidden);
            Console.WriteLine("The {0} file is now hidden.", path);
        }
    }

    private static FileAttributes RemoveAttribute(FileAttributes attributes, FileAttributes attributesToRemove)
    {
        return attributes & ~attributesToRemove;
    }
}

Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP Starter Edition, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 98

The .NET Framework and .NET Compact Framework do not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

Date

History

Reason

October 2010

Added UnauthorizedAccessException and changed example to correctly remove attributes.

Customer feedback.

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