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Example Text Site-Map Provider 

Illustrates a complete text-based site-map provider.

Example

The following code example demonstrates how to write a class that implements the abstract SiteMapProvider class.

using System;
using System.Configuration.Provider;
using System.Collections;
using System.Collections.Specialized;
using System.IO;
using System.Security.Permissions;
using System.Web;

namespace Samples.AspNet.CS
{

  [AspNetHostingPermission(SecurityAction.Demand, Level = AspNetHostingPermissionLevel.Minimal)]
  public class SimpleTextSiteMapProvider : SiteMapProvider
  {
    private SiteMapProvider parentSiteMapProvider = null;
    private string simpleTextProviderName = null;
    private string sourceFilename = null;
    private SiteMapNode rootNode = null;
    private ArrayList siteMapNodes = null;
    private ArrayList childParentRelationship = null;


    // A default constructor. The Name property is initialized in the
    // Initialize method.
    public SimpleTextSiteMapProvider()
    {
    }
    // Implement the CurrentNode property.
    public override SiteMapNode CurrentNode
    {
      get
      {
        string currentUrl = FindCurrentUrl();
        // Find the SiteMapNode that represents the current page.
        SiteMapNode currentNode = FindSiteMapNode(currentUrl);
        return currentNode;
      }
    }

    // Implement the RootNode property.
    public override SiteMapNode RootNode
    {
      get
      {
        return rootNode;
      }
    }
    // Implement the ParentProvider property.
    public override SiteMapProvider ParentProvider
    {
      get
      {
        return parentSiteMapProvider;
      }
      set
      {
        parentSiteMapProvider = value;
      }
    }

    // Implement the RootProvider property.
    public override SiteMapProvider RootProvider
    {
      get
      {
        // If the current instance belongs to a provider hierarchy, it
        // cannot be the RootProvider. Rely on the ParentProvider.
        if (this.ParentProvider != null)
        {
          return ParentProvider.RootProvider;
        }
        // If the current instance does not have a ParentProvider, it is
        // not a child in a hierarchy, and can be the RootProvider.
        else
        {
          return this;
        }
      }
    }
    // Implement the FindSiteMapNode method.
    public override SiteMapNode FindSiteMapNode(string rawUrl)
    {

      // Does the root node match the URL?
      if (RootNode.Url == rawUrl)
      {
        return RootNode;
      }
      else
      {
        SiteMapNode candidate = null;
        // Retrieve the SiteMapNode that matches the URL.
        lock (this)
        {
          candidate = GetNode(siteMapNodes, rawUrl);
        }
        return candidate;
      }
    }
    // Implement the GetChildNodes method.
    public override SiteMapNodeCollection GetChildNodes(SiteMapNode node)
    {
      SiteMapNodeCollection children = new SiteMapNodeCollection();
      // Iterate through the ArrayList and find all nodes that have the specified node as a parent.
      lock (this)
      {
        for (int i = 0; i < childParentRelationship.Count; i++)
        {

          string nodeUrl = ((DictionaryEntry)childParentRelationship[i]).Key as string;

          SiteMapNode parent = GetNode(childParentRelationship, nodeUrl);

          if (parent != null && node.Url == parent.Url)
          {
            // The SiteMapNode with the Url that corresponds to nodeUrl
            // is a child of the specified node. Get the SiteMapNode for
            // the nodeUrl.
            SiteMapNode child = FindSiteMapNode(nodeUrl);
            if (child != null)
            {
              children.Add(child as SiteMapNode);
            }
            else
            {
              throw new Exception("ArrayLists not in sync.");
            }
          }
        }
      }
      return children;
    }
    protected override SiteMapNode GetRootNodeCore()
    {
      return RootNode;
    }
    // Implement the GetParentNode method.
    public override SiteMapNode GetParentNode(SiteMapNode node)
    {
      // Check the childParentRelationship table and find the parent of the current node.
      // If there is no parent, the current node is the RootNode.
      SiteMapNode parent = null;
      lock (this)
      {
        // Get the Value of the node in childParentRelationship
        parent = GetNode(childParentRelationship, node.Url);
      }
      return parent;
    }

    // Implement the ProviderBase.Initialize property.
    // Initialize is used to initialize the state that the Provider holds, but
    // not actually build the site map.
    public override void Initialize(string name, NameValueCollection attributes)
    {

      lock (this)
      {

        base.Initialize(name, attributes);

        simpleTextProviderName = name;
        sourceFilename = attributes["siteMapFile"];
        siteMapNodes = new ArrayList();
        childParentRelationship = new ArrayList();

        // Build the site map in memory.
        LoadSiteMapFromStore();
      }
    }
    // Private helper methods

    private SiteMapNode GetNode(ArrayList list, string url)
    {
      for (int i = 0; i < list.Count; i++)
      {
        DictionaryEntry item = (DictionaryEntry)list[i];
        if ((string)item.Key == url)
          return item.Value as SiteMapNode;
      }
      return null;
    }

    // Get the URL of the currently displayed page.
    private string FindCurrentUrl()
    {
      try
      {
        // The current HttpContext.
        HttpContext currentContext = HttpContext.Current;
        if (currentContext != null)
        {
          return currentContext.Request.RawUrl;
        }
        else
        {
          throw new Exception("HttpContext.Current is Invalid");
        }
      }
      catch (Exception e)
      {
        throw new NotSupportedException("This provider requires a valid context.",e);
      }
    }
    protected virtual void LoadSiteMapFromStore()
    {
      string pathToOpen;

      lock (this)
      {
        // If a root node exists, LoadSiteMapFromStore has already
        // been called, and the method can return.
        if (rootNode != null)
        {
          return;
        }
        else
        {
          pathToOpen = HttpContext.Current.Server.MapPath("~" + "\\" + sourceFilename);

          if (File.Exists(pathToOpen))
          {
            // Open the file to read from.
            using (StreamReader sr = File.OpenText(pathToOpen))
            {

              // Clear the state of the collections and rootNode
              rootNode = null;
              siteMapNodes.Clear();
              childParentRelationship.Clear();

              // Parse the file and build the site map
              string s = "";
              string[] nodeValues = null;
              SiteMapNode temp = null;

              while ((s = sr.ReadLine()) != null)
              {

                // Build the various SiteMapNode objects and add
                // them to the ArrayList collections. The format used
                // is: URL,TITLE,DESCRIPTION,PARENTURL

                nodeValues = s.Split(',');

                temp = new SiteMapNode(this,
                    HttpRuntime.AppDomainAppVirtualPath + "/" + nodeValues[0],
                    HttpRuntime.AppDomainAppVirtualPath + "/" + nodeValues[0],
                    nodeValues[1],
                    nodeValues[2]);

                // Is this a root node yet?
                if (null == rootNode &&
                    (null == nodeValues[3] || nodeValues[3] == String.Empty))
                {
                  rootNode = temp;
                }

              // If not the root node, add the node to the various collections.
                else
                {
                  siteMapNodes.Add(new DictionaryEntry(temp.Url, temp));
                  // The parent node has already been added to the collection.
                  SiteMapNode parentNode =
                           FindSiteMapNode(HttpRuntime.AppDomainAppVirtualPath + "/" + nodeValues[3]);
                  if (parentNode != null)
                  {
                    childParentRelationship.Add(new DictionaryEntry(temp.Url, parentNode));
                  }
                  else
                  {
                    throw new Exception("Parent node not found for current node.");
                  }
                }
              }
            }
          }
          else
          {
            throw new Exception("File not found");
          }
        }
      }
      return;
    }
  }

}

The code example uses a comma-delimited file called SiteMap.txt that follows a specific structure to load site-map information. The first line of the file represents the root node of the site map, and subsequent lines are child nodes. Each child node identifies its parent node by URL.

default.aspx,Home,MyCompany Home Page,
sale.aspx,Now On Sale,Check Out These Great Deals!,default.aspx
catalog.aspx,Online Catalog,Browse Our Many Great Items!,default.aspx

The SimpleTextSiteMapProvider provides example implementations of all of the properties and methods for the SiteMapProvider class.

Finally, the SimpleTextSiteMapProvider is configured to be the default provider in the Web.config file, as shown in the following code example.

<configuration>
  <system.web>
    <siteMap defaultProvider="SimpleTextSiteMapProvider">
     <providers>
       <add 
         name="SimpleTextSiteMapProvider"
         type="<type name>"
         siteMapFile = "<path>/siteMap.txt" />
     </providers> 
    </siteMap>
  </system.web>
</configuration>

To customize this example, replace <type name> with the fully qualified name of the class that implements your site-map data provider. For example, in the C# code above, you would replace <type name> with Samples.AspNet.CS.SimpleTextSiteMapProvider. If you compile your site-map data provider code and place it in the Bin directory, the <type name> string must also include the name of your compiled file without the file name extension. For example, if you compiled the C# code above into a file called Samples.AspNet.dll, you would replace <type name> with Samples.AspNet.CS.SimpleTextSiteMapProvider.Samples.AspNet. Lastly, replace <path> with the relative path to your site-map file.

NoteNote

When you inherit from the SiteMapProvider class, as opposed to inheriting from the StaticSiteMapProvider class, you must override the following members: GetRootNodeCore, FindSiteMapNode, GetChildNodes, and GetParentNode.

See Also

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