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Built-in XML Schema Collection (sys)

Every database you create has a predefined sys XML schema collection in the sys relational schema. It reserves these predefined schemas, and they can be accessed from any other user-created XML schema collection. The prefixes used in these predefined schemas are meaningful in XQuery. Only xml is a reserved prefix.

xml = http://www.w3.org/XML/1998/namespace
xs = http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema
xsi = http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance
fn = http://www.w3.org/2004/07/xpath-functions
sqltypes = http://schemas.microsoft.com/sqlserver/2004/sqltypes
xdt = http://www.w3.org/2004/07/xpath-datatypes
(no prefix) = urn:schemas-microsoft-com:xml-sql
(no prefix) = http://schemas.microsoft.com/sqlserver/2004/SOAP

Note that the sqltypes namespace contains components that can be referenced from any user-created XML schema collection. You can download the sqltypes schema from this Microsoft Web site. The built-in components include the following:

  • XSD types
  • XML attributes lang, base, and space
  • Components of the sqltypes namespace

The following query returns built-in components that can be referenced from a user-created XML schema collection:

SELECT C.name, N.name, C.symbol_space_desc from sys.xml_schema_components C join sys.xml_schema_namespaces N
on ((C.xml_namespace_id = N.xml_namespace_id) AND (C.xml_collection_id = N.xml_collection_id))
join sys.xml_schema_collections SC
on SC.xml_collection_id = C.xml_collection_id
where ((C.xml_collection_id = 1) AND (C.name is not null) AND (C.scoping_xml_component_id is null) 
AND (SC.schema_id = 4))
GO

The following example shows how these components are referenced in a user schema. CREATE XML SCHEMA COLLECTION creates an XML schema collection that references the varchar type defined in the sqltypes namespace. The example also references the lang attribute that is defined in the xml namespace.

CREATE XML SCHEMA COLLECTION SC AS '
<schema 
   xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" 
   targetNamespace="myNS"
   xmlns:ns="myNS"
   xmlns:s="http://schemas.microsoft.com/sqlserver/2004/sqltypes" > 
   <import namespace="http://www.w3.org/XML/1998/namespace"/>
   <import namespace="http://schemas.microsoft.com/sqlserver/2004/sqltypes"/>
   <element name="root">
      <complexType>
          <sequence>
             <element name="a" type="string"/>
             <element name="b" type="string"/>
             <!-- varchar type is defined in the sys.sys collection and 
                  can be referenced in any user-defined schema -->
             <element name="c" type="s:varchar"/>
          </sequence>
          <attribute name="att" type="int"/>
          <!-- xml:lang attribute is defined in the sys.sys collection 
               and can be referenced in any user-defined schema -->
          <attribute ref="xml:lang"/>
      </complexType>
    </element>
 </schema>'
GO
 -- Cleanup
DROP xml schema collection SC 
GO

You should note the following:

  • You cannot modify XML schemas with these namespaces in any user-defined XML schema collection. For example, the following XML schema collection fails, because it is adding a component to the sqltypes protected namespace:
    CREATE XML SCHEMA COLLECTION SC AS '
    <schema xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" 
    targetNamespace  
        ="http://schemas.microsoft.com/sqlserver/2004/sqltypes" > 
          <element name="root" type="string"/>
    </schema>'
    GO
    
  • You cannot use the sys XML schema collection to type xml columns, variables, or parameters. For example, the following code returns an error:
    DECLARE @x xml (sys.sys)
    
  • Serialization of these built-in schemas is not supported. For example, the following code returns an error:
    SELECT XML_SCHEMA_NAMESPACE(N'sys',N'sys')
    GO
    

The following code is another example in which you create an XML schema collection that uses the varchar type defined in the sqltypes namespace:

CREATE XML SCHEMA COLLECTION SC AS '
<schema xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" 
        targetNamespace="myNS" xmlns:ns="myNS"
        xmlns:s="http://schemas.microsoft.com/sqlserver/2004/sqltypes">
   <import   
     namespace="http://schemas.microsoft.com/sqlserver/2004/sqltypes"/>
      <simpleType name="myType">
            <restriction base="s:varchar">
                  <maxLength value="20"/>
            </restriction>
      </simpleType>
      <element name="root" type="ns:myType"/>
</schema>'
go

As shown in the following, you can create a typed XML variable, assign an XML instance to it, and verify that the value of the <root> element type is a varchar type.

DECLARE @var XML(SC)
SET @var = '<root xmlns="myNS">My data</root>'
SELECT @var.query('declare namespace sqltypes = "http://schemas.microsoft.com/sqlserver/2004/sqltypes";
declare namespace ns="myNS"; 
data(/ns:root[1]) instance of sqltypes:varchar?')
GO

The instance of sqltypes:varchar? expression returns TRUE, because the <root> element value is of a type derived from varchar according to the schema that is associated with the @var variable.

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