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Mark Windows Forms entry points with STAThread

TypeName

MarkWindowsFormsEntryPointsWithStaThread

CheckId

CA2232

Category

Microsoft.Usage

Breaking Change

NonBreaking

An assembly references the System.Windows.Forms namespace, and its entry point is not marked with the System.STAThreadAttribute attribute.

STAThreadAttribute indicates that the COM threading model for the application is single-threaded apartment. This attribute must be present on the entry point of any application that uses Windows Forms; if it is omitted, the Windows components might not work correctly. If the attribute is not present, the application uses the multithreaded apartment model, which is not supported for Windows Forms.

To fix a violation of this rule, add the STAThreadAttribute attribute to the entry point. If the System.MTAThreadAttribute attribute is present, remove it.

It is safe to exclude a warning from this rule if developing for the .NET Compact Framework, for which the STAThreadAttribute attribute is unnecessary and not supported.

The following examples demonstrate the correct usage of STAThreadAttribute.

using System; 
using  System.Windows.Forms;

namespace UsageLibrary
{
    public class MyForm: Form
    {
        public MyForm()
        {
            this.Text = "Hello World!";
        }
        
        // Satisfies rule: MarkWindowsFormsEntryPointsWithStaThread.
        [STAThread]
        public static void Main()
        {
            MyForm aform = new MyForm();
            Application.Run(aform);
        }
    }
}

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