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Query Design Tools in Reporting Services

Updated: 14 April 2006

Reporting Services provides a variety of query design tools that you can use to create queries in Report Designer. The kind of data that you are working with determines the availability of a particular query designer. In addition, some query designers provide alternate modes so that you can choose whether to work in visual mode or directly in the query language. This topic introduces each tool and describes the type of data source each one supports. The following tools are described in this topic:

  • Generic Query Designer
  • Graphical Query Designer
  • Report Model Query Designer
  • MDX Query Designer
  • DMX Query Designer

All of the query design tools run in the data design environment of Business Intelligence Development Studio when you work with a Report Server project template or Report Server Wizard project template. For more information about working with the query designers, see Defining Report Datasets.

The generic query designer is the default query building tool for most supported relational data sources, including Microsoft SQL Server, Oracle, OLE DB, XML Web services, and ODBC. In contrast with the graphical query designer, this query design tool does not validate query syntax during query design. The generic query designer is recommended for creating complex queries, stored procedures, querying XML data, and for writing dynamic queries.

The following image provides an illustration of the generic query designer after the query is defined and the rowset is returned. The toolbar provides options for switching to the graphical query designer, running the query, refreshing the pane, and managing the dataset:

Screenshot of the Generic Query Designer

For more information, see SQL Server Query Designer User Interface.

The graphical query designer is a query design tool used in several Microsoft products and in other SQL Server components. It provides a visual design environment for selecting tables and columns. It builds joins and the Transact-SQL statements for you automatically when you select which columns to use.

The following image provides an illustration of the graphical query designer. To use the graphical query designer, you must toggle the generic query designer button on the Report Designer toolbar:

Screenshot of graphical query designer

For more information, see SQL Server Query Designer User Interface.

The Report Model query designer is used to create or modify queries that run against a report model that has been published to a report server. Reports that run against models support clickthrough data exploration. The query determines the path of data exploration at run time.

To use the Report Model query designer, you must define a data source that points to a published model. When you specify the data source, the Report Model query designer opens in Data view so that you can create the semantic query. The Report Model query designer can be used in graphical or generic modes. You can toggle the generic query designer button on the toolbar to switch modes. For more information, see How to: Create a Report Model Data Source (Report Designer).

The following image provides an illustration of the Report Model query designer in design mode:

Screenshot of Report Model Builder

For more information, see SMDL Query Designer User Interface.

The MDX query designer is used for creating queries that run against an Analysis Services or other multidimensional data source. This query designer becomes available when you create a dataset in Report Designer that uses an Analysis Services or SAP NetWeaver BI data source. The following image provides an illustration of the MDX query designer after the query and filter are defined. You can use the toolbar to switch query modes and languages, and configure options on the query:

Screen shot of MDX Query Designer

For more information, see Analysis Services MDX Query Designer User Interface and SAP NetWeaver BI Query Designer User Interface.

You can use the DMX query designer to retrieve data from a data mining model. To use this query designer, you must have an Analysis Services data source that includes a data mining model. After you select the model, you can create data mining prediction queries that provide data to a report. For more information about this query designer, see Using Analysis Services DMX Query Designer.

Analysis Services DMX query designer, design view

For more information, see Analysis Services DMX Query Designer User Interface.

Release History

14 April 2006

New content:
  • DMX query designer.
  • Links to query designer help topics.
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