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sys.database_permissions (Transact-SQL)

Returns a row for every permission or column-exception permission in the database. For columns, there is a row for every permission that is different from the corresponding object-level permission. If the column permission is the same as the corresponding object permission, there will be no row for it and the actual permission used will be that of the object.

Important note Important

Column-level permissions override object-level permissions on the same entity.

Column name

Data type

Description

class

tinyint

Identifies class on which permission exists.

0 = Database

1 = Object or Column

3 = Schema

4 = Database Principal

5 = Assembly

6 = Type

10 = XML Schema Collection

15 = Message Type

16 = Service Contract

17 = Service

18 = Remote Service Binding

19 = Route

23 = Full-Text Catalog

24 = Symmetric Key

25 = Certificate

26 = Asymmetric Key

class_desc

nvarchar(60)

Description of class on which permission exists.

DATABASE

OBJECT_OR_COLUMN

SCHEMA

DATABASE_PRINCIPAL

ASSEMBLY

TYPE

XML_SCHEMA_COLLECTION

MESSAGE_TYPE

SERVICE_CONTRACT

SERVICE

REMOTE_SERVICE_BINDING

ROUTE

FULLTEXT_CATALOG

SYMMETRIC_KEY

CERTIFICATE

ASYMMETRIC_KEY

major_id

int

ID of thing on which permission exists, interpreted according to class. For most, this is simply the kind of ID that applies to what the class represents. Interpretation for nonstandard is as follows:

0 = Always 0

1 = Object-ID

Negative IDs are assigned to system objects.

minor_id

int

Secondary-ID of thing on which permission exists, interpreted according to class. For most, this is zero. Otherwise, it is the following:

1 = Column-ID if a column. Otherwise, it is 0 if an object.

grantee_principal_id

int

Database principal ID to which the permissions are granted.

grantor_principal_id

int

Database principal ID of the grantor of these permissions.

type

char(4)

Database permission type. For a list of permission types, see the next table.

permission_name

nvarchar(128)

Permission name.

state

char(1)

Permission state:

D = Deny

R = Revoke

G = Grant

W = Grant With Grant Option

state_desc

nvarchar(60)

Description of permission state:

DENY

REVOKE

GRANT

GRANT_WITH_GRANT_OPTION

Permission type

Permission name

Applies to securable

AL

ALTER

APPLICATION ROLE, ASSEMBLY, ASYMMETRIC KEY, CERTIFICATE, CONTRACT, DATABASE, FULLTEXT CATALOG, MESSAGE TYPE, OBJECT, REMOTE SERVICE BINDING, ROLE, ROUTE, SCHEMA, SERVICE, SYMMETRIC KEY, USER, XML SCHEMA COLLECTION

ALAK

ALTER ANY ASYMMETRIC KEY

DATABASE

ALAR

ALTER ANY APPLICATION ROLE

DATABASE

ALAS

ALTER ANY ASSEMBLY

DATABASE

ALCF

ALTER ANY CERTIFICATE

DATABASE

ALDS

ALTER ANY DATASPACE

DATABASE

ALED

ALTER ANY DATABASE EVENT NOTIFICATION

DATABASE

ALFT

ALTER ANY FULLTEXT CATALOG

DATABASE

ALMT

ALTER ANY MESSAGE TYPE

DATABASE

ALRL

ALTER ANY ROLE

DATABASE

ALRT

ALTER ANY ROUTE

DATABASE

ALSB

ALTER ANY REMOTE SERVICE BINDING

DATABASE

ALSC

ALTER ANY CONTRACT

DATABASE

ALSK

ALTER ANY SYMMETRIC KEY

DATABASE

ALSM

ALTER ANY SCHEMA

DATABASE

ALSV

ALTER ANY SERVICE

DATABASE

ALTG

ALTER ANY DATABASE DDL TRIGGER

DATABASE

ALUS

ALTER ANY USER

DATABASE

AUTH

AUTHENTICATE

DATABASE

BADB

BACKUP DATABASE

DATABASE

BALO

BACKUP LOG

DATABASE

CL

CONTROL

APPLICATION ROLE, ASSEMBLY, ASYMMETRIC KEY, CERTIFICATE, CONTRACT, DATABASE, FULLTEXT CATALOG, MESSAGE TYPE, OBJECT, REMOTE SERVICE BINDING, ROLE, ROUTE, SCHEMA, SERVICE, SYMMETRIC KEY, TYPE, USER, XML SCHEMA COLLECTION

CO

CONNECT

DATABASE

CORP

CONNECT REPLICATION

DATABASE

CP

CHECKPOINT

DATABASE

CRAG

CREATE AGGREGATE

DATABASE

CRAK

CREATE ASYMMETRIC KEY

DATABASE

CRAS

CREATE ASSEMBLY

DATABASE

CRCF

CREATE CERTIFICATE

DATABASE

CRDB

CREATE DATABASE

DATABASE

CRDF

CREATE DEFAULT

DATABASE

CRED

CREATE DATABASE DDL EVENT NOTIFICATION

DATABASE

CRFN

CREATE FUNCTION

DATABASE

CRFT

CREATE FULLTEXT CATALOG

DATABASE

CRMT

CREATE MESSAGE TYPE

DATABASE

CRPR

CREATE PROCEDURE

DATABASE

CRQU

CREATE QUEUE

DATABASE

CRRL

CREATE ROLE

DATABASE

CRRT

CREATE ROUTE

DATABASE

CRRU

CREATE RULE

DATABASE

CRSB

CREATE REMOTE SERVICE BINDING

DATABASE

CRSC

CREATE CONTRACT

DATABASE

CRSK

CREATE SYMMETRIC KEY

DATABASE

CRSM

CREATE SCHEMA

DATABASE

CRSN

CREATE SYNONYM

DATABASE

CRSO

CREATE SEQUENCE

DATABASE

CRSV

CREATE SERVICE

DATABASE

CRTB

CREATE TABLE

DATABASE

CRTY

CREATE TYPE

DATABASE

CRVW

CREATE VIEW

DATABASE

CRXS

CREATE XML SCHEMA COLLECTION

DATABASE

DL

DELETE

DATABASE, OBJECT, SCHEMA

EX

EXECUTE

ASSEMBLY, DATABASE, OBJECT, SCHEMA, TYPE, XML SCHEMA COLLECTION

IM

IMPERSONATE

USER

IN

INSERT

DATABASE, OBJECT, SCHEMA

RC

RECEIVE

OBJECT

RF

REFERENCES

ASSEMBLY, ASYMMETRIC KEY, CERTIFICATE, CONTRACT, DATABASE, FULLTEXT CATALOG, MESSAGE TYPE, OBJECT, SCHEMA, SYMMETRIC KEY, TYPE, XML SCHEMA COLLECTION

SL

SELECT

DATABASE, OBJECT, SCHEMA

SN

SEND

SERVICE

SPLN

SHOWPLAN

DATABASE

SUQN

SUBSCRIBE QUERY NOTIFICATIONS

DATABASE

TO

TAKE OWNERSHIP

ASSEMBLY, ASYMMETRIC KEY, CERTIFICATE, CONTRACT, DATABASE, FULLTEXT CATALOG, MESSAGE TYPE, OBJECT, REMOTE SERVICE BINDING, ROLE, ROUTE, SCHEMA, SERVICE, SYMMETRIC KEY, TYPE, XML SCHEMA COLLECTION

UP

UPDATE

DATABASE, OBJECT, SCHEMA

VW

VIEW DEFINITION

APPLICATION ROLE, ASSEMBLY, ASYMMETRIC KEY, CERTIFICATE, CONTRACT, DATABASE, FULLTEXT CATALOG, MESSAGE TYPE, OBJECT, REMOTE SERVICE BINDING, ROLE, ROUTE, SCHEMA, SERVICE, SYMMETRIC KEY, TYPE, USER, XML SCHEMA COLLECTION

VWCT

VIEW CHANGE TRACKING

TABLE, SCHEMA

VWDS

VIEW DATABASE STATE

DATABASE

Any user can see their own permissions. To see permissions for other users, requires VIEW DEFINITION, ALTER ANY USER, or any permission on a user. To see user-defined roles, requires ALTER ANY ROLE, or membership in the role (such as public).

The visibility of the metadata in catalog views is limited to securables that a user either owns or on which the user has been granted some permission. For more information, see Metadata Visibility Configuration.

A: Listing all the permissions of database principals

The following query lists the permissions explicitly granted or denied to database principals.

Important note Important

The permissions of fixed database roles do not appear in sys.database_permissions. Therefore, database principals may have additional permissions not listed here.

SELECT pr.principal_id, pr.name, pr.type_desc, 
    pr.authentication_type_desc, pe.state_desc, pe.permission_name
FROM sys.database_principals AS pr
JOIN sys.database_permissions AS pe
    ON pe.grantee_principal_id = pr.principal_id;

B: Listing permissions on schema objects within a database

The following query joins sys.database_principals and sys.database_permissions to sys.objects and sys.schemas to list permissions granted or denied to specific schema objects.

SELECT pr.principal_id, pr.name, pr.type_desc, 
    pr.authentication_type_desc, pe.state_desc, 
    pe.permission_name, s.name + '.' + o.name AS ObjectName
FROM sys.database_principals AS pr
JOIN sys.database_permissions AS pe
    ON pe.grantee_principal_id = pr.principal_id
JOIN sys.objects AS o
    ON pe.major_id = o.object_id
JOIN sys.schemas AS s
    ON o.schema_id = s.schema_id;
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