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sp_add_alert (Transact-SQL)

sp_add_alert [ @name = ] 'name' 
     [ , [ @message_id = ] message_id ] 
     [ , [ @severity = ] severity ] 
     [ , [ @enabled = ] enabled ]
     [ , [ @delay_between_responses = ] delay_between_responses ] 
     [ , [ @notification_message = ] 'notification_message' ] 
     [ , [ @include_event_description_in = ] include_event_description_in ] 
     [ , [ @database_name = ] 'database' ] 
     [ , [ @event_description_keyword = ] 'event_description_keyword_pattern' ] 
     [ , { [ @job_id = ] job_id | [ @job_name = ] 'job_name' } ] 
     [ , [ @raise_snmp_trap = ] raise_snmp_trap ] 
     [ , [ @performance_condition = ] 'performance_condition' ] 
     [ , [ @category_name = ] 'category' ] 
     [ , [ @wmi_namespace = ] 'wmi_namespace' ]
     [ , [ @wmi_query = ] 'wmi_query' ]

[ @name = ] 'name'

The name of the alert. The name appears in the e-mail or pager message sent in response to the alert. It must be unique and can contain the percent (%) character. name is sysname, with no default.

[ @message_id = ] message_id

The message error number that defines the alert. (It usually corresponds to an error number in the sysmessages table.) message_id is int, with a default of 0. If severity is used to define the alert, message_id must be 0 or NULL.

NoteNote

Only sysmessages errors written to the Microsoft Windows application log can cause an alert to be sent.

[ @severity = ] severity

The severity level (from 1 through 25) that defines the alert. Any SQL Server message stored in the sysmessages table sent to the Microsoft Windows application log with the indicated severity causes the alert to be sent. severity is int, with a default of 0. If message_id is used to define the alert, severity must be 0.

[ @enabled = ] enabled

Indicates the current status of the alert. enabled is tinyint, with a default of 1 (enabled). If 0, the alert is not enabled and does not fire.

[ @delay_between_responses = ] delay_between_responses

The wait period, in seconds, between responses to the alert. delay_between_responsesis int, with a default of 0, which means there is no waiting between responses (each occurrence of the alert generates a response). The response can be in either or both of these forms:

  • One or more notifications sent through e-mail or pager.

  • A job to execute.

By setting this value, it is possible to prevent, for example, unwanted e-mail messages from being sent when an alert repeatedly occurs in a short period of time.

[ @notification_message = ] 'notification_message'

Is an optional additional message sent to the operator as part of the e-mail, net send, or pager notification. notification_message is nvarchar(512), with a default of NULL. Specifying notification_message is useful for adding special notes such as remedial procedures.

[ @include_event_description_in = ] include_event_description_in

Is whether the description of the SQL Server error should be included as part of the notification message. include_event_description_in is tinyint, with a default of 5 (e-mail and net send), and can have one or more of these values combined with an OR logical operator.

Important noteImportant

The Pager and net send options will be removed from SQL Server Agent in a future version of MicrosoftSQL Server. Avoid using these features in new development work, and plan to modify applications that currently use these features.

Value

Description

0 (default)

None

1

E-mail

2

Pager

4

net send

[ @database_name = ] 'database'

The database in which the error must occur for the alert to fire. If databaseis not supplied, the alert fires regardless of where the error occurred. database is sysname. Names that are enclosed in brackets ([ ]) are not allowed. The default value is NULL.

[ @event_description_keyword = ] 'event_description_keyword_pattern'

The sequence of characters that the description of the SQL Server error must be like. Transact-SQL LIKE expression pattern-matching characters can be used. event_description_keyword_pattern is nvarchar(100), with a default of NULL. This parameter is useful for filtering object names (for example, %customer_table%).

[ @job_id = ] job_id

The job identification number of the job to run in response to this alert. job_id is uniqueidentifier, with a default of NULL.

[ @job_name = ] 'job_name'

The name of the job to be executed in response to this alert. job_nameis sysname, with a default of NULL.

NoteNote

Either job_id or job_name must be specified, but both cannot be specified.

[ @raise_snmp_trap = ] raise_snmp_trap

Not implemented in SQL Server version 7.0. raise_snmp_trap is tinyint, with a default of 0.

[ @performance_condition = ] 'performance_condition'

Is a value expressed in the format 'itemcomparatorvalue'. performance_condition is nvarchar(512) with a default of NULL, and consists of these elements.

Format element

Description

Item

A performance object, performance counter, or named instance of the counter

Comparator

One of these operators: >, <, or =

Value

Numeric value of the counter

[ @category_name = ] 'category'

The name of the alert category. category is sysname, with a default of NULL.

[ @wmi_namespace= ] 'wmi_namespace'

The WMI namespace to query for events. wmi_namespace is sysname, with a default of NULL. Only namespaces on the local server are supported.

[ @wmi_query= ] 'wmi_query'

The query that specifies the WMI event for the alert. wmi_query is nvarchar(512), with a default of NULL.

0 (success) or 1 (failure)

sp_add_alert must be run from the msdb database.

These are the circumstances under which errors/messages generated by SQL Server and SQL Server applications are sent to the Windows application log and can therefore raise alerts:

  • Severity 19 or higher sysmessages errors

  • Any RAISERROR statement invoked with WITH LOG syntax

  • Any sysmessages error modified or created using sp_altermessage

  • Any event logged using xp_logevent

SQL Server Management Studio provides an easy, graphical way to manage the entire alerting system and is the recommended way to configure an alert infrastructure.

If an alert is not functioning properly, check whether:

  • The SQL Server Agent service is running.

  • The event appeared in the Windows application log.

  • The alert is enabled.

  • Events generated with xp_logevent occur in the master database. Therefore, xp_logevent does not trigger an alert unless the @database_name for the alert is 'master' or NULL.

By default, only members of the sysadmin fixed server role can execute sp_add_alert.

The following example adds an alert (Test Alert) that runs the Back up the AdventureWorks Database job when fired.

NoteNote

This example assumes that the message 55001 and the Back up the AdventureWorks Database job already exist. The example is shown for illustrative purposes only.

USE msdb ;
GO

EXEC dbo.sp_add_alert
    @name = N'Test Alert',
    @message_id = 55001, 
   @severity = 0, 
   @notification_message = N'Error 55001 has occurred. The database will be backed up...', 
   @job_name = N'Back up the AdventureWorks Database' ;
GO

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