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sys.server_permissions (Transact-SQL)

Returns one row for each server-level permission.

Column name

Data type

Description

class

tinyint

Identifies class of thing on which permission exists.

100 = Server

101 = Server-principal

105 = Endpoint

class_desc

nvarchar(60)

Description of class on which permission exists.

  • SERVER

  • SERVER_PRINCIPAL

  • ENDPOINT

major_id

int

ID of the securable on which permission exists, interpreted according to class. For most, this is just the kind of ID that applies to what the class represents. Interpretation for non-standard is as follows:

100 = Always 0

minor_id

int

Secondary ID of thing on which permission exists, interpreted according to class.

grantee_principal_id

int

Server-principal-ID to which the permissions are granted.

grantor_principal_id

int

Server-principal-ID of the grantor of these permissions.

type

char(4)

Server permission type. For a list of permission types, see the next table.

permission_name

nvarchar(128)

Permission name.

state

char(1)

Permission state:

D = Deny

R = Revoke

G = Grant

W = Grant With Grant option

state_desc

nvarchar(60)

Description of permission state:

DENY

REVOKE

GRANT

GRANT_WITH_GRANT_OPTION

Permission type

Permission name

Applies to securable

ADBO

ADMINISTER BULK OPERATIONS

SERVER

AL

ALTER

ENDPOINT, LOGIN

ALCD

ALTER ANY CREDENTIAL

SERVER

ALCO

ALTER ANY CONNECTION

SERVER

ALDB

ALTER ANY DATABASE

SERVER

ALES

ALTER ANY EVENT NOTIFICATION

SERVER

ALHE

ALTER ANY ENDPOINT

SERVER

ALLG

ALTER ANY LOGIN

SERVER

ALLS

ALTER ANY LINKED SERVER

SERVER

ALRS

ALTER RESOURCES

SERVER

ALSS

ALTER SERVER STATE

SERVER

ALST

ALTER SETTINGS

SERVER

ALTR

ALTER TRACE

SERVER

AUTH

AUTHENTICATE SERVER

SERVER

CL

CONTROL

ENDPOINT, LOGIN

CL

CONTROL SERVER

SERVER

CO

CONNECT

ENDPOINT

COSQ

CONNECT SQL

SERVER

CRDB

CREATE ANY DATABASE

SERVER

CRDE

CREATE DDL EVENT NOTIFICATION

SERVER

CRHE

CREATE ENDPOINT

SERVER

CRTE

CREATE TRACE EVENT NOTIFICATION

SERVER

IM

IMPERSONATE

LOGIN

SHDN

SHUTDOWN

SERVER

TO

TAKE OWNERSHIP

ENDPOINT

VW

VIEW DEFINITION

ENDPOINT, LOGIN

VWAD

VIEW ANY DEFINITION

SERVER

VWDB

VIEW ANY DATABASE

SERVER

VWSS

VIEW SERVER STATE

SERVER

XA

EXTERNAL ACCESS

SERVER

Any user can see their own permissions. To see permissions for other logins, requires VIEW DEFINITION, ALTER ANY LOGIN, or any permission on a login. To see user-defined server roles, requires ALTER ANY SERVER ROLE, or membership in the role.

The visibility of the metadata in catalog views is limited to securables that a user either owns or on which the user has been granted some permission. For more information, see Metadata Visibility Configuration.

The following query lists the permissions explicitly granted or denied to server principals.

Important note Important

The permissions of fixed server roles do not appear in sys.server_permissions. Therefore, server principals may have additional permissions not listed here.

SELECT pr.principal_id, pr.name, pr.type_desc, 
    pe.state_desc, pe.permission_name 
FROM sys.server_principals AS pr 
JOIN sys.server_permissions AS pe 
    ON pe.grantee_principal_id = pr.principal_id;

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