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How to: Iterate Over Arrays with for each

This topic shows how to use the for each, in keyword on different types of arrays.

Example

This sample shows how to use for each on array of reference types. Note that if any dimension of a multi dimensional array is zero, the for each loop will not iterate over the array.

// for_each_arrays.cpp
// compile with: /clr
using namespace System;
ref struct MyClass {
   void Test() { Console::WriteLine("in MyClass"); }
};

ref struct MyClass2 {
   void Test() { Console::WriteLine("in MyClass2"); }
};

int main() {
   array<MyClass ^> ^ MyArray = gcnew array<MyClass ^>(2);

   int i = 0;
   for each ( MyClass ^ c in MyArray ) {
      Console::Write("{0} = ", i++);
      c -> Test();
   }

   Console::WriteLine();

   array< MyClass2 ^, 2 > ^ MyArray2 = gcnew array< MyClass2 ^, 2 >(2, 2);
   i = 0;
   for each ( MyClass2 ^ c in MyArray2 ) {
      Console::Write("{0} = ", i++);
      c -> Test();
   }

   array< MyClass2 ^, 2 > ^ MyArray3 = gcnew array< MyClass2 ^, 2 >(2, 0);
   i = 0;
   for each ( MyClass2 ^ c in MyArray3 ) {
      Console::Write("{0} = ", i++);
      c -> Test();
   }
}

Output

0 = in MyClass
1 = in MyClass

0 = in MyClass2
1 = in MyClass2
2 = in MyClass2
3 = in MyClass2

This sample shows for each iterating over a ArrayList, which implements IEnumerable.

// for_each_arrays_2.cpp
// compile with: /clr
using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections;

int main() {
   int retval = 0;

   ArrayList ^ arr = gcnew ArrayList();
   arr->Add(10);
   arr->Add(20);
   arr->Add(30);
   
   for each ( int c in arr )
      retval += c;
   Console::WriteLine(retval);
}

Output

60

This sample shows how to iterate over an array of arrays.

// for_each_arrays_3.cpp
// compile with: /clr
using namespace System;

#define ARRAY_SIZE 2

int main() {
   int i, j;

   // Declares an array of managed arrays of Int32.
   array< array< Int32 > ^ > ^ IntArray = gcnew array<array< Int32 > ^>(ARRAY_SIZE);

   for (i = 0 ; i < ARRAY_SIZE ; i++) {
      IntArray[i] = gcnew array< Int32 >(ARRAY_SIZE);
         for ( int j = 0 ; j < ARRAY_SIZE ; j++ ) 
            IntArray[i][j] = i + 10;
   }

   for (i = 0 ; i < ARRAY_SIZE ; i++)
      for (int j = 0 ; j < ARRAY_SIZE ; j++)
         Console::WriteLine("IntArray[{0}] = {1}", i, IntArray[i][j]);
   Console::WriteLine();

   for each (array<Int32> ^ xyz in IntArray)
      for each ( int c in xyz )
         Console::WriteLine(c);
}

Output

IntArray[0] = 10
IntArray[0] = 10
IntArray[1] = 11
IntArray[1] = 11

10
10
11
11

See Also

Reference

for each, in

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