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How to: Declare Abstract and Sealed Properties

Although specified as valid in the ECMA C++/CLI , in the Visual C++ compiler you cannot specify the abstract (Visual C++) or sealed keywords on trivial properties, or on the property declaration of a non-trivial property.

To declare a sealed or abstract property, you must define a non-trivial property and specify the abstract or sealed keywords on the get and set accessor functions.

// properties_abstract_sealed.cpp
// compile with: /clr
ref struct A {
protected:
   int m_i;

public:
   A() { m_i = 87; }

   // define abstract property
   property int Prop_1 {
      virtual int get() abstract;
      virtual void set(int i) abstract;
   }
};

ref struct B : A {
private:
   int m_i;

public:
   B() { m_i = 86; }

   // implement abstract property
   property int Prop_1 {
      virtual int get() override { return m_i; }
      virtual void set(int i) override { m_i = i; }
   }
};

ref struct C {
private:
   int m_i;

public:
   C() { m_i = 87; }

   // define sealed property
   property int Prop_2 {
      virtual int get() sealed { return m_i; }
      virtual void set(int i) sealed { m_i = i; };
   }
};

int main() {
   B b1;
   // call implementation of abstract property
   System::Console::WriteLine(b1.Prop_1);

   C c1;
   // call sealed property
   System::Console::WriteLine(c1.Prop_2);
}
86
87

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