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DENY Certificate Permissions (Transact-SQL)

Denies permissions on a certificate.

Topic link iconTransact-SQL Syntax Conventions


DENY permission  [ ,...n ] 
    ON CERTIFICATE ::certificate_name 
    TO principal [ ,...n ]
    [ CASCADE ]
    [ AS denying_principal ]
permission

Specifies a permission that can be denied on a certificate. Listed below.

ON CERTIFICATE ::certificate_name

Specifies the certificate on which the permission is being denied. The scope qualifier "::" is required.

database_principal

Specifies the principal to which the permission is being denied. One of the following:

  • database user

  • database role

  • application role

  • database user mapped to a Windows login

  • database user mapped to a Windows group

  • database user mapped to a certificate

  • database user mapped to an asymmetric key

  • database user not mapped to a server principal.

CASCADE

Indicates that the permission being denied is also denied to other principals to which it has been granted by this principal.

denying_principal

Specifies a principal from which the principal executing this query derives its right to deny the permission. One of the following:

  • database user

  • database role

  • application role

  • database user mapped to a Windows login

  • database user mapped to a Windows group

  • database user mapped to a certificate

  • database user mapped to an asymmetric key

  • database user not mapped to a server principal.

A certificate is a database-level securable contained by the database that is its parent in the permissions hierarchy. The most specific and limited permissions that can be denied on a certificate are listed below, together with the more general permissions that include them by implication.

Certificate permission

Implied by certificate permission

Implied by database permission

CONTROL

CONTROL

CONTROL

TAKE OWNERSHIP

CONTROL

CONTROL

ALTER

CONTROL

ALTER ANY CERTIFICATE

REFERENCES

CONTROL

REFERENCES

VIEW DEFINITION

CONTROL

VIEW DEFINITION

Requires CONTROL permission on the certificate. If the AS clause is used, the specified principal must own the certificate.

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